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Coursework or research?

What's the difference between postgraduate degree coursework and higher degree research.

At UTS, you could pursue postgraduate studies by coursework or research.

Postgraduate Degree Coursework

Doing it by coursework means, you’ll attend classes, write assessments, sit for exams and work your way through a set of subjects – a structured program. You could potentially add a research project using your elective.

Programs offered through postgraduate coursework are:

Master of Quantitative Finance

Master of Science – offered in five majors and a no specific major.

Master of Science (Extension) – offered in five majors and a no specific major

Graduate Certificate in Science

Graduate Certificate in Mathematics

Higher Degree Research

Doing postgraduate study by research means, you’ll undertake supervised study and research, guided by an academic supervisor. You’ll work independently on your chosen project with the aim of producing, presenting and submitting a final thesis. The final thesis is your original research and investigation, backed by evidence.

Programs offered through higher degree research are:

Masters by Research  - Science

Masters by Research  - Mathematical Sciences

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) - Science

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) – Mathematical Sciences

So, what kind of projects can I undertake as my higher research degree?

You can undertake any project or discipline, as long as the Faculty and UTS has the expertise in the area, and the relevant supervisor agrees to supervise you.

We strongly encourage you to visit the Faculty’s research areas and use the Find a Supervisor  tool, to search a supervisor of your research interest.

Find a Supervisor

Once you've found a potential supervisor, it's important to make contact with them to discuss your research project proposal andmake sure they agree to supervise you.

Are you still confused on which research project to undertake?

You can hear from some of our  current and past research students’ experiences here . This may help you to decide what research project is right for you.

What if I change my mind, after...

I have started a postgraduate coursework program at UTS Science, but now I want to pursue a higher degree research?

You can transfer from your current UTS Science postgraduate coursework degree into the UTS  Master of Science (Honours) . You’ll need to line up a faculty academic to be your supervisor. Entry into the Master of Science (Honours) is through an internal course transfer via the UTS Master of Science or UTS Master of Science (Extension). There is no direct entry into the UTS Master of Science (Honours).

I have started one of the UTS Science postgraduate coursework masters, e.g. Master of Science or Master of Science (Extension),or the Master of Quantitative Finance, but I can no longer continue my studies?

You can exit your degree through the UTS Graduate Diploma in Science or the UTS Graduate Diploma in Quantitative Finance, which are dependent on the number of subjects you have completed.

Want more information?

Attend a science and maths postgraduate info session.

Download the Science and Maths Postgraduate Course Guide . For information on the application process, here’s a step by step guide on how to apply .

Want to talk to someone?

Contact our course directors:

Ken Rodgers Higher Degree Research Programs Director [email protected]

Bernadette Saunders Postgraduate Coursework Programs Director [email protected]

UTS acknowledges the Gadigal people of the Eora Nation, the Boorooberongal people of the Dharug Nation, the Bidiagal people and the Gamaygal people, upon whose ancestral lands our university stands. We would also like to pay respect to the Elders both past and present, acknowledging them as the traditional custodians of knowledge for these lands.

difference between coursework and project

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Course Objectives & Learning Outcomes

Teaching Commons > Teaching Guides > Course Design > Course Objectives & Learning Outcomes

​​​​​​What are Learning Outcomes?

Learning outcomes are specific statements of what students will be able to do when they successfully complete a learning experience (whether it's a project, course or program). They are always written in a student-centered, measurable fashion that is concise, meaningful, and achievable.

Learning Outcomes at the University or Program Level

Outcomes are used on many scales, from developing curriculum for a program of study to creating lessons for a single class activity. At the highest level, learning outcomes can be established at the university level. You can review the learning outcomes for DePaul graduates at the institutional level or program level. 

Learning Outcomes at the Module, Unit, or Week Level

Just as learning outcomes can be designed at the program level or university-wide level, they can also operate at a more granular scale within an individual course. Typically instructors divide their courses into smaller units such as modules or weeks, and many instructors establish learning outcomes for these smaller units that map onto the larger course-level outcomes. As a general rule, as the level of analysis becomes smaller, from course to module to assignment, the learning outcomes tend to be more specific and easily quantifiable. 

difference between coursework and project

How are Learning Outcomes Different from Learning Goals or Learning Objectives?

These terms are often used interchangeably and they are all related to the teaching and learning that is expected to take place in the classroom. However, the difference between goals or objectives and outcomes lies in the emphasis on who will be performing the activities.Learning goals and objectives generally describe what an instructor, program, or institution aims to do,  whereas, a learning outcome describes in observable and measurable terms what a student is able to do as a result of completing a learning experience (e.g., course, project, or unit).

Learning Goals

Learning goals are broad statements written from an instructor's or institution's perspective that give the general content and direction of a learning experience. They generally describe what an instructor or program aims to do; i.e., “The curriculum will introduce students to the major research methods of the discipline.” 

Learning Objectives

Learning objectives are statements of what you intend to teach or cover in a learning experience. They tend to be

Learning objectives can introduce unintended complexity because sometimes they are written in terms of what you intend to teach (the first example above) and sometimes they are written in terms of what you expect students will learn (the latter example). In contrast, learning outcomes should always be written with a focus on the learner and how the learner will demonstrate achievement, which makes it easier to assess students' learning.

Why Write Learning Outcomes?

Identifying the desired results of a learning experience is the first step of backward design.Learning outcomes are used for this purpose.  Learning outcomes are also valuable in these ways:

Learning outcomes help instructors...

Learning outcomes help students…

Elements of Effective Learning Outcomes

Clearly written course-level and module-level outcomes are the foundation upon which effective courses are designed. Outcomes inform both the way students are evaluated in a course and the way a course will be organized. Effective learning outcomes are student-centered, measurable, concise, meaningful, achievable and outcome-based (rather than task-based).


Outcomes are phrased from the perspective of the student and are written in language that can be easily understood by them.

Outcomes are specific, observable, and can be assessed. They use a concrete action verb.

Outcomes are written in short, succinct sentences.

Outcomes emphasize higher-order thinking and are consistent with university, college, department, and program learning outcomes.

The total number of outcomes is reasonable for this population of students and is achievable within the time available.


Outcomes should specify the skills and knowledge students must demonstrate to prove mastery instead of focusing on the assignment format, such as a quiz or essay. Well-worded outcomes should remain flexible enough to accommodate a variety of formats for a corresponding assessment.

