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The Importance of Logical Thinking in the Workplace

Definition & examples of logical thinking.

Alison Doyle is one of the nation’s foremost career experts.

logical thinking view meaning

What Is Logical Thinking?

What is deductive reasoning, the importance of logical thinking, examples of logical thinking.

What is logical thinking, and why is it important to employers? The word "logic" comes from the Greek word meaning "reason." Employers place a high value on workers who display strong logical thinking or reasoning skills because their  decision making  is based on factual data. In most cases, organizations don’t want employees making decisions influenced by emotions instead of facts. 

Logical thinkers observe and analyze phenomena, reactions, and feedback and then draw conclusions based on that input.  They can justify their strategies, actions, and decisions based on the facts they gather.

Logical thinkers don't go with their gut or develop a strategy because it "feels right." Logical thinking also requires clarifying assumptions and setting aside biases, as far as possible. Here's an example:

A sales representative modifies a presentation about a product to highlight its user-friendly qualities after receiving feedback from customers indicating that ease of use was the primary reason that they had purchased the product. 

Logical thinkers can also  reason deductively . They can identify an acceptable premise and apply it to situations that they encounter on the job. Here's an example:

An organization may work with a core belief that employees are more productive if they have control over the ways they carry out their responsibilities. A manager could demonstrate logical thinking using deductive reasoning by meeting with subordinates, communicating department goals, and structuring a brainstorming session for staff to decide methods for reaching those objectives. 

Logical thinking helps all employees process facts and implement reasonable solutions rather than acting solely on their emotions. A strategy set based on logic may also be more compelling to other employees than a feeling-based strategy. 

The following are some examples of logical thinking in the workplace. Take a look at this list, and think about situations at work where you have used logic and facts—rather than feelings—to work toward a solution or set a course of action.

How to Demonstrate Logical Thinking as a Candidate

During job interviews, you likely won't hear an  interview question  that directly mentions logical thinking. That is, interviewers won't say, "Tell me an example of a time you used logic at work." Instead, an interviewer may say, "Tell me about the steps you took to determine the next stages in that project you mentioned." Or, they may ask, "How would you respond if a newly launched product received negative feedback?" 

In your answers to questions like this, you want to outline the steps you'd take for the given scenario.

Walk through the process you'd use to arrive at a decision—or share an example of how you set a strategy in the past.

You can talk about what questions you asked, data you pulled, or research you analyzed to come to conclusions. This will help showcase your logical thinking skills. 

You can also emphasize logical thinking abilities in your resume or cover letter. Again, you'll just want to outline your process. For instance, instead of simply saying, "Created a new training program," you could add more details:

"Solicited and analyzed customer feedback, then created a new employee training program to address areas of weakness and standardize employee performance."

As a reminder, employers seek candidates with a track record of logical thinking because it ensures a smooth decision-making process. 

Springer. " Logical Reasoning and Learning ." Accessed June 15, 2021.

American Psychological Association. " Deductive Reasoning ." Accessed June 15, 2021.

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logical thinking view meaning

What Is a Logical Thinker? (With Definition and Examples)

Updated November 22, 2022

The Indeed Editorial Team comprises a diverse and talented team of writers, researchers and subject matter experts equipped with Indeed's data and insights to deliver useful tips to help guide your career journey.

As an employee, there are many skills you can apply or develop to improve workplace success. Logical thinking is an important skill that employers value and look for in candidates. If you want to improve your performance at work and make better decisions, learning to think logically is essential. In this article, we explain what a logical thinker is, describe why logical thinking is important, outline ways of improving your logical thinking skills, and highlight ways to show logical thinking.

What is a logical thinker?

A logical thinker observes situations, reactions, feedback, or tasks and makes rational conclusions. Similar to critical thinking, logical thinking involves objectively studying a situation and using reasoning to develop a viable solution or generate ideas. These skills involve identifying patterns, correlations, and trends that can influence decision-making. Logical thinkers can justify their strategies, actions, and decisions because their conclusions arise from available facts. For example, suppose a customer has difficulty with downloading an application. A software developer who thinks logically would observe the situation and develop better applications based on their observation.

Logical thinkers may also reason deductively, which means developing solutions or generating ideas from a previous statement or action. For example, suppose a marketing team's research returns results about how frequently children break toys. They may use this information to recommend the manufacturing department produces more durable toys based on the market insights, and to provide a higher quality product to improve customer satisfaction.

Why is thinking logically important?

Logical thinking is important because it helps you overcome challenges at work. These skills are also useful in reasoning through important decisions and setting professional goals, which can all affect your career. Whether you just entered the workforce or want to advance your career, you want to make good decisions and apply effective strategies. Becoming a logical thinker can help you stay productive and make conclusions without relying on your emotions but your reasoning. Evaluate your logical thinking skills to determine what aspects to develop that can benefit you and your employers.

Ways to develop your logical thinking skills

Here are some strategies you can use to enhance your logical thinking skills:

Practise creative interests

Aside from making you more creative, activities such as painting, drawing, and playing music can promote logical thinking. These creative outlets involve generating ideas or solving problems, which can help you become better at reaching rational conclusions. For example, learning to play the piano typically requires you to study the instrument, observe feedback from playing notes, and drawing conclusions on what each key does. It also involves concentration, which you can apply or develop to approach your work more intently.

Engaging in creative activities also helps to achieve a better work-life balance. If you can manage stress levels, you typically focus more on making logical decisions at work. For example, professionals who can plan and deal with stressors, such as long hours, typically make logical decisions consistently.

Ask thoughtful questions

Another way to develop your logical thinking skills is to question what you previously considered as facts. Regularly questioning situations can help find out more about topics and establish relationships.

For example, if you work in sales and want to know about affiliate marketing, you can consider asking an employee in the marketing department for an informational interview to learn about this marketing aspect. Doing this can help you make conclusions about affiliate marketing and make better decisions on whether to explore it to improve sales. Asking questions about topics that genuinely interest you can help to improve your logical thinking skills quickly.

Build professional relationships

Socializing with others can expand your perspective on situations and events, providing more opportunities to enhance your logical thinking skills. For example, if you join a professional organization, you may learn how other professionals in your industry make logical decisions and come to conclusions.

There are various ways to develop professional relationships with others. For example, you may take part in activities you both enjoy or simply meet over coffee to discuss common interests regularly. These relationships may be with a friend, colleague, mentor, or career coach. Establishing a mutually beneficial relationship to develop logical thinking can help you handle more responsibilities at work and advance your career.

Learn a new skill

A new skill can help to develop your logic skills. For example, you may develop an interest in computer programming and learn to write computer codes, a process that requires logical and creative thinking. Such skills can help you approach workplace issues or projects thoughtfully and improve your ability to reach logical conclusions. Evaluate what skill interests you and how you can learn how to think logically during the learning process. You may also take part in training sessions on logical thinking, such as workshops, online courses, and programs.

Try to anticipate outcomes

Anticipating the result of your decisions can also affect your ability to reach logical conclusions and make decisions. When you think of a solution or an idea, try to determine the outcome. With practice, you typically find it easier to anticipate the long-term impact of your decisions, which is an important aspect of thinking logically. Anticipating outcomes can also help you show more attention to observing or studying workplace situations. For example, suppose you have a short deadline for a project. By anticipating the result of delegating some tasks, you can determine whether delegation is an effective decision to take.

Examples of logical thinking during a job interview

Review the following examples of how you can showcase logical thinking during interviews:

Example 1: an entry-level role

This example presents how recruits can show logical thinking during interviews:

In an interview with company managers, an interviewer asked Mark to describe his logical thinking skills. Aside from mentioning how he applied these skills while in school, he discussed his eagerness to explore new ideas and concepts. Mark also described how showing enthusiasm for learning benefited him in previous positions, creating a logical progression for the interviewer.

Example 2: a mid-level role

This example outlines how managers can show they are logical thinkers during interviews:

An interviewer asked Cynthia a hypothetical question about an industry concept. Cynthia used this opportunity to show her logical thinking skills. She offered multiple responses to the question to show she can think beyond the obvious answers. She also describes her thought process for reaching logical decisions.

Example 3: a senior-level role

This example describes how a director can show logical thinking during an interview:

Alex applied to become a company's director of communications. During their interview, they explain how they used their logic skills throughout their career. In particular, they outline a previous situation where they conducted market research before determining the company's customer communication policy and strategies for interacting with stakeholders. Alex also detailed how their approach led to a 60% increase in customer engagement and improved stakeholder interest in the company's activities.