Writing Learning Outcomes

While designing a course, instructors are most likely to develop course-level outcomes, which is to say the level of analysis is the course as opposed to the program of study (at a higher level) or module/week (at a lower level)

If the educational unit is implied, based on the context in which the learning outcomes are shared, you might leave off the first portion of the learning outcome statement.

Course Learning Outcome Examples

Example course learning outcomes using this formula:

Module- or Unit-level Learning Outcome Examples

Example module- or unit-level learning outcome using this formula:

Examples of Common Learning Outcome Problems and Solutions

The  Center for Teaching and Learning  is available to consult with departments and individual faculty members on developing learning outcomes.

Concrete Action Verbs

The following list includes concrete action verbs that correspond with each level of Bloom's taxonomy for the cognitive domain. To ensure outcomes are measurable, you might find it helpful to start each one with a verb from this list.

compose, construct, create, design, develop, integrate, invent, make, manage, modify, prepare, propose, synthesize

assess, choose, convince, critique, decide, determine, defend, estimate, judge, justify, measure, predict, prioritize, prove, rate, recommend, select

analyze, categorize, compare, contrast, deconstruct, differentiate, examine, infer, organize, select, test

apply, carry out, choose, demonstrate, recreate, show, solve, use


describe, distinguish, clarify, classify, compare, convert, contrast, estimate, explain, identify, locate, predict, relate, report, restate, translate, summarize


define, describe, identify, label, list, match, name, order, recall, recognize

What about Hard-to-Measure Outcomes?

Some faculty find it stifling to only include measurable outcomes in their course-planning process. You might have learning goals in mind that are valuable but more difficult to measure in a quarter, such as

These are all excellent examples of worthwhile goals that you might integrate into many of your learning materials and activities. It's fine to include hard-to-measure goals like these alongside your course outcomes, but it's best to keep them under a separate heading—such as "Learning Goals"—than to include them with your measurable outcomes. This separation will clarify that these goals are an important part of your course, but won't necessarily be tied to student grading and evaluation in the same way that the student learning outcomes will be. 

Further Reading​


Bloom, B. S., Engelhart, M. D., Furst, E. J., Hill, E. J., & Krathwohl, D. R. (Eds.). (1956). Taxonomy of educational objectives: The classification of educational goals. New York, NY: Longmans, Green and Co.

"Doing a Project" vs. Project Based Learning

A piece of cake on a plate – dessert, doing a project. Or. A plate of pasta with a fork – main course, project based learning.

Sure, teachers have been assigning projects to students for years. But Project Based Learning is something completely different. So what exactly is  the difference between Project Based Learning and "doing a project"?

We like to say it's the main course, not dessert!

Visit a traditional classroom, and you’ll probably find that students have done “dessert” projects in at least one unit during the school year. From shoebox dioramas to hand-built models to poster presentations, students are often tasked with creating something related to the topic of the unit.

It’s usually done at the end of a unit – after the main course of content is delivered via traditional lessons, lectures, worksheets, and readings.

Think you know the difference? Take the pop quiz!

Slice of cake

A “dessert” project offers a fun or creative challenge for the student, so it seems like a special treat. But what's missing?

Without the key ingredients of Project Based Learning, a project like this in and of itself is not enough to deliver deeper learning. 

So what's the difference between a dessert and main course project?

Table with two columns. Column 1 is: Dessert or Doing a Project. 1. An add-on to the traditional 
instruction; at the end 
(or alongside) of the unit; 2. Follows direction of the teacher; 3. Focused on product; 4. Often unrelated to 
standards and skills; 5. Can be completed alone 
and/or at home; 6. Remains within the 
school world; 7. End result of project 
displayed in the classroom. Column 2 is: Main course or Project Based Learning. 1.Instruction integrated into the project (The project is the unit!); 2.Driven by student inquiry; 3.Focused on product and process; 4.Aligned to academic standards  and success skills; 5.Involves collaboration with students  and in-class guidance from teacher; 6.Has a real-world  context and application; 7.Results of project shared beyond  the classroom with a public audience

With PBL, the project is the "main course." It provides the framework for student learning in the unit.

In Project Based Learning, the project itself is used to teach rigorous academic content and success skills. Students work to answer an important question—such as “How can we impact hunger in our community?” By exploring the question over a couple weeks or longer, students become immersed in it, pursuing answers from various angles. 

Through this process, they apply what they’re learning in meaningful ways. Instruction is incorporated into the project, which is designed to meet appropriate academic goals and standards. The project work creates a genuine need for students to learn grade-level content and skills, while working collaboratively, thinking critically and engaging in reflection and revision.

Students see how their work has an impact in the real world.

At the end of the project, the students' work is shared publicly, beyond just classmates and teachers... Students in a STEM project might create a sustainable redesign for a public space and present it to the city council, rather than simply learning from a textbook and creating a poster for the classroom wall. Or in social studies, a student could explore historical and present-day community heroes , and present their findings in a public forum.

By making a "main course" out of Project Based Learning, students become deeply engaged in their work. They understand how what they learn in school applies to the real world. They develop the skills that will set them up for success in college, career, and life.

So do you know the difference? Here's a little quiz!

Hungry for more you might also like....

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Differences between Coursework and Dissertations: Comparative Analysis


Both Coursework and dissertation are two important aspects that are used in the academic field for the completion of the academic qualifications. Both of them are used to evaluate the student’s or learner’s knowledge, skills and identify their academic progression and grades. Basically, In the academic level usually students have the choice to complete course either by Coursework or dissertations. In most of the universities or colleges students are given choice to complete degree either by coursework or dissertation and thesis


Coursework is a task assigned to students for the fulfillment of their academic requirements. As per the Oxford Dictionary coursework is “Written or practical work done by a student during a course of study usually assessed in order to count towards a final mark or grade.”

Some of the Examples of coursework are: folios of essays, art and craft items, speaking test, practical works, experiments or assignments and etc. [sources: planningtak]

Coursework are effective to Student because of various reasons:

Figure 1: Coursework


A dissertation, sometimes called ‘final year project’ or ‘thesis’ is a long piece of work i.e. research project done at the end times of Undergraduate or post-graduate studies or upper one. According to oxford learners dictionaries dissertation is “a long piece of writing on a particular subject, especially one written for a university degree”.

It is such type of work process where student chooses the subject in which they want to research and comes to a specific conclusion at the end of it. It is research on their own ideology and concept or in others’ work expanding or augmenting others ideas.

Figure 2: Dissertations

Figure 3:Similarities between Coursework and dissertations

However, coursework and dissertations, both are different but, in some case, they have some common elements. Both of them are used in the academic field for the completion of degree. Dissertations are done under the supervision of lecturers or professors and frequent review from teachers can be taken if students want which also needed for coursework if the professor wants. Coursework and dissertation play vital role for the marking and assessment of students for their modules and degree. Both of the them are used to find the capabilities of students and the work they have done based on their works. Grading or marks will be given according to task done in coursework and dissertations.

Benefits of Coursework and dissertations

In coursework, it helps students to understand their work and show their capabilities and what they learn from the specific module. According to “QCA Survey” reports out of 700 teachers 29 % percent teachers thinks Coursework can give a student more experience and helps them to gain skills in particular subject and areas while 25 % think that it make student to learn dept in one particular subject and 23 % percent teacher belief that it is easy to assessed student and is less stressful that 100 % marks exam at final of the year.

From the Research Study Conducted for the “Qualification and Curriculum Authority” from more than 700 subject head about the benefits of coursework on students. [Sources: QCA Survey]

Figure 4:QCA Survey done from over 700 subject heads [sources: QCA]

difference between coursework and project

Coursework helps students to gain more experience and help them to build their skills in the specific subject. It also encourages independent learning. It will help students to work at their own pace as well motivating students. One of the mains benefits is that it will help students to learn the curriculum step by step over the years. Research and investigation skills will be developed and might be main asset for students. It also allows student to select the area of their own interest. It will provide less stress than having 100 % of the marks assessed by an exam at the end of the academic year. It also gives an opportunity for students to earn higher grade. It also removes the burden or relieves of exam pressure. It supports the pupils who have lower abilities. It also allows for redraft [Sources: QCA].

Figure 5:Benefits of Dissertation

In the other hand, dissertations had many significance and benefits. Student can present their research to others or people. Students need a detail with minimum 35 to 100 references in context of student chosen research project [Sources: educationandtrainingissues]. So, students will need to collect, read and analyze the facts and information for supporting their research project. It will show and improves the critical and analyzing thinking of students [Sources: educationandtrainingissues]. The main advantages and challenges of doing dissertations is that it will enhance and boost a wide range of skills, including project planning, project management, market analysis, swot analysis, time management, and possibly, skills to communicate with managers or customers in a real skills business world which student may develop through field worlds interviews, data collections and etc.[sources: Manchester Business School]. Student will obtain good knowledge is specialized areas. It will be demonstrated to students to show and develop their skills, abilities through clear and well-arguments, well-focused literature review, rigorous methods, in-depth analysis etc [sources: Manchester Business School]. Dissertation writing will help students to get better grades in academic writing [sources: all assignment help ].

Differences between Coursework and dissertations:

Figure 6:Differences 1

Figure 7: Differences 2

Figure 8: Differences 3

In most of the universities, colleges and institutions students have choices to complete their study either from coursework or dissertations and thesis. However, coursework and dissertation are used for measuring and completing of academic progress of students of certain level and degree, but there is a distinctive difference on both. Coursework is a short written or practical fixed task assigned by teacher or professor while a dissertation is a long piece of work that students have chosen by themselves as per their interest with no restriction on it until it breaks ethic to certain society, law, areas or etc. However, a professor might give a basic format for dissertations. Coursework is given with certain limitations, format and guidelines or even titles or questions but the dissertation has no limitations like coursework. Coursework answers is around certain areas or even exact to the teacher expected whereas a dissertation does not have exact findings or answers as dissertations is more unique and creative as compared to coursework. Coursework given by teacher will be given by relating specific module like Android, Api and etc. (Sources: softwarica college) as can vee seen in sample in below while dissertation depends upon student will or interest. Coursework does not require dept research and study due to its fixed requirement and format while a dissertation needed a lot of time. Students need to study books, articles and documents related to chosen topic of dissertations [sources: all assignment help]. Coursework boosts the skills relating to a specific area or module and acts as help for a dissertation in main project while dissertations may be done with the skills got from coursework

Planning and process while writing coursework and dissertations:

Doing coursework is a bit challenging task. Basically, there are specific steps that needed to follow while doing coursework effectively and efficiently. Coursework topic or questions initializing and then Discussing the topic or questions with the professor if required and later student Make a plan for the paper. Then students will Select the research method for the coursework. Then, the student will search for information for the coursework relating to its prescribed area or questions then, the student will create an outline and later draft a document and finalize the document by Proofreading and editing. [Sources: myassignmentwriting]. All this process needed to be followed b revolving around requirements and guidelines given by the teachers or professors. survey, collecting data, pilot studies, dealing with the problems with solutions, and preparing a final report. [Sources: www2.le.ac.uk]

Figure 9:Coursework process

While In the case of dissertations the case is totally different as it required proper research and documentation along with times the investment and data collection etc. The basic step and processes that needed to be followed are: Choosing an topic and preparing and proper proposal and getting its approval, After preparing research questions, creating a research plan, procrastination, realistic planning, being organized and methodological while conducting the research, undertaking the literature survey, collecting data, pilot studies, dealing with the problems with solution, preparing an final report.[Sources: myassignmentwriting]

Figure 10:Dissertation process

Challenges and problems student faces while doing dissertations and coursework

It’s not that while doing coursework and dissertation student does not face any challenges or problems, they have. Dissertation is a new challenge for student as they have never done this type of work before in the case of undergraduate. Getting access to data is another big challenge. As the dissertation will have fixed date of submission, so time pressure is also one of the main challenges. As, students choose their desired dissertation topic so learning the new skills and technique is also challenging. There might need a money for buying some items like: licenses for software, api’s and others, so financial status is also one of the challenges [Sources 12]. Choosing titles, and format and documentation is also one of the challenges. [Sources: urbangeekz]. Producing an appropriate quality of writing within the literature review is also challenging [sources: dissertation. laerd].

In another hand, doing the course is also a complicated task. Many challenges that student faces while doing dissertation, same challenges arises while doing Coursework. Time management issues, lack of information, lack of support, external issues & etc. are main challenges [Sources: Wizessay.com ]. The student needed to follow the guidelines, restrictions, format and other criteria as prescribed, to do coursework around it is main challenge that student face as marking and grading is done according to it.