Examples of logical thinking in the workplace

Here are ways to demonstrate logical thinking in the workplace:

Example 1: an entry-level employee

This example shows how recruits can outline their logical thinking skills at work:

Kelvin receives a company memo of the decision to adopt energy-efficient manufacturing applications. He observes the current manufacturing applications and activities of employees in the manufacturing department. Eventually, he informs upper management of his recommendation to use high-efficiency heating, cooling equipment, and extra insulation based on their request.

Example 2: a mid-level employee

This example describes how managers can demonstrate logical thinking in the workplace:

Derek receives a managerial promotion after working at a company for 11 years. To ensure an effective transition, company executives require him to designate an employee to take his supervisory role. He compares the leadership behaviours of prospective candidates on the team before deciding on who to designate as team leader.

Example 3: a senior-level employee

This example outlines how directors and senior managers can show logical thinking at work:

As a company director, Aisha oversees the activities of department managers and monitors progress using the reports they provide. She analyzes progress reports from each manager at the end of her quarter. Aisha uses the progress reports to determine the best approach to improving productivity and employee motivation within each department.

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The ability of an individual to think in a disciplined manner or base his thoughts on facts and evidence is known as his logical thinking skills. Very simply, logical thinking skills mean incorporating logic into one’s thinking process whenever analyzing a problem on order to come up with a solution.

Logical thinking skills require and involve a progressive analysis, for example, by weighing all available options, using facts and figures, and making important decisions based on the pros and cons. They do not take into account the elements of feelings and emotions.

Why is logical thinking important

Logical thinking skills are essential to the health of any workplace environment. People at any level can be called and expected to resolve problems that are inherent to the area of their expertise. Therefore, the more logical thinking skills are utilized in a workplace; the better will be the decision-making process with fewer mistakes.

Logical thinking skills helps us improve ourselves in many ways, for example, by forcing intellectual self-improvement because you consider hard facts even when you are assessing your own performance. They also help you become a better team player because you are unlikely to let you emotions, such as your ego, cloud your judgment.

They also tend to increase your capability of being creative because you tend to make as many logical connections, across subjects, as possible. All these improvements on an individual level tend to translate to organizational success eventually.

How to improve your logical thinking skills

Following are some tips that shall prove very useful in improving your logical thinking skills:

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The Most Important Logical Thinking Skills (With Examples)

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Logical Thinking Skills That You Need to Have

Examples of logical thinking in the workplace, what is deductive reasoning, demonstrating logical thinking at a job interview, logical thinking skills faq, final thoughts.

Summary. Important logical thinking skills for the workplace include critical-thinking, research, and creative thinking skills. Logical thinking skills allow you to present your justification for the actions you take, the strategies you use, and the decisions you make. While there is a time and place for emotions, you cannot afford to base your work-related decisions on emotions. Your gut instinct will also come in handy during certain times. But subjective reasoning and decision-making can cause issues for everyone. That’s because it’s based on assumptions and influenced by your own biases. Most employers want people that take into account the facts and data they receive before deciding on a course of action. That is because this kind of decision-making provides a more accurate and appropriate solution to a problem. It is more objective. Such solutions will ensure the organization’s processes can continue to operate more efficiently. The likelihood of dealing with costly mistakes is much lower. Thus, it will save the organization money in the long term. Therefore, logical thinking skills are important. You need to develop these skills if you want to be an asset to your employer. Key Takeaways: Logical thinking is problem solving based on reasoning that follows a strictly structured progression of analysis. Critical thinking, research, creativity, mathematics, reading, active listening, and organization are all important logical thinking skills in the workplace. Logical thinking provides objectivity for decision making that multiple people can accept. Deduction follows valid premises to reach a logical conclusion. It can be very helpful to demonstrate logical thinking skills at a job interview. What Is Logical Thinking?

Logical thinking is the ability to reason out an issue after observing and analyzing it from all angles . You can then form a conclusion that makes the most sense. It also includes the ability to take note of reactions and feedback to aid in the formation of the conclusion.

Logical thinking skills enable you to present your justification for the actions you take, the strategies you use, and the decisions you make. You can easily stand in front of your clients, peers, and supervisors and defend your product, service, and course of action if the necessity arises.

Logical thinking is an excellent way of solving complex problems. You can break the problem into smaller parts; solve them individually in a sequence, then present the complete solution. However, it is not infallible.

So, when a problem in the workplace feels overwhelming, you may want to think about it logically first.

Logical thinking skills are a skill set that enables you to reason logically when solving problems. They enable you to provide well-reasoned answers to any issues that arise. They also empower you to make decisions that most people will consider rational.

Critical-thinking skills. If you are a critical thinker, then you can analyze and evaluate a problem before making judgments. You need to improve your critical thinking process to become a logical thinker.

Your critical thinking skills will improve your ability to solve problems. You will be the go-to employee concerning crises. People can rely on you to be reasonable whenever an issue arises instead of letting biases rule you.

Research skills. If you are a good researcher , then you can search and locate data that can be useful when presenting information on your preferred subject.

The more relevant information you have about a particular subject, the more accurate your conclusions are likely to be. The sources you use must be reputable and relevant.

For this reason, your ability to ferret out information will affect how well you can reason logically.

Creative thinking skills. If you are a creative thinker , then you can find innovative solutions to problems.

You are the kind of person that can think outside the box when brainstorming ideas and potential solutions. Your thinking is not rigid. Instead, you tend to look at issues in ways other people have not thought of before.

While logical thinking is based on data and facts, that doesn’t mean it is rigid. You can creatively find ways of sourcing that data or experimenting so that you can form logical conclusions. Your strategic thinking skills will also help enable you to analyze reactions or collect feedback .

Mathematical skills. If you are skilled in mathematics , then you can work well with numbers and represent mathematical ideas using visual symbols. Your brain must be able to compute information.

Business is a numbers game. That means you must have some knowledge of mathematics. You must be able to perform basic mathematical tasks involving addition, subtractions, divisions, multiplications, etc.

So, to become a logical thinker, you must be comfortable working with numbers. You will encounter them in many business-related complex problems. And your ability to understand them will determine whether you can reach an accurate logical conclusion that helps your organization.

Reading skills. If you are a good reader , then you can make sense of the letters and symbols that you see. Your ability to read will determine your competency concerning your logical thinking and reasoning skills.

And that skill set will come in handy when you are presented with different sets of work-related statements from which you are meant to conclude. Such statements may be part of your company policy, technical manual, etc.

Active listening skills. Active listening is an important communication skill to have. If you are an active listener, then you can hear, understand what is being said, remember it, and respond to it if necessary.

Not all instructions are written. You may need to listen to someone to get the information you need to solve problems before you write it down. In that case, your active listening skills will determine how well you can remember the information so that you can use it to reason things out logically.

Information ordering skills. If you have information ordering skills, then you can arrange things based on a specified order following the set rules or conditions. These things may include mathematical operations, words, pictures, etc.

Different organizations have different business processes. The workflow in one organization will be not similar to that of another organization even if both belong to the same industry.

Your ability to order information will depend on an organization’s culture . And it will have a major impact on how you can think and reason concerning solutions to your company problems.

If you follow the wrong order, then no matter how good your problem-solving techniques are your conclusions may be wrong for your organization.

To improve your logic skills, it would be wise to practice how to solve problems based on facts and data. Below are examples of logical thinking in the workplace that will help you understand this kind of reasoning so that you can improve your thinking:

The human resource department in your organization has determined that leadership skills are important for anyone looking to go into a senior management position. So, it decides that it needs proof of leadership before hiring anyone internally. To find the right person for the senior management position , every candidate must undertake a project that involves a team of five. Whoever leads the winning team will get the senior managerial position.

This example shows a logical conclusion that is reached by your organization’s human resource department. In this case, your HR department has utilized logical thinking to determine the best internal candidate for the senior manager position.

It could be summarized as follows:

Statement 1: People with excellent leadership skills that produce winning teams make great senior managers. Statement 2: Candidate A is an excellent leader that has produced a winning team. Conclusion: Candidate A will make an excellent senior manager .
A marketing company researches working women on behalf of one of their clients – a robotics company. They find out that these women feel overwhelmed with responsibilities at home and in the workplace. As a result, they do not have enough time to clean, take care of their children, and stay productive in the workplace. A robotics company uses this research to create a robot cleaner that can be operated remotely . Then they advertise this cleaner specifically to working women with the tag line, “Working women can do it all with a little bit of help.” As a result of this marketing campaign, their revenues double within a year.