However, Coursework and dissertation has its own distinctive benefit and drawbacks but it plays important role in the academic field for the assessment of students. Coursework is designed for measuring the skills related to specific modules or areas while the dissertation will be based on research what students interests. Students need to do coursework according to specific format and criteria, in the other hand, there is no specific format for dissertations. Students need to invest lots of time in research, data collection, and finding information relevant to the topic along with certain planning while doing coursework there is no need for that as it has predefined questions, titles or task. A student might face many challenges but they need to tackle while doing by following the mentioned process both which will develop their skills, analysis, and creativity of students.


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Scrum Master vs. Project Manager: Differences Explained

While a Scrum master makes sure their team follows Scrum principles, project managers oversee the entirety of a project, including logistics like budget and risk.

[Featured Image] A project manager is presenting a business plan on a whiteboard.

Scrum Masters can be project managers, and project managers can be Scrum masters, but they’re not the same thing. A Scrum Master is a role embedded specifically on a Scrum team, whereas a project manager refers to the professional leading virtually any type of project. And while a Scrum Master’s primary focus is leading a team to follow Scrum principles, a project manager is occupied with the logistical aspects—the budgets, schedules, communication plans—in addition to keeping their team on track and motivated.

Let’s take a closer look at the details.

Scrum Master vs. project manager: What's the difference?

What does a scrum master do.

A Scrum Master is an individual who ensures a project team successfully implements Scrum principles in a project. They can lead team meetings and coach teams on best Scrum practices, while supporting team members and resolving issues that come up. You’ll sometimes hear the Scrum master called a “servant leader” because of the strong supportive role that they play. Scrum master, along with product owner and development team, is one of the three roles on a Scrum team. Specific tasks might include:

Facilitating meetings, including daily stand-ups, sprint planning, and retrospectives

Addressing issues that hinder a team member’s capacity to work

Fostering good communication and teamwork within the team

What is Scrum, exactly?

Scrum is a project management methodology designed for work where change or unpredictability is expected. Scrum is characterized by short daily meetings called daily standups, and short, cumulative work cycles called “sprints.” A sprint typically lasts one to four weeks, and helps the project keep an iterative process to achieving goals, instead of an “all-at-once” approach. Scrum is the most popular Agile methodology, with 66 percent of Agile adopters using Scrum [ 1 ].

Read more:   The 3 Scrum Roles and Responsibilities, Explained

What does a project manager do?

Project managers are professionals that organize a team to ensure projects are completed on time, within budget, and with their goals fulfilled. They are often tasked with leading meetings, creating schedules, managing budgets, liaising between the team and stakeholders, and managing risks. Project manager tasks can include:

Defining project scope and goals

Maintaining consistent communication with stakeholders

Setting a budget and schedule

Creating a communication plan

Managing risk

What's the difference between Scrum Masters and project managers?

Here are the main differences between Scrum Masters and project managers:

Scrum Masters are exclusive to Scrum projects and Scrum teams. Project managers can work on any type of project, like Agile or Waterfall.

While Scrum Masters are focused on making sure a project team is successful, project managers are generally tasked with the logistics of making a project work, like budgeting and risk management.

Is a Scrum Master a project manager?

Yes and no. Scrum Masters practice a type of project management, and will need to have certain project management skills like communication and organizational skills. In this regard, they can be considered project managers. Many project manager job descriptions also ask for experience with Scrum.

However, the Scrum Master on a Scrum team does not necessarily need to be a formal project manager—though they often are. Scrum Masters can be product managers, or professionals with leadership experience from software development, design, or other fields relevant to the project.

Scrum Master vs. project managers: Salaries

Here are the average US salaries for Scrum Masters and project managers according to various salary aggregation websites. Salaries are accurate as of August 2021.

Project managers are often tapped to be Scrum Masters on Scrum teams. But professionals who act solely as Scrum Masters tend to have higher salaries. This may be because Scrum is a specialized field of project management, and can require specific skill sets.

Certifications for Scrum Masters and project managers

Though their roles overlap, there are distinct certifications—and professional paths—that you can consider to enhance your career as a Scrum Master or project manager.

Scrum Master certifications

Below are two common certifications that can make you an official Scrum Master. You can also check out a full list of the most in-demand Scrum certifications .

Certified ScrumMaster (CSM): The CSM, administered by the Scrum Alliance, is the most-mentioned Scrum certification in job descriptions on three different job search sites, according to research by Coursera. You’ll need to take a course and pass an exam to get the certification.

Professional Scrum Master (PSM I): Administered by Scrum.org, the PSM I is an often-cited alternative to the CSM. No coursework is required, but you’ll need to pass an exam to be PSM certified.

Project management certifications and certificates

Project management credentials can help start your career in project management or further your current career.

Project Management Professional (PMP): The PMP is administered by the Project Management Institute and is widely recognized as a leading certification in project management. You’ll need at least three years of project management experience to qualify to take the certification exam.

Certified Associate in Project Management (CAPM): Also administered by the PMI, the CAPM is an entry-level project management certification. You’ll need a secondary degree (that’s a high school diploma or equivalent) and twenty-three hours of project management training to qualify for the certification exam.

Read more: 10 PMI Certifications to Level Up Your Project Management Career

Becoming a Scrum Master or project manager

Maybe you’re a project manager aspiring to be a Scrum Master, or maybe both roles are new to you. Here are a few tips on breaking into each role, regardless of where you stand.

Take a course: If you’re new to Scrum or project management, taking a course online or in-person can help you build foundational knowledge. You can check your local community college for in-person options. Enroll in an online course like the Google Project Management: Professional Certificate to learn the basics of project management and Scrum. 

Build experience: Practical experience can teach you a lot. Try incorporating some elements of your desired role into your current work. Find projects you can help plan or execute, like improving a process in your current workflow. Approaching your manager to tell them you’re interested in project management or Scrum can be helpful as well.

Get certified: The process of getting a certification can help you learn plenty about your target role. Plus, certifications can signal to employers your level of competency—a huge plus if you don’t have much relevant experience. Aspiring Scrum Masters should look at Scrum certifications like the CSMor PSM I. The CAPM is an entry-level project management certification.

Looking for more details? Read up on how to become a project manager in 5 steps .

Project managers and Scrum Masters can go on to become product managers, Scrum coaches, or operations managers.


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Skills you'll build:

Organizational Culture, Career Development, Strategic Thinking, Change Management, Project Management, Stakeholder Management, Business Writing, Project Charter, Project Planning, Risk Management, Task Estimation, Procurement, Quality Management, Project Execution, Coaching, Influencing, Agile Management, Problem Solving, Scrum, Effective Communication

Frequently asked questions (FAQ)

Is scrum master a good career ‎.

Being a Scrum Master can be rewarding if you like working with people, are organized, and like to problem solve. Scrum is a process that embraces change. If you’re excited by that prospect, it’s a field worth considering. ‎

What’s an Agile project manager? ‎

An Agile project manager is a project manager who incorporates Agile principles into their project management. Since Scrum is an Agile methodology, Scrum Masters may be considered Agile project managers. ‎

What’s a product owner? ‎

A product owner is one of the three roles on a Scrum team, in addition to the Scrum Master and the development team. They are responsible for making sure the project is aligned with the overall goals of the product that the team is contributing to. ‎

Related articles

What Is a Scrum Master (and How Do I Become One)?

7 In-Demand Scrum Master Certifications 2022

How to Get a PMP Certification: An Overview

11 Key Project Management Skills

How to Become a Project Manager in 5 Steps

Article sources

1. Digital.ai. " 15th State of Agile Report , https://stateofagile.com/#." Accessed August 30, 2021.

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What is the difference between a course- and thesis- based degree?



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Computer Science

Thesis, Project and Course-based MS Degrees

The number of hours for the graduate degree as described in this web page will be effective in Summer 2018. In the CS and CNSA MS degree programs (but not CC), a student must select one of the three options of thesis, project, or course-based to complete the degree. Each option has a specific number of required courses as well as other requirements, as described below.

Thesis Option

A student under the thesis option must take seven (7) courses (21 semester hours) at or above the 5000 level, plus at least nine (9) hours of CIS 5970r, Thesis. At most nine (9) hours of CIS 5970r can be counted toward the required 30 hours for the MS degree. The seven courses must include at least one course from each area as described above. Approved offerings of CIS 5930/6930 Special Topics are counted towards the 7 courses, but supervised teaching, supervised research, seminars, DIS and CIS 5915 (project hours) cannot be included. The thesis is defended by registering for CIS 8976 Master’s Thesis Defense (0).

The student in the thesis option is required to propose and create an individual thesis topic of appropriate focus, size and complexity and to write a document discussing it. The thesis proposal must be approved by the supervisory committee. The thesis is to be written in accordance with the University standards. Upon completion, a thesis must be successfully defended to the department in an open forum, and be unanimously approved by the major professor and supervisory committee. An electronic version of the thesis must be submitted to the university as well as the CS webmaster, and CS graduate coordinator.

Project Option

A student under the project option must take eight (8) courses (24 semester hours) at or above the 5000 level, plus at least six (6) hours of CIS 5915r Graduate Software Project. At most six (6) hours of CIS 5915 can be counted toward the required 30 hours for the MS degree. The eight courses must include at least one from each of the areas described above. Approved offerings of CIS 5930/6930 Special Topics are counted towards the 8 courses, but supervised teaching, supervised research, seminars, DIS, and CIS 5970 (thesis hours) cannot be included. The student must also register for CIS 8974(0) to defend the project.

The student in the project option is required to propose and create an individual project of appropriate focus, size, and complexity and to write a document discussing it. The project proposal must be approved by the major professor and supervisory committee. The project document should be written with direction from the major professor and supervisory committee and in accordance with the description given at Master’s Project . Upon completion, both the project and the document must be successfully defended to the department in an open forum with unanimous approval from the major professor and supervisory committee. An electronic version of the project must be submitted to the CS webmaster, and CS graduate coordinator.

Course-based Option

A student under the course-based option must take ten (10) courses (30 semester hours) at or above the 5000 level, including at least one course from each of the three core areas described above. Approved CIS 5930/6930 Special Topics are counted towards the 10 courses, but supervised teaching, supervised research, seminars, DIS, CIS 5970 and CIS 5915 cannot be included. A student must earn a grade of B+ or higher for at least 6 of the 10 courses in order to graduate in the course-based option. The student must also register for CIS 8966, Master’s Comprehensive Exam (0) the semester of graduation (effective Spring 2005).

Supervisory Committee

For the thesis and project options, it is the student’s responsibility to form a supervisory committee regardless of his or her selected major. No later than the start of work on the thesis or project, the student will secure the consent of an eligible computer science faculty member to serve as the major professor. In consultation with the major professor, the student will secure the consent of at least two additional graduate faculty members to serve as the supervisory committee, chaired by the major professor.

Related Articles

Difference between Program, Project and Product

1. Program : There are multiple usages of a computer system in the world today. One of such use is observed while writing programs. Programs are instructions given to a computer to perform a specific task. It is a medium of communicating with the computer system.

2. Project : Project is an innovative endeavor to create a software that has not already been made. The projects are undertaken by the software team on the request of an enterprise. It has to go through seven stages to reach completion. The phases involve designing, testing, coding, maintenance etc.

3. Product : The Software project undergoes request analysis, designing, coding, testing, integration and maintenance phases. After all the phases are completed, a product is formed. This is a software made to solve a unique problem. The products are made in larger numbers for the purpose of distribution.

Difference between Program, Project and Product :

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A-Plus Homework Help For College Students

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How to Write Coursework

By: Angelina Grin

How to Write Coursework

Difference Between Coursework And Assignment

Types of coursework explained, how to write coursework: guide for students, good coursework topics, research data collection, secondary data, primary data, writing a coursework outline, what is an introduction, a great coursework body, a moving coursework conclusion, coursework writing tips for college students, important things to remember.

Impactful courseworks is one of the most important tasks a student has to compose in his college life. It's one of the most important bits of scholarly literature. The work of the course plays an incredibly significant part in having a decent result for a student. If the coursework is good, the student is likely to get good grades and guidance. A lot of studies and hard work is going into writing coursework.

Courseworks is a curriculum-mandated written work that students typically have to do beyond regular classroom hours. Coursework is a written or realistic work undertaken by a pupil during a course of study, typically measured to count against a final mark or grade of school or university. And we can get any assistance to students who need courseworks writing service, even if they need nursing coursework help .