This example shows a logical conclusion reached by a robotics company after receiving the results of marketing research on working women. In this case, logical thinking has enabled the company to come up with a new marketing strategy for their cleaning product.

Statement 1: Working women struggle to keep their homes clean. Statement 2: Robot cleaners can take over cleaning duties for women who struggle to keep their homes clean. Conclusion: Robot cleaner can help working women keep their homes clean.
CalcX. Inc. has created a customer survey concerning its new finance software. The goal of the survey is to determine what customers like best about the software. After reading through over 100 customer reviews and ratings, it emerges that 60% of customers love the new user interface because it’s easy to navigate. CalcX. Inc. then decides to improve its marketing strategy. It decides to train every salesperson to talk about the easy navigation feature and how superior it is to the competition. So, every time a client objects to the price, the sales rep could admit that it is expensive, but the excellent user interface makes up for the price. At the end of the year, it emerges that this strategy has improved sales revenues by 10%.

The above example shows how logical thinking has helped CalcX. Sell more software and improve its bottom line.

Statement 1: If the majority of customers like a particular software feature, then sales reps should use it to overcome objections and increase revenues. Statement 2: 60% of the surveyed customers like the user interface of the new software, and; they think it makes navigation easier. Conclusion: The sales reps should market the new software’s user interface and the fact that it is easy to navigate to improve the company’s bottom line.
A political candidate hires a focus group to discuss hot-button issues they feel strongly about. It emerges that the group is torn on sexual reproductive health issues, but most support the issue of internal security . However, nearly everyone is opposed to the lower wages being paid due to the current economic crisis. Based on the results of this research, the candidate decides to focus on improving the economy and security mechanisms in the country. He also decides to let go of the sexual productive health issues because it would potentially cause him to lose some support.

In this case, the political candidate has made logical conclusions on what topics he should use to campaign for his seat with minimal controversies so that he doesn’t lose many votes.

This situation could be summarized as follows:

Statement 1: Most people find sexual reproductive health issues controversial and cannot agree. Statement 2: Most people feel that the internal security of the country is in jeopardy and something should be done about it. Statement 3: Most people want higher wages and an improved economy. Statement 4: Political candidates who want to win must avoid controversy and speak up on things that matter to people. Conclusion: To win, political candidates must focus on higher wages, an improved economy, and the internal security of the country while avoiding sexual reproductive health matters.

Deductive reasoning is an aspect of logical reasoning. It is a top-down reasoning approach that enables you to form a specific logical conclusion based on generalities. Therefore, you can use one or more statements, usually referred to as premises, to conclude something.

For example:

Statement 1: All mothers are women Statement 2: Daisy is a mother. Conclusion: Daisy is a woman.

Based on the above examples, all mothers are classified as women, and since Daisy is a mother, then it’s logical to deduce that she is a woman too.

It’s worth noting though, that deductive reasoning does not always produce an accurate conclusion based on reality.

Statement 1: All caregivers in this room are nurses. Statement 2: This dog, Tom, is a caregiver. Conclusion: This dog, Tom, is a nurse .

From the above example, we have deduced that Tom, the dog, is a nurse simply because the first statement stated that all caregivers are nurses. And yet, in reality, we know that dogs cannot be nurses. They do not have the mental capacity to become engaged in the profession.

For this reason, you must bear in mind that an argument can be validly based on the conditions but it can also be unsound if some statements are based on a fallacy.

Since logical thinking is so important in the workplace, most job interviewers will want to see you demonstrate this skill at the job interview. It is very important to keep in mind your logical thinking skills when you talk about yourself at the interview.

There are many ways in which an interviewer may ask you to demonstrate your logical thinking skills. For example:

You may have to solve an example problem. If the interviewer provides you a problem similar to one you might find at your job, make sure to critically analyze the problem to deduce a solution.

You may be asked about a previous problem or conflict you had to solve. This classic question provides you the opportunity to show your skills in action, so make sure to highlight the objectivity and logic of your problem solving.

Show your logic when talking about yourself. When given the opportunity to talk about yourself, highlight how logic comes into play in your decision making. This could be in how you picked the job position, why you choose your career or education, or what it is about yourself that makes you a great candidate.

Why is it important to think logically?

It’s important to think logically because it allows you to analyze a situation and come up with a logical solution. It allows for you to reason through the important decisions and solve problems with a better understanding of what needs to be done. This is necessary for developing a strong career.

Why is logic important?

Logic is important because it helps develop critical thinking skills. Critical thinking skills are important because they help you analyze and evaluate a problem before you make a decision. It also helps you improve your problem-solving skills to allow you to make better decisions.

How do you improve your logical thinking skills?

When improving your logical thinking skills make sure you spend time on a creative hobby and practice questioning. Creative hobbies can help reduce stress levels, and lower stress leads to having an easier time focusing on tasks and making logical thinking. Creative hobbies can include things like drawing, painting, and writing.

Another way to improve your logical thinking is to start asking questions about things. Asking questions allows for you to discover new things and learn about new topics you may not have thought about before.

Logical thinking skills are valuable skills to have. You need to develop them so that you can become an asset to any organization that hires you. Be sure to include them in your resume and cover letter .

And if you make it to the interview, also ensure that you highlight these skills. You can do all this by highlighting the career accomplishments that required you to use logical thinking in the workplace.

It’s Your Yale – Consider Critical Thinking Skills to Articulate Your Work Quality

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Roger Raber has been a content writer at Zippia for over a year and has authored several hundred articles. Having retired after 28 years of teaching writing and research at both the high school and college levels, Roger enjoys providing career details that help inform people who are curious about a new job or career. Roger holds a BA in English from Cleveland State University and a MA from Marygrove college.

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When we say that something is logical, what we actually mean is that it makes sense. Logical reasoning skills are the ability to focus on the presented task by following the chain of the thought process by relating one statement after another, until finding the most logical conclusion.

Although many won’t notice, all of us face challenges on a daily basis which we overcome thanks to our reasoning skills. While calculating the prices in the supermarket, just to check if we can get everything we need for a lower price, or while trying to fit all our obligations into a single day, our thinking machine spins its wheels to find the perfect solution.

However, if you find yourself lost at the register, well, you might need to work on logical thinking development.

Division of Labor in Our Brains – The Left Hemisphere Is More Involved in Logical Thinking

The brain is a complex structure [1] divided into two hemispheres – the right and left.

Although the districts interact with each other, the truth is that one side is always more dominant than the other. Regarding this division, every side has its own purpose and a specific thinking style. For example, the right side is in charge of emotions and creativity, whereas the left side brings control to the mix and provides logic when things seem confusing.

However, the right side of daydreaming can affect the process of logical thinking as well. According to researchers, [2] the logical reasoning performance is modulated by the emotional state. What is more interesting is that most children are ranked as being highly creative [3] before going to a logic-oriented school. Or at least it used to be, as the school system now offers some chance for creative outlets such as art and crafts.

The left side of the brain improves the understanding of math and science, as it processes the information from a part to a whole. Those sequences hidden in numbers, symbols, and letters are much clearer when arranged in logical order.

On the other hand, the right side looks at the entire picture, only so that it can break it into smaller parts. Likewise, the right side people love concrete things they can smell, feel or taste and have trouble verbally expressing.

The logical side of the left hemisphere includes:

Logical Thinking Is Not an Inborn Talent, But Something You Can Learn and Practice

Enhancing logical reasoning is simply learning to pay a closer attention to details. Therefore, there are a few easy techniques to help you overcome thinking obstacles and really focus.

Stop Viewing Things from Your Own Perspective Only

To advance logical thinking process, it is crucial to differentiate established facts from personal observations. Concentrating on the environment and your senses is just individual perception, which mustn’t be confused with logic.

For example, let’s say that two people got together to share a meal. To one person the dish smells repelling, while the other is enjoying their lunch. The first person didn’t like the smell, so they concluded that the meal is inedible, unhealthy and not properly prepared. This is not a logical way of coming to the correct conclusion.

First of all, person A didn’t have any supporting evidence of the food being unhealthy or poorly made. Consequently, conclusions drawn from this observation are inadequate.

In order to get to a logical conclusion, one must shut off their own skewed opinions, and focus on proven information like the ingredients used to prepare a dish, ways of cooking the food, and the equipment used to prepare it, so that they can form a clear statement. Apart from the observed facts, the conclusion must also be drawn from culinary knowledge and not based upon calculated guesses.

Think Before You Start Doing – Create a Strategy

Since logical thinking implies noticing all the details and putting them together one by one until the picture becomes clear as day, strategy plays a major role in the thinking process. Learning to think strategically will not only power the brain, but it can also help you deal with business obligations faster and more proficiently. And how do you develop such useful skill?

Start by questioning everything and trying to interpret repetitive patterns. Learn from mistakes so that you can anticipate what is ahead. Keep the mind constantly active and look for details and learn how they function individually and in the group before focusing on the bigger picture.

Dig into the Meaning of Words Carefully

As the logic is more verbal, the slight language variations make a big difference. Knowing the difference between statements will definitely tighten up the loose screws of logical thinking.

If you hear “necessary” in a statement, you immediately know there is a condition that needs to be fulfilled, unlike “sufficient” which denotes a minimal level of effort that will lead to a positive outcome. Every condition has a slight alteration in meaning, just as the word order in a sentence carries a certain meaning.

It is not the same if someone says: “if you do that, then you will get the reward” and “if you got the reward, then it was because I told you to do that”. It may not be detected at first, however, the variation still exists. In the first sentence there is a condition by which a person gets the reward, yet in the second it is inverse, meaning that it contradicts the first statement and its conclusion.

Enhance Your Logical Thinking at Leisure – Games and Mystery Books

Every day we escape into the digital world searching for a new form of entertainment. But why not use it for improving our logical reasoning? Math doesn’t have to be boring if used as a game.

There are plenty of mental challenges online or in a form of an app to boost our memory and our logical thinking. One can even benefit from Facebook Poker games. Playing card games makes you more focused and analytical, hence, it activates the left side of the brain.

Also, getting lost in a mystery book is not only for the right brainers. Actually, a good puzzle book can help you work on the strategical thinking process through solving all the different enigmas within. The same goes for a game of chess.

Even geniuses were not born all-knowing; they studied, explored, and worked on their logical thinking skills. So, use the simple methods listed above in your day-to-day life to improve not just your logical thinking, but also your overall productivity. After conquering the field of logical reasoning no one will ever be able to call you an unrealistic dreamer again.

Featured photo credit: Volkan Olmez via unsplash.com

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by Kaelyn Barron | 0 comments

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You may not even realize it, but every day you make decisions and solve problems using your reasoning skills. For example, you might decide which brand of yogurt to buy at the supermarket, or which task to cross off your to-do list first.

For these and even bigger dilemmas, logical thinking can help you come to the best decisions, instead of relying solely on your emotions.

In this post, we’ll show you what exactly logical thinking is, with examples of how you can practice it at work and in other areas of your life.

What Is the Importance of Logical Thinking?

Like critical thinking , logical thinking is important because it can help you think through important decisions based on facts and reason, without letting emotions cloud your judgment.

It requires an ability to make observations, and then draw conclusions based on that input. When you think and act logically, you’ll be able to back up your strategies, actions, and decisions with concrete facts.

Logical thinking also involves thinking through the possible causes of a problem, feasible solutions, and the potential consequences of implementing those solutions.

Of course, not all decisions can be made based on logic alone, nor should you discount your emotions in every situation. In fact, reasoning requires emotional intelligence; but the goal is to be aware of your emotions, and not make rash decisions solely based on those feelings.

By learning to think more logically, you’ll be better able to solve problems, generate more creative ideas, and set ambitious but realistic goals.

How to Strengthen Your Logical Thinking Skills

Here are five ways you can practice using logical thinking skills.

1. Consider different perspectives.

A huge part of thinking logically is being able to put your personal feelings aside and consider an issue from different perspectives.

When you feel very strongly about something, you might assume that everyone else must feel the same way you do—but there’s a good chance you’re missing some important considerations, simply because you haven’t thought about the problem from a different point of view.

This is especially important if you’re part of a team, or if you regularly make decisions that impact others (like customers or employees in other departments).

This leads us to our next tip…

2. Ask questions.

In order to consider different perspectives, one of the best things you can do is ask questions and be curious.

Rather than just making your own assumptions or jumping to conclusions, question the things you typically accept as fact.

By asking why , how , and what if , you can discover things you never considered before and address problems more creatively, instead of relying on old strategies because “that’s the way we’ve always done it.”

You can practice this at work by spending time with someone from a different department and asking them questions about their current projects and processes.

For example, if you work in the marketing department but want to learn more about sales, talking to a colleague in sales can help you think more critically about how your roles are related and how you can improve your own systems for better results.

3. Practice evaluating evidence.

When you’re trying to make a logical decision, you should consider all the evidence—but not all evidence is equal.

Consider the different sources and types of evidence you’re looking at. Depending on the situation, you may need to weigh some pieces of evidence more heavily than others, so you shouldn’t automatically choose the option with the most “plusses.’

For example, you might be comparing two different cars. One is cheaper, slightly newer, and even painted your favorite color. The other costs more and is two years older, but it’s a hybrid. The first car has more under its “pros” column, but don’t forget, you have a long commute and really care about saving on gas.

After thinking about it carefully, you decide that for you, the one pro under the second car’s column outweighs the three pros for the other car.

Evaluating evidence also applies to sources of information . Are your sources trustworthy, and do you feel like they’re telling you everything you need to know to make a decision? If not, search for more information.

4. Try to anticipate possible outcomes.

Logical thinkers don’t just think about the short-term consequences of their choices. Instead, they think about the long-term impact not only for themselves, but also those around them.

The objective is not to reach the perfect decision, but to go into the decision as aware as you can be of the effects it can have today, next month, and possibly farther in the future.

You can get better at anticipating outcomes by taking the time to analyze the results of your decisions after you make them.

5. Challenge yourself with games or books.

Thinking logically doesn’t have to be boring! A game of cards or chess pushes you to focus and think analytically. There are also plenty of brain-training games that can help you build your logical thinking skills.

Another great brain exercise? Mystery novels ! Putting together the pieces of these exciting narratives helps you practice thinking logically. Even if you don’t guess correctly, it’s still a fun and entertaining workout.

Examples of Logical Thinking

Below are three examples of how you can use logical thinking to resolve conflicts, find solutions, and make decisions.

One example of logical thinking at work is the use of exit interviews when an employee leaves the company.

By getting the departing employee’s honest feedback, managers can improve their organizations, which can help reduce turnover in the future.

Instead of hastily disregarding the employee’s reasons for leaving or even responding defensively, leading team members can get valuable insights from someone else’s perspective about what works and what doesn’t within the company.

Over time, leaders may identify emerging patterns—another important part of logical thinking—and can adjust their systems accordingly.

When Making Decisions

logical decision making image

When you need to make an important decision, relying on logic, rather than your emotions, can help you identify the right choice.

For example, let’s say you’re choosing between two homes to buy. It’s a very important decision, and one that can easily be swayed by emotion. To apply logical thinking to your decision-making, use the facts that are available to you to develop arguments, draw conclusions, and weigh pros and cons.

You can make a T-chart to weigh the benefits and drawbacks of each, and compare important factors like the price, size, location, and projected monthly payments for both.

This will help you make the best overall choice, because you’ll consider all the relevant information and potential consequences of each decision. (This is opposed to emotional decision-making, which might be jumping at the first option just because it’s five minutes closer to your best friend’s house.)

In Disagreements

Using the basic principles of logical thinking can also help you resolve interpersonal conflicts.

It’s in these types of disagreements that you’re most likely to act on your emotions, make rash decisions, or say something you’ll regret later.

But if you can slow down and try to see things from the other person’s perspective, you may find underlying issues that you never considered. You might discover that your disagreement isn’t personal at all, and actually due to a simple misunderstanding.

Make Logic Your Friend

Logical thinking can help you make better, more careful decisions in all areas of life, from work to your interpersonal relationships.

While logical thinking teaches you to avoid acting on just your emotions, what works for most of us in practice is probably more of a middle ground.

In many cases, you may want to also listen to your intuition and what your feelings tell you. The important thing is that you’re able to maintain a balance and think through the potential consequences of your decisions.

Did you find this post helpful? Let us know in the comments below!