The distinction between the courseworks and the assignment is that the assignment is any job that you need to perform in the study period (testing, homework, etc.) whilst the coursework is a longer work that incorporates the analysis method and involves the comprehension of all the course materials.

To give you a clearer understanding of how coursework definition  differs from one subject to another, here are a few examples:

English courseworks typically takes the form of an extended essay with the title of your choosing. You typically have a choice of themes and/or texts to pursue, there may be different styles for every type, e.g.daramy may have different styles.

Technology courseworks for science subjects frequently takes the form of a scientific project or experiment that you perform and document on yourself.

Geography Courseworks typically focuses on the compilation, reporting, and evaluation of data intended to address a specific geographical query. For example, you might analyze the use of a shopping Centre or look at the erosion of a specific beach.

Math Coursework

Typical math courseworks consists of an examination of historical evidence on the topic of study, an overview of the literature, and related calculations.

Management System Coursework

Business administration and Management System courseworks includes accounting, economics, finance, management, and business growth.

So how to start the work of the courseworks? Or How to write the course work? how to write the course work? Like every other academic piece, some certain rules and criteria decide what makes courseworks successful and outstanding. Students must consider any of the following points in writing to score a successful grade in school or university and avoid disqualifying their paper:

Students are not permitted to request assistance from teachers or fellow students of university or school until they are qualified or trained in a community course. However, the teacher is only required to provide instructions about how to treat a document and to point out particular areas that are objectively reviewed by the examiners.

Students are expected to prevent plagiarism. It is a law that, if committed, is deemed to be a serious academic crime. Under this law, the student is required to apply an original work written and not copied from another source. This is tested by using different plagiarism control tools.

Therefore, students should make sure that their own words are part of their work by signing a statement affirming that this is your piece of work.

Also, a student must check that the word counts on their document and ensure that the word limits are set without reference to appendices, references, and footnotes.

Students must be keen and alert when choosing subjects to prevent writing about an incorrect subject that is not addressed by the courseworks. Before printing, the topic already addressed should either be reviewed or debated with the faculty concerned.

Choosing a Topic for Your Project

Being able to select relevant subjects is a valuable ability for every student. It is very important to write a decent piece. It is a mandatory part of the degree.

The value of writing good courseworks will cause students to feel an immense and looming weight hanging over their heads as time progresses, but if you know a few key steps in selecting the right study topics, it can be fast, simple, and even enjoyable.

If your task involves analysis, choose the subject on which you can find the content. Choose the topic where extensive debates can be found.

After you've chosen a topic, don't be afraid to change it if it doesn't work out.

The choice of the subject of the courseworks is the most critical stage of its writing. It depends on your preference whether you're writing it conveniently and rapidly or postponing it for the next three months. A strong subject brings insight and motivation, a poor one breaks the will to learn.

There are three potential options for selecting a topic:

An individual  choice of subject is an incentive to pick the most interesting field of study for you. However, we do not suggest using this option if you do not understand the topic and what you can study there.

Data collection is a method of obtaining information from all accessible sources to find solutions to the study issue, to validate the theory, and to analyze the findings. Data collection methods can be classified into two categories: secondary data collection methods and primary data collection methods.

Secondary data is a form of data that has already been published in books, articles, magazines, libraries, journals, news, web portals, etc. There is an abundance of data accessible in these outlets about your field of study of market studies, almost irrespective of the quality of the research region. The implementation of an appropriate set of parameters for the collection of secondary data to be used in the analysis thus plays an important role in raising the degree of legitimacy and reliability of the research or hypothesis.

Primary data collection approaches can be classified into two categories: quantitative and qualitative.

Quantitative Data

Quantitative data processing techniques are based on statistical equations in diverse formats. Quantitative data collection and interpretation approaches include closed-ended questionnaires, correlation, and regression methods, mean, form and median, and other resources.

Qualitative Analysis

Qualitative analysis techniques, on the other hand, do not require statistics or statistical equations. Qualitative analysis is closely related to words, sounds, thoughts, attitudes, colors, and other non-quantifiable components.

A thorough overview of the coursework helps students to evaluate the courseworks following their academic needs, to understand better what is required of them and how they can benefit from the learning.

There are several potential components of the outline of the course, but the general outline of the course is presented below and can be adapted to fit within different organizational training systems and developing a coursework outline guide is an easy way to standardize the course descriptions and catalog information for subsequent updates or offers.

The following parts should be included in the courseworks outline:

How to Write an Introduction for Coursework?

Why does it matter? In certain situations, the intro shows the extent of your understanding of the subject, and thus, even though the main body of your work is written perfectly, you still have high chances to fail in university or school if you don't know how to write the intro!

We are listing a few tips and tricks How to write the guide to the coursework in the most effective manner.

Courseworks is a typical form of analytical writing that is given to students and is typically meant to test their knowledge and to decide the final score. The intro to this paper is the first paragraph, which outlines the key problems, goals, and objectives of the work as a whole, and includes a topic that reveals the importance of the theme chosen.

Get a proposal, man! Many students who don't know how to write decent introductory courseworks make this mistake. It is advised that you should have a thorough outline, no matter whether you are writing an article on History, a term paper on English literature, a report on geography, a business plan, or a C3 course! Why? Why? And if you have a strategy, you'll be able to write a decent job effectively, comfortably, and efficiently!

And how can you write an introduction to the courseworks? To build a strong intro that meets all the criteria, take the reader's attention, and give you a high ranking for your article, you need to follow these basic steps:

The body is where the key point is put out and thoroughly formed by the writer. Each paragraph should include a central point that explicitly supports an argument. The follow-up should confirm all key points and be backed up by substantial evidence. The body of the article is the building block for the assignment. The body paragraph would be very readable if it does not contain big chunks of text. Easy paragraphs of 4-5 lines are enough.

The conclusion is a very important part, it provides an end result and an important point of work. A well-written conclusion allows you a variety of valuable chances to explain to the reader your general interpretation of the research topic. This includes the following:

In a general style,

Coursework writing is an academic task given to students that leads to the achievement of good grades. A study by the student, his method, structure, content, and writing style can differ from assignment to assignment.

Have Your Time Cool And Take Your Time

It is highly advised that you commence your job as soon as possible. Start early and take your time to finish your task. Keep cool so that your tension does not impede your assignment results.

Divide the Job Into the Pieces

Don't finish the whole task in one sitting. Find your productive time every day and split your workload accordingly. In this way, you will pay more attention to the substance of your task. You may also prevent errors by checking the previously done job each time you continue to do so.