If you enjoyed this post, then you might also like:

Kaelyn Barron

As a blog writer for TCK Publishing, Kaelyn loves crafting fun and helpful content for writers, readers, and creative minds alike. She has a degree in International Affairs with a minor in Italian Studies, but her true passion has always been writing. Working remotely allows her to do even more of the things she loves, like traveling, cooking, and spending time with her family.

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What is Logical thinking?

Logical thinking can also be defined as the act of analysing a situation and coming up with a sensible solution. It is similar to critical thinking. Logical thinking uses reasoning skills to objectively study any problem, which helps make a rational conclusion about how to proceed. For example, you are facing a problem in the office, to address that, you use the available facts, you are using logical reasoning skills.

In this write-up, we will explore tips on how you can improve your logical thinking skills and the reasons why logical thinking can help you be a stronger professional.

Now the question arises in our mind, why are logical thinking skills important?

Also Read – What is Empathy in Design Thinking?

Logical thinking skills play a very important and necessary role in developing your career because they can help you reason through important decisions, solve problems, generate creative ideas, and set goals. Whether you want to advance your career or have just entered the industry, you will encounter challenges daily that require logical reasoning skills. The stronger your logical thinking skills are, the more easily you will be able to come up with solutions and plans that can benefit you and your workplace.

There are many ways in which you can strengthen logical thinking in your daily work.

Methods that help you in developing your logical thinking skills are :

1. Spending time on creative hobbies

It has been observed that creative hobbies like drawing, painting, writing, or playing music can stimulate the brain and help promote logical thinking. Creative thinking, in a way, naturally develops problem-solving abilities that can help you become a better performer at your workplace.

Let’s talk about one more example, learning a new instrument requires deep thought and concentration. The logical thinking skills that you will gain from the process of learning a new instrument can help you approach your work more intently, developing your ability to solve problems with more flexibility and ease.

In addition to this, creative hobbies also help reduce stress. When your stress levels are manageable, you will have an easier time focusing and making logical decisions wherever required. There are many different ways in which you can handle stress, but developing a creative mind is especially productive and can help you bolster both personal and professional life.

2. Practice questioning

Another best way to strengthen your logical thinking skills is to question things that you typically accept as fact. When you regularly ask the question, it helps you view situations more completely and intricately, allowing you to approach problems at work more logically and creatively.

Asking more and more questions often leads to discoveries about topics you had not considered before, which may encourage you to explore further. This method can be used anywhere, especially at work. Let us take an example of a department at your workplace you are not familiar with. Create a list of questions where you need clarity or understanding. This will help you understand its purpose.

Let us take an example. If you work in the sales-marketing department and want to know more about search engine optimization skills , consider asking someone in that department for an overview to learn more about their current projects and processes. This will help you think more critically about the role you would be taking at work as it relates to that team.

3. Socialize with others

Socializing and building relationships with others help you broaden your perspective, giving you more opportunities to develop your logical thinking skills. When you get to know the point of view of other people, it helps you approach problems at work in a new and different way.

There are many ways in which you can invest time in building relationships. It can be from participating in an activity to simply eating lunch or meeting over coffee together regularly. It is truly said that the more logically you can handle problems at work, the more easily you will be able to advance in your career.

4. Learn a new skill

Learning a new skill can also help in sharpening logical skills.

If you take the opportunity to learn as often as possible, you apply the same level of thinking to your job, making you successful.

For example, suppose you decide to start learning a new coding language. This process will require careful thinking and planning. Practicing every day will help to put you in the mindset of thoughtfully approaching problems at work and will also help you develop a new skill that will help you advance your career.

5. Anticipating the outcome of your decisions

When you are working to strengthen your logical thinking skills, it is helpful for you to consider what impact your decisions might have in the future. The closer you pay attention to the results of your decisions and analyze them, the easier the process will become.

Whenever you come up with a solution to a problem at the workplace, try to think about what the outcome may be. Slowly and eventually, you will find it easier to think of your decisions’ immediate and long-term results. This is an important aspect of logical thinking.

Logical skills can be easily strengthened with daily practice. When you start applying these exercises regularly, and by learn more from professional courses you will observe yourself start to naturally approach everyday decisions at work with a more logical perspective.

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Improve Your Logical Thinking Skill

how to develop logic

Before starting with the best approaches, you may want to check your abilities with the games below. They are suitable for you and your kids. Don’t forget it is important to be aware of yourself to boost your mental skills.

Logic Balls

Logic Balls

Develop your reasoning , planning and visualization skills.

Colorful Blocks

Colorful Blocks

Develop your reasoning , spatial perception and visual attention skills.

Pick Your Candy

Pick Your Candy

Develop your visual attention and counting skills.

Have I Seen It or Not?

Have I Seen It or Not?

Develop your logical thinking , sustained attention and comparison skills.

Why Are Logical Thinking Skills Important?

Logical thinking is the ability to make a rational conclusion by analyzing a situation, and it helps the human mind to make a distinction between right and wrong.

Logical Thinking

Keep in mind that well-developed logical thinking skills also promote our skills such as analytical thinking , reasoning, math, and problem-solving .

It is important to understand what logical thinking meaning is and how it affects our daily lives. To have a better understanding, you can look at the positive effects below.

You are lucky because we’ve prepared eight easy-to-apply tips , as well as the best games, to enhance your and your children’s logical thinking skills.

We’ve also shared examples from our daily lives for helping your children to understand the logic behind logical thinking. You can use all of these when you want to train your brain or help your kids for this purpose.

How to Improve Logical Thinking?

Like almost every skill, logic can also be improved and developed through proper exercises and activities. Here are some of the best tips that will help you do just that!

1. Logic Exercises

Games are with no doubt the best way of teaching children something. And when it comes to mental development games, MentalUP is the best!

With these games, you can help promote your children’s: logical reasoning skills, planning skills, spatial perception skills, logical thinking skills, mathematical thinking skills, and much more!

Math Game

Logical thinking exercises like this game are very helpful for our math and planning abilities.

Logic Cards

Logic Cards

If you want to learn how to think logically, this game will support you by boosting your mind.

Tricky Faces

Tricky Faces

This game is the answer to the question of how to be more logical. Play daily and be stronger.

Numbers & Letters

Numbers & Letters

When you need to know how to develop logical thinking, you can train your brain with this game.

2. Socializing With Others

Socializing, in other words building new relationships, will expand your perspective. This way, you can gain more and more logical thinking skills with the ability to approach situations and thoughts from different angles.

Socializing With Others

Encourage your children to make new friends at their school, neighborhood, or at the park. It will not only help enhance their logical thinking skills but it will also help them build healthy social skills.

3. Creative Hobbies

Although the left hemisphere of our brain is responsible for logical thinking, creative activities, which are mainly ruled by the right hemisphere of our brain, help promote logical thinking. Therefore, encourage your children to engage with creative activities such as playing imagination games , drawing, painting, writing, and playing music.

Creative Hobbies

Well, how do these help with logical thinking?

For example, learning a new instrument requires deep thought and concentration. During this process, your children will gain the ability to solve more problems with flexibility and ease.

In addition, as these tasks require creativity, creative thinking naturally develops problem-solving abilities that can help your children become better at school.

Becoming a logical thinker requires improvement in different areas, such as brain dominance!

Do you know which brain dominance you or your children have? Feel free to take our free brain dominance test and reveal the secret! 🧠

You can also read our article to learn more about the right brain - left brain and the difference in between . There are study tips based on brain dominance results! 📚

4. Question Events

One of the best ways to enhance your logical thinking skills is to ask questions about things you typically accept as a fact. Making a habit of asking such questions helps you view situations more completely and allows you to approach situations more logically and creatively.

Question Events

You can come up with simple games to apply this tip with your children. For example, start with a sentence that is a result of an obvious fact and as your children to complete it:

Parent : “ It is cold because… ” Child : “ … it is snowing/winter/raining. ”

Practicing this activity will also help your children build a sense of responsibility for their actions and behavior, as well as teach them how to think faster .

5. Read Mystery Books and Stories

Here is one stone two birds situation. You can advance your children’s reading skills and promote their logical thinking skills by simply engaging them with mystery.

Read Mystery Books and Stories

There are plenty of mystery stories and books that your children will enjoy reading as they try to solve the enigmas within.

6. Learn/Discover a New Skill

This tip is quite close to the third tip above, but there is no such thing as too much learning. Creative or not, learning a new skill can help sharpen your logic skills.

The more you take the opportunity to learn something new, the more you will be able to think logically and strategically.

Learn/Discover a New Skill

Encourage your children to learn something new! Depending on their age it can be; learning a new language, learning a new sport, or even learning a new game.

Not only will practicing every day help create a mindset of thoughtfully, and logically, approaching problems and situations, but it will also develop a new skill that your children can enjoy!

How to think logically? It's easy: Download MentalUP that is developed by academicians , pedagogues , and game designers to improve logical skills! 🙌 With over 150 gamified exercises, you can learn how to increase logical thinking. 🥳

Track the logical skills development of yourself or your children with MentalUP's detailed report tools! 📊

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7. Brain Teasers & Puzzles

Brain teasers and puzzle games like tangrams for kids are always fun activities. However, did you know that it helps improve logical thinking skills?

Brain Teasers

As children try to find the answer to the questions, they are forced to think strategically and logically. If you’re in search of the best brain teasers, check out our Pinterest board for 400+ free brain teasers!

8. Mindfulness

Extreme stress is one of the worst enemies of logical thinking. And, it may come as a shock but most children experience more stress than adults do 😞


When your children’s stress levels are manageable, they are more likely to have an easier time focusing and making logical decisions. And one of the best ways to manage stress is practicing mindfulness .

Children who experience stress, attention deficit, or anxiety can lack logical thinking skills . Supporting kids with educational and entertaining apps can be very effective in such conditions. ✅

MentalUP is an award-winning program that supports becoming a logical thinker . With 150+ gamified exercises, offer lots of fun while improving. See you never, stress! 👋

Start Today

Difference Between Logic and Reason

We hear you say “But what is the difference between reason and logic? Aren’t they the same thing?” To begin with, “logic” is a noun, and “reason” is both a noun and a verb.

You can “reason with a person” but you can’t logic with someone. In addition, every logic can be reasoned but not every reasoning can be based on logic.

That said, the primary difference between logic and reason is that reason can be subjective, whereas logic is actual science that follows clearly defined rules and tests for critical thinking .

Logic also requires tangible, visible, or audible proof of a sound thought process by reasoning.

For example, you can debate or “reason” with someone that the water is cold, however, the fact that water’s freezing temperature is 0℃ is not up for debate as there is a logic behind it.

Logic Examples

Here are some everyday logic examples that will help you and your children understand the concept of logic and logical thinking even further.

1. Informal Logic

Informal logic is what we usually use for daily reasoning processes. This is the reasoning and arguments you make in your personal exchanges with others and they are more subjective rather than based on facts.

Inductive logic examples can also be examined under this category. Inductive reasoning is made by using specific information and to make a broad generalization that is considered probable. As the reasoning is based on repeated experiences, the outputs are not always accurate.

2. Formal Logic

Formal logic requires deductive reasoning and the premises must be based on facts. The premises should lead to a formal conclusion.

3. Symbolic Logic

Symbolic logic , as the name applies, focuses on how symbols relate to each other. It assigns symbols to verbal reasoning in order to be able to check the veracity of the statements through a mathematical process. You typically see this type of logic used in calculus.

4. Mathematical Logic

It goes without saying that all math problems are based on logic with each having a single outcome based on facts. As mathematical logic applies formal logic to math, mathematical logic and symbolic logic are often used interchangeably.

MentalUP Logic Games increase children’s school success and support their mathematical intelligence development .

It also helps them learn how to be logical by strengthening their logical thinking and reasoning abilities. To develop logic, memory, reasoning, and problem-solving skills, make the best decision and get MentalUP brain games ! 🤩🎊


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1 What is Logic?

Matthew Knachel

There’s an ancient view, still widely held, that what makes human beings special—what distinguishes us from the “beasts of the field”—is that we are rational. What does rationality consist in? That’s a vexed question, but one possible response goes roughly like this: we manifest our rationality by engaging in activities that involve reasoning —making claims and backing them up with reasons, acting in accord with reasons and beliefs, drawing inferences from available evidence, and so on.

This reasoning activity can be done well and it can be done badly; it can be done correctly or incorrectly. Logic is the discipline that aims to distinguish good reasoning from bad.

Good reasoning is not necessarily effective reasoning. In fact, as we shall see in a subsequent chapter on logical fallacies, bad reasoning is pervasive and often extremely effective—in the sense that people are often persuaded by it. In logic, the standard of goodness is not effectiveness in the sense of persuasiveness, but rather correctness according to logical rules.

For example, consider Hitler. He persuaded an entire nation to go along with a variety of proposals that were not only false but downright evil. You won’t be surprised to hear that if you examine it critically, his reasoning does not pass logical muster. Hitler’s arguments were effective, but not logically correct. Moreover, his persuasive techniques go beyond reasoning in the sense of backing up claims with reasons. Hitler relied on threats, emotional manipulation, unsupported assertions, etc. There are many rhetorical tricks one can use to persuade.

In logic, we study the rules and techniques that allow us to distinguish good, correct reasoning from bad, incorrect reasoning.

Since there are a variety of different types of reasoning and methods with which to evaluate each of these types, plus various diverging views on what constitutes correct reasoning, there are many approaches to the logical enterprise. We talk of logic, but also of logics . A logic is just a set of rules and techniques for distinguishing good reasoning from bad. A logic must formulate precise standards for evaluating reasoning and develop methods for applying those standards to particular instances.

Basic Notions

Reasoning involves claims or statements—making them and backing them up with reasons, drawing out their consequences. Propositions are the things we claim, state, assert.

Propositions are the kinds of things that can be true or false. They are expressed by declarative sentences . We use such sentences to make all sorts of assertions, from routine matters of fact (“the Earth revolves around the Sun”), to grand metaphysical theses (“reality is an unchanging, featureless, unified Absolute”), to claims about morality (“it is wrong to eat meat”).

It is important to distinguish sentences in the declarative mood, which express propositions, from sentences in other moods, which do not. Interrogative sentences, for example, ask questions (“Is it raining?”), and imperative sentences issue commands (“Don’t drink kerosene.”). It makes no sense to ask whether these kinds of sentences express truths or falsehoods, so they do not express propositions.

We also distinguish propositions from the sentences that express them, because a single proposition can be expressed by different sentences. “It’s raining” and “es regnet” both express the proposition that it’s raining; one sentence does it in English, the other in German. Also, “John loves Mary” and “Mary is loved by John” both express the same proposition.

The fundamental unit of reasoning is the argument. In logic, by “argument” we don’t mean a disagreement, a shouting match; rather, we define the term precisely:

Argument = a set of propositions, one of which, the conclusion, is (supposed to be) supported by  the others, the premises.

If we’re reasoning by making claims and backing them up with reasons, then the claim that’s being backed up is the conclusion of an argument; the reasons given to support it are the argument’s premises. If we’re reasoning by drawing an inference from a set of statements, then the inference we draw is the conclusion of an argument, and the statements from which it’s drawn are the premises.

We include the parenthetical hedge—“supposed to be”—in the definition to make room for bad arguments. A bad argument, very roughly speaking, is one where the premises fail to support the conclusion; a good argument’s premises actually do support the conclusion.

Analysis of Arguments

The following passage expresses an argument:

So does this passage:

Again, the ultimate purpose of logic is to evaluate arguments—to distinguish the good from the bad. To do so requires distinctions, definitions, principles, and techniques that will be outlined in subsequent chapters. For now, we will focus on identifying and reconstructing arguments.

The first task is to explicate arguments—to state explicitly their premises and conclusions. A perspicuous way to do this is simply to list declarative sentences expressing the relevant propositions, with a line separating the premises from the conclusion, thus:

This is an explication of the first argumentative passage above. To identify the conclusion of an argument, it is helpful to ask oneself, “What is this person trying to convince me to believe by saying these things? What is the ultimate point of this passage?” The answer is pretty clear in this case. Another clue as to what’s going on in the passage is provided by the word “because” in the third sentence. Along with other words, like “since” and “for,” it indicates the presence of a premise. We can call such words premise markers . The symbol “/∴” can be read as shorthand for “therefore.” Along with expressions like “consequently,” “thus,” “it follows that” and “which implies that,” “therefore” is an indicator that the argument’s conclusion is about to follow. We call such locutions conclusion markers . Such a marker is not present in the first argument, but we do see one in the second, which may be explicated thus:

Several points of comparison to our first explication are worthy of note here. First, as mentioned, we were alerted of the conclusion by the word “therefore.” Second, this passage required much more paraphrase than the first. The second sentence is interrogative, not declarative, and so it does not express a proposition. Since arguments are, by definition, collections of propositions, we must restrict ourselves to declarative sentences when explicating them. Since the answer to the second sentence’s rhetorical question is clearly “yes,” we paraphrase as shown. The third sentence expresses two propositions, so in our explication we separate them; each one is a premise.