The study is the first and most critical factor in the writing of courseworks. Make sure you use reliable resources for incredible writing. For this reason, you can use a range of outlets, such as archives, the internet, news, content is written by expert writers and classroom lectures.

Managing Time

Organize yourself and make a plan as soon as you start working on your assignment. Follow the schedule set to prevent writing hastily near the deadline. In the case of emergency cases, please ensure that you set the deadline for finishing your work before the date of the request.

Ask for Help

An unclear mind cannot produce quality work. If you are unable to understand your topic you should ask your teacher for help and check all available coursework writing service resources. It is always better to take guidance from the teacher who assigns you the work.

Check for Errors

Always sure you proofread the work before you file it. Go through your task to locate spelling and grammatical errors. It's a smart idea to send your task to someone with strong skills and vocabulary for proofreading. You should also pay particular attention to the look of your job.

Evitate Plagiarism

Many students copy the content from the internet as they run out of time to apply their coursework. It's a really bad idea and it's going to make you miss your marks. You may consider materials from any source, but your content should be original. And if possible, include correct quotations.

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difference between coursework and project

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Know the Difference Between Projects and Programs

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Programs, on the other hand, are groups of related projects that are run as a group toward producing a common benefit. A project is content-specific, while a program focuses on the benefits. Developing a web application for ticket registration (air, travel, or rail) to generate revenue is an example of a project. Developing a group of functionalities or applications related to analytics and generating leads through marketing for the desired outcome of customer conversion might be a program (with the individual components of its projects). 

Due to the value and benefits both bring, skilled project and program managers are always in demand throughout the world. In this article we will discuss the following point of differences between projects and programs:

Benefits Realization

Change management.

Portfolios, Programs, and Projects

A portfolio organizes programs, projects , sub-portfolios, sub-programs, and operations to facilitate business benefits (i.e., maximize profitability). In the diagram below (Diagram 1.0), the organization groups its initiatives, investments, projects, and programs through portfolios or lines of business aligning to the organization's benefits. The program can have a group of projects or programs under them aligned to the respective portfolio or sub-portfolio. 

Resources are efficiently utilized (moved, managed, or optimized) between programs and projects to maximize the benefits of the organization. Projects can also exist independently and need not be grouped under programs. Programs will be used in their standard manner within the portfolio, with each program managing its projects’ dependencies, program-level risks, and flow of information between projects.


Some Fundamental Differences Between Projects and Programs

Projects are focused on delivering defined outputs; programs are focused on realizing benefits. As a program manager, one of the most important responsibilities is initiating projects to create the outputs required to achieve the program's objectives.

Generally, a project represents a single, focused effort. Programs are collections of projects together that constitute a complete package of work. The program's overall objectives are achieved through the complementarity of the various projects.

The characteristics of projects and programs make them valuable for different reasons. Understanding these differences assist one in determining the application of projects or programs. Although this isn’t a comprehensive list, it provides a broad understanding and provides anyone wishing to take advantage of these tools a strong complete list. 

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PMP Plus Master's Program

These are only a few differences between programs and projects. The following topics are more specific to the tactical implementation of these two tools.

Commercial organizations pursue commercial benefits. Non-commercial organizations seek benefits such as improved health, safety, or security. Since projects focus on deliverables that meet objectives, organizations can use projects to ensure controlled change where the projects are concentrated. Businesses can also use programs to realize benefits between projects. To compare the difference in focus on benefits realization between the two, there are two documents that assist a project manager in performing benefits realization:

In comparison, a program (if formal) will document, monitor, and administer benefits identification, benefits analysis and planning, benefits delivery, benefits transition, and benefits sustainment. This demonstrates the level of analysis and control of expected benefits when comparing programs to projects.

The management of change should be considered formal. Whether the change is at the project or program level, change is approved, applied, and verified when it is necessary. Program management ensures a consistent level of performance from the components of the program. Change, therefore, is integrated between projects and between projects and the administrative work that supports the program. In comparison, projects use change to control variance from planned cost and schedule while protecting various aspects and characteristics of the planned outputs. 

Risk is uncertainty—we don’t know if it will indeed occur, and if it does, it might generate an impact. Projects always work towards minimizing or avoiding risk as it can impact the project severely. Projects exist in an environment where the output, benefits, or outcome of the work may be uncertain and unpredictable. Since projects have more or less fixed constraints at the outset, there is a lower chance of certainty. 

In comparison, programs at their start are a little less defined and may have more significant uncertainty than projects, even projects that define the programs. The same occurs throughout the life of the projects— as the projects progress, they become more defined. Programs can change around projects to ensure the stability of the projects and therefore contribute to the projects’ success. This, in turn, ensures less risk for projects and greater risk for the programs

Projects and programs may respond to complexity in different ways and due to different types of complexity, but generally respond to complexity in similar ways: it takes more time and increases uncertainty to both. Program complexity may arise from governance, stakeholders , definition (agreement of the future state among stakeholders), benefits delivery, and interdependency (connections between components). Project complexity arises from organizational complexity (depth of the organization structure as well as the number of organizational units) and dynamic complexity (the project’s behavior and how it changes over time).

Governance is the monitoring, management, and support applied to meet goals. For projects, the goals support the deliverable and its enablement of objectives. For programs, governance establishes program support and maintains oversight. Another difference between projects and programs regarding governance is the way it is implemented. In projects, governance is implemented and integrated through a collection of organizational, project, and stakeholder requirements and constraints.

Role of a Project Manager

The job of the project manager is to lead and manage—direct the team, engage the stakeholders, and influence and motivate. They take over-arching responsibility for the project and use that comprehensive vision to motivate and influence. They may not know how to perform all the skills required to build the deliverable, but through knowledge of management and leadership, they can bring diverse skills together and support an environment that leads to a successful outcome.

Simplilearn offers a great project management package called Digital Project Manager that can empower you to stay relevant and ahead of the curve.

Role of a Program Manager

In comparison, a program manager is authorized to lead the team or teams responsible for achieving program objectives. They maintain responsibility for leadership, performance, and conduct of a program, and build teams capable of achieving those objectives. Therefore, the program manager will monitor outputs and outcomes of component activities and ensure the program adapts appropriately to those activities.