So sometimes, when we explicate an argument, we have to take what’s present in the argumentative passage and change it slightly, so that all of the sentences we write down express the propositions present in the argument. This is paraphrasing. At other times, we have to do even more. For example, we may have to introduce propositions which are not explicitly mentioned within the argumentative passage, but are undoubtedly used within the argument’s reasoning.

There’s a Greek word for argumentative passages that leave certain propositions unstated: enthymemes . Here’s an example:

There’s an implicit premise lurking in the background here—something that hasn’t been said, but which needs to be true for the argument to go through. We need a claim that connects the premise to the conclusion—that bridges the gap between them. Something like this: An all-loving God would not allow innocent people to suffer. Or maybe: widespread suffering is incompatible with the idea of an all-loving deity. The premise points to suffering, while the conclusion is about God; these propositions connect those two claims. A complete explication of the argumentative passage would make a proposition like this explicit:

This is the mark of the kinds of tacit premises we want to uncover: if they’re false, they undermine the argument. Often, premises like this are unstated for a reason: they’re controversial claims on their own, requiring evidence to support them; so the arguer leaves them out, preferring not to get bogged down. [2] When we draw them out, however, we can force a more robust dialectical exchange, focusing the argument on the heart of the matter. In this case, a discussion about the compatibility of God’s goodness and evil in the world would be in order. There’s a lot to be said on that topic. Philosophers and theologians have developed elaborate arguments over the centuries to defend the idea that God’s goodness and human suffering are in fact compatible. [3]

So far, our analysis of arguments has not been particularly deep. We have noted the importance of identifying the conclusion and clearly stating the premises, but we have not looked into the ways in which sets of premises can support their conclusions. We have merely noted that, collectively, premises provide support for conclusions. We have not looked at how they do so, what kinds of relationships they have with one another. This requires deeper analysis.

Often, different premises will support a conclusion—or another premise—individually, without help from any others. Consider this simple argument:

Propositions 1 and 2 support the conclusion, proposition 3—and they do so independently. Each gives us a reason for believing that the war was unjust, and each stands as a reason even if we were to suppose that the other were not true; this is the mark of independent premises .

It can be helpful, especially when arguments are more complex, to draw diagrams that depict the relationships among premises and conclusion. We could depict the argument above as follows:

Diagram showing premise 1 and 2 each having arrows pointing to the conclusion, 3. This represents that premises 1 and 2 indepdently support conclusion 3.

In such a diagram, the circled numbers represent the propositions and the arrows represent the relationship of support from one proposition to another. Since propositions 1 and 2 each support 3 independently, they get their own arrows.

Other relationships among premises are possible. Sometimes, premises provide support for conclusions only indirectly, by giving us a reason to believe some other premise, which is intermediate between the two claims. Consider the following argument:

In this example, proposition 1 provides support for proposition 2 (the word “hence” is a clue), while proposition 2 directly supports the conclusion in 3. We would depict the relationships among these propositions thus:

Diagram showing the number 1 with an arrow to the number 2, which has an arrow to the number 3. This represents that premise 1 supports premise, which then supports the conclusion, 3.

Sometimes premises must work together to provide support for another claim, not because one of them provides reason for believing the other, but because neither provides the support needed on its own; we call such propositions joint premises . Consider the following:

In this argument, neither premise 1 nor premise 2 supports the conclusion on its own; rather, the second premise, as it were, provides a key that unlocks the conclusion from the conditional premise 1. We can indicate such interdependence diagrammatically with brackets, thus:

Diagram with the numbers 1 and 2 together having an arrow pointing to the number 3. This represents that premises 1 and 2 jointly support the conclusion, 3.

Diagramming arguments in this way can be helpful both in understanding how they work and informing any attempt to critically engage with them. One can see clearly in the first argument that any considerations put forward contrary to one of the independent premises will not completely undermine support for the conclusion, as there is still another premise providing it with some degree of support. In the second argument, though, reasons telling against the second premise would cut off support for the conclusion at its root; and anything contrary to the first premise will leave the second in need of support. And in the third argument, considerations contrary to either of the joint premises will undermine support for the conclusion. Especially when arguments are more complex, such visual aids can help us recognize all of the inferences contained within the argument.

Perhaps it will be useful to conclude by considering a slightly more complex argument. Let’s consider the nature of numbers:

The conclusion of this argument is the last proposition, that numbers are abstract objects. Notice that the first premise gives us a choice between this claim and an alternative—that they are concrete. The second premise denies that alternative, and so premises 1 and 2 are working together to support the conclusion:

Diagram with the numbers 1 and 2 together having an arrow pointing to the number 5. This represents that premises 1 and 2 jointly support the conclusion, 5.

Now we need to make room in our diagram for propositions 3 and 4. They are there to give us reasons for believing that numbers are not concrete objects. First, by asserting that numbers aren’t located in space like concrete objects are, and second by asserting that numbers don’t interact with other objects, like concrete objects do. These are separate, independent reasons for believing they aren’t concrete, so we end up with this diagram:

Diagram with the numbers 1 and 2 together having an arrow pointing to the number 5, with the numbers 3 and 4 each having an arrow pointing to 2. This represents that premises 1 and 2 jointly support the conclusion, 5, and that premises 3 and 4 independently support premise 2.

Logic and Philosophy

At the heart of the logical enterprise is a philosophical question: What makes a good argument? That is, what is it for a set of claims to provide support for some other claim? Or maybe: When are we justified in drawing inferences? To answer these questions, logicians have developed a wide variety of logical systems, covering different types of arguments, and applying different principles and techniques. Many of the tools developed in logic can be applied beyond the confines of philosophy. The mathematician proving a theorem, the computer scientist programming a computer, the linguist modeling the structure of language—all these are using logical methods. Because logic has such wide application, and because of the formal/mathematical sophistication of many logical systems, it occupies a unique place in the philosophical curriculum. A class in logic is typically unlike other philosophy classes in that very little time is spent directly engaging with and attempting to answer the “big questions”; rather, one very quickly gets down to the business of learning logical formalisms. The questions logic is trying to answer are important philosophical questions, but the techniques developed to answer them are worthy of study on their own.

This does not mean, however, that we should think of logic and philosophy as merely tangentially related; on the contrary, they are deeply intertwined. For all the formal bells and whistles featured in the latest high-end logical system, at bottom it is part of an effort to answer the fundamental question of what follows from what. Moreover, logic is useful to the practicing philosopher in at least three other ways.

Philosophers attempt to answer deep, vexing questions—about the nature of reality, what constitutes a good life, how to create a just society, and so on. They give their answers to these questions, and they back those answers up with reasons. Then other philosophers consider their arguments and reply with elaborations and criticisms—arguments of their own. Philosophy is conducted and makes progress by way of exchanging arguments. Since they are the primary tool of their trade, philosophers better know a little something about what makes for good arguments! Logic, therefore, is essential to the practice of philosophy.

But logic is not merely a tool for evaluating philosophical arguments; it has altered the course of the ongoing philosophical conversation. As logicians developed formal systems to model the structure of an ever-wider range of discursive practices, philosophers have been able to apply their insights directly to traditional philosophical problems and recognize previously hidden avenues of inquiry. Since the turn of the 20th century especially, the proliferation of novel approaches in logic has sparked a revolution in the practice of philosophy. It is not too much of an exaggeration to say that much of the history of philosophy in the 20th century constituted an ongoing attempt to grapple with new developments in logic, and the philosophical focus on language that they seemed to demand. No philosophical topic—from metaphysics to ethics to epistemology and beyond—was untouched by this revolution.

Finally, logic itself is the source of fascinating philosophical questions. The basic question at its heart—what is it for a claim to follow from others?—ramifies out in myriad directions, providing fertile ground for philosophical speculation. There is logic, and then there is philosophy of logic . Logic is said to be “formal,” for example. What does that mean? It’s a surprisingly difficult question to answer. [5] Our simplest logical formulations of conditional sentences (those involving “if”), lead to apparent paradoxes. [6] How should those be resolved? Should our formalisms be altered to better capture the natural-language meanings of conditionals? What is the proper relationship between logical systems and natural languages, anyway?