Course Aligned with PMI-PMP & IASSC-Lean Six Sigma

Course Aligned with PMI-PMP & IASSC-Lean Six Sigma

Become Equipped with the Right Knowledge for Project and Program Management

Although programs may be larger than the sum of their projects, they will be so because they serve the strategic needs of an organization, instead of the tactical demands of the individual projects. These two roles have different focuses, different skills, and responsibilities, and are valued within organizations for various reasons. To understand the components and capabilities of each is to know why organizations value both project and program management. Simplilearn’s  PMP Certification Training Course can provide excellent insights into project management and equip you with the right skills and tools to become a great project manager.

1. What is Product Management?

Product management is all about looking after a business product end-to-end. Right from creating it, to fixing problems and upgrading it based on feedback, product management deals with all these things. 

2. What is Program Management?

A program has multiple projects involved in it. Program Management is the process of overlooking large scale deliveries. 

3. What is the difference between a program and a project?

A project focuses on a single, focused endeavor. Whereas, a program has several projects involved in it. 

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Simplilearn is one of the world’s leading providers of online training for Digital Marketing, Cloud Computing, Project Management, Data Science, IT, Software Development, and many other emerging technologies.

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Program Manager vs. Project Manager: Know the Differences and How to Become Either One

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  1. Coursework vs Project

    As nouns the difference between coursework and project is that coursework is work carried out by students of a particular course; it is assessed and counts towards the grade given while project is a planned endeavor, usually with a specific goal and accomplished in several steps or stages. As a verb project is to extend beyond a surface. coursework

  2. Coursework or research?

    What's the difference between Postgraduate Degree coursework and Higher Degree Research? At UTS, you could pursue postgraduate studies by coursework or research. Postgraduate Degree Coursework Doing it by coursework means, you'll attend classes, write assessments, sit for exams and work your way through a set of subjects - a structured program. You could potentially add a research project ...

  3. Course Objectives & Learning Outcomes

    Learning outcomes are specific statements of what students will be able to do when they successfully complete a learning experience (whether it's a project, course or program). They are always written in a student-centered, measurable fashion that is concise, meaningful, and achievable. Learning Outcomes at the University or Program Level

  4. What exactly is the difference between coursework based, thesis based

    Project Based Program Like the research based programs, there is less coursework you have to finish but instead of research, you work on a significant project. I think these tend to be more flexible and don't have to be as research intensive. Useful for: if you want to get into industry and not academia 16.6K views View upvotes

  5. "Doing a Project" vs. Project Based Learning

    The project work creates a genuine need for students to learn grade-level content and skills, while working collaboratively, thinking critically and engaging in reflection and revision. Students see how their work has an impact in the real world.

  6. Understanding Programs and Projects

    While most programs are likely to be larger, more complex, and less certain than most projects, the key differentiator between a program and a project is, as described earlier, their objective. Programs are focused on realizing benefits; projects are focused on delivering defined outputs.

  7. What is the difference between course-based and project-based ...

    aNYDAY, A pROJECT bASED mASTERS quALIFICATION WILL HAVE BETTER VALUE FOR JOB OPENINGS IN THAT SEGMENT. In contrast, a Course based Masters' Degree equips you with Masters' level competence to tackle problems of the indutry, and also puts yooooooou on track towards advanced studies in the subject area.

  8. Program Manager vs. Project Manager: What's the Difference?

    The differences between project managers and program managers can be broken down largely into three main points: Program managers oversee groups of projects, while project managers lead individual projects. This makes the program manager more of a strategic player than the project manager. Program managers tend to have more managerial duties ...

  9. Differences between Coursework and Dissertations: Comparative Analysis

    Coursework boosts the skills relating to a specific area or module and acts as help for a dissertation in main project while dissertations may be done with the skills got from coursework Planning and process while writing coursework and dissertations: Doing coursework is a bit challenging task.

  10. Course vs Coursework

    As nouns the difference between course and coursework is that course is a sequence of events while coursework is work carried out by students of a particular course; it is assessed and counts towards the grade given. As a verb course is to run or flow (especially of liquids and more particularly blood). As an adverb course

  11. Scrum Master vs. Project Manager: Differences Explained

    Here are the main differences between Scrum Masters and project managers: Scrum Masters are exclusive to Scrum projects and Scrum teams. Project managers can work on any type of project, like Agile or Waterfall. While Scrum Masters are focused on making sure a project team is successful, project managers are generally tasked with the logistics ...

  12. What is the difference between a course- and thesis- based degree

    Course-based. Training for specific job skills; Theoretical - practical; More prescribed by the program; Surveys of techniques; Thesis-based. Training for career skills (e.g. active project management and problem-solving skills) Knowledge development via scientific publications; Mentor-apprentice relationship; Explore an area of interest in ...

  13. Thesis, Project and Course-based MS Degrees

    A student under the thesis option must take seven (7) courses (21 semester hours) at or above the 5000 level, plus at least nine (9) hours of CIS 5970r, Thesis. At most nine (9) hours of CIS 5970r can be counted toward the required 30 hours for the MS degree. The seven courses must include at least one course from each area as described above.

  14. Capstone Project vs. Thesis: What's the Difference?

    One of the primary differences between a thesis and a capstone is the scholarly nature of the thesis, which allows you to contribute valuable research to your field of study . Putting Your Thesis Together

  15. Difference between Program, Project and Product

    2. Project : Project is an innovative endeavor to create a software that has not already been made. The projects are undertaken by the software team on the request of an enterprise. It has to go through seven stages to reach completion. The phases involve designing, testing, coding, maintenance etc. 3. Product :

  16. How to Write Coursework

    The distinction between the courseworks and the assignment is that the assignment is any job that you need to perform in the study period (testing, homework, etc.) whilst the coursework is a longer work that incorporates the analysis method and involves the comprehension of all the course materials. Types of Coursework Explained

  17. PRINCE2 vs. PMP: What's the Difference?

    It's based on its own principles and best practices. PRINCE2 focuses on the necessary frameworks and processes for successful projects. PMP uses a knowledge-based methodology. It's based on the PMBOK. PMP focuses on the techniques and skills you need to manage and deliver projects successfully.

  18. What is the Difference Between Project and Program [Updated]

    Some Fundamental Differences Between Projects and Programs Projects are focused on delivering defined outputs; programs are focused on realizing benefits. As a program manager, one of the most important responsibilities is initiating projects to create the outputs required to achieve the program's objectives.