Traditionally, most logicians have accepted that logic should be “bivalent”: every proposition is either true or false. But natural languages contain vague terms whose boundaries of applicability are not always clear. For example, “bald”: for certain subjects, we might be inclined to say that they’re well on their way to full-on baldness, but not quite there yet; on the other hand, we would be reluctant to say that they’re not-bald. There are in-between cases. For such cases, we might want to say, for example, that the proposition that Fredo is bald is neither true nor false. Some logicians have developed logics that are not bivalent, to deal with this sort of linguistic phenomenon. Some add a third truth-value: “neither” or “undetermined,” for instance. Others introduce infinite degrees of truth (this is called “fuzzy logic”). These logics deviate from traditional approaches. Are they therefore wrong in some sense? Or are they right, and the traditionalists wrong? Or are we even asking a sensible question when we ask whether a particular logical system is right or wrong? Can we be so-called logical “pluralists,” accepting a variety of incompatible logics, depending, for example, on whether they’re useful?

These sorts of questions are beyond the scope of this introductory text, of course. They’re included to give you a sense of just how far one can take the study of logic. The task for now, though, is to begin that study.

First, explicate the following arguments, paraphrasing as necessary and only including tacit premises when explicitly instructed to do so. Next, diagram the arguments.

The unambiguated meaning of declarative sentences.

Sentences which communicate that something is, or is not, the case. For example, “Bob won the 50m freestyle.” Declarative sentences can be contrasted with those that pose questions, called interrogative sentences , and those which deliver commands, known as imperative sentences . (Declarative sentences are also known as indicative  sentences)

Words that generally indicate what follows is a premise, e.g. “given that,” “as,” “since.”

Words that generally indicate that what follows is a conclusion, e.g. “therefore,” “thus,” “consequently.”

Arguments which leave certain premises unstated.

Premises which aim to provide sufficient support on their own for the truth of the conclusion.

Premises which attempt to directly support not the conclusion of an argument, but another premise.

Premises which only provide support for the truth of the conclusion when combined.

What is Logic? by Matthew Knachel is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License , except where otherwise noted.

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Definition of logic

Did you know.

How are logistics and logic related?

Logistics follows the same pattern of other plural nouns—such as ballistics , linguistics , statistics , or physics —that represent fields of study and take either a singular or plural verb.

Logic , used strictly in the singular, is a science that deals with the formal principles of reason. If a visitor walks in the house with a wet umbrella, it is logical for one to assume that it is raining outside. Logistics , which involves such concerns as the delivery of personnel or supplies in an efficient manner, can often employ logic, such as by reasoning out the path least likely to interrupt the flow of a delivery:

As with many other areas of the economy, the digital revolution is having a profound effect on delivery logistics . The combination of mobile computing, analytics, and cloud services, all of which are fueled by the Internet of Things (IoT), is changing how delivery and fulfillment companies are conducting their operations. —Andrew Meola, Business Insider , 14 Oct. 2016

Both logic and logistics ultimately derive from the Greek logos , meaning "reason." But while logic derives directly from Greek, logistics took a longer route, first passing into French as logistique , meaning "art of calculating," and then into English from there.

Example Sentences

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'logic.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback .

Word History

Middle English logik , from Anglo-French, from Latin logica , from Greek logikē , from feminine of logikos of reason, from logos reason — more at legend

12th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a(1)

Phrases Containing logic

Dictionary Entries Near logic

Cite this entry.

“Logic.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary , Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/logic. Accessed 9 Mar. 2023.

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Kids definition of logic, more from merriam-webster on logic.

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Abstract Thinking: What It Is, Why We Need It, and When to Rein It In

logical thinking view meaning

Today we’re obsessed with data. Experts in every industry are finding ingenious ways to measure and depict millions of data points every day.

But data is virtually worthless unless someone can look at the numbers, detect patterns, analyze what those patterns mean, and develop narratives to explain them to everybody else.

The difference between collecting data and understanding its meaning is the difference between concrete and abstract thinking.

Abstract thinking is the ability to understand concepts that are real, such as freedom or vulnerability, but which are not directly tied to concrete physical objects and experiences.

Abstract thinking is the ability to absorb information from our senses and make connections to the wider world.

A great example of abstract thinking at work is humor. Comedians are experts in abstract thinking. They observe the world around them. They detect incongruities, absurdities, and outrages. And they build jokes out of the unexpected connections.

How you use abstract thinking Abstract thinking is considered a higher-order reasoning skill. You use it when you: create things speak figuratively solve problems understand concepts analyze situations form theories put things in perspective

Abstract vs. concrete thinking

Abstract thought is usually defined alongside its opposite: concrete thinking. Concrete thinking is connected closely to objects and experiences that can be directly observed.

An example of a task that involves concrete thinking is breaking down a project into specific, chronological steps. A related abstract thinking task is understanding the reasons why the project is important.

Most of us need to use a blend of concrete and abstract thinking to function well in day-to-day life.

How do we develop the ability to think abstractly?

Abstract thinking skills develop as we grow and mature. Swiss psychologist Jean Piaget explained the way children’s thinking abilities change as they get older.

Piaget said that from birth until around the age of 2, babies and toddlers generally think concretely. They observe and explore the world around them using their five senses and motor skills.

See the Cheerio on the floor, pinch it with your fingertips, and put it in your mouth. Decide you like it. Repeat the process .

From ages 2 to 7, children develop the ability to think symbolically, which may be the foundation for abstract thinking. They learn that symbols like letters, pictures, and sounds can represent actual objects in the real world.

From age 7 until around 11, kids develop logical reasoning, but their thinking remains largely concrete — tied to what they directly observe.

Sometime around age 12 and continuing into adulthood, most people build on their concrete reasoning and expand into abstract thinking.

This stage includes the growing ability to put themselves in other people’s shoes (to use an abstract-thinking metaphor), learning how to empathize. The exercise of empathy is considered an abstract thinking ability.

Abstract reasoning in school

Many of the tasks students perform in school are tied to abstract thinking. Math skills are often abstract. They rely on the ability to conceptualize numbers and operations without always putting your hands on physical objects.

The study of language often involves analyzing and expressing abstract ideas, making generalizations about human nature and conflict, and learning to write figurative comparisons like metaphors and similes.

History, social studies, philosophy, and politics all require the ability to think generally about social problems and use ethical judgment. Science requires students to propose, test, and revise hypotheses and theories.

Apart from the academic aspects of school, navigating the complex social situations presented during a typical school day also involves abstract thinking.

The benefits of abstract thinking

People who are able to think abstractly are often good at:

How to improve abstract thinking

If you want to improve your abstract thinking skills, here are some things you can try:

easy ways to improve your abstract thinking Improvise. If there’s an improvisational theater group in your area, consider taking a workshop that allows you to explore this open-ended form of performance play. Solve puzzles. 3D, visual, and word puzzles will train you to think of alternatives beyond those that occur to you immediately. Build 3D models. Research has shown that people in science, technology, engineering, and math professions enhance their abstract thinking abilities by doing arts and crafts projects. Explore optical illusions. Some researchers use art and photographs with optical illusions to train students to see things in multiple ways, which is a hallmark of abstract reasoning. Play with figurative language. The ability to write similes, metaphors, analogies, and even pieces of personification can stimulate abstract thinking. Think of something concrete and relate it to something abstract: “On the day he was sentenced, rain fell continuously, as if Justice were weeping.” Or “The psychologist made a sexist remark, saying women’s minds were like bowls of spaghetti.”

Conditions that may limit abstract reasoning

Some neurological conditions may interfere with your ability to think abstractly.

When abstract thinking isn’t helpful

Sometimes the ability to imagine, predict, and make connections interferes with healthy functioning.

Take the cognitive distortion known as catastrophizing, for example. If you habitually imagine worse case scenarios, you may increase your anxiety level or worsen depression symptoms.

Overgeneralization is another example. If you experience a setback as proof that you’re a failure, your ability to generalize is reaching an inaccurate and counterproductive conclusion. Research has shown that this kind of abstraction is common with anxiety and depression.

If you have one of these conditions, you may find that abstract thinking is occasionally problematic:

The good news is that researchers have found that you can practice concrete thinking skills and use them to improve depression symptoms and even help you with decision-making during periods of depression.

The takeaway

Abstract thinking is the ability to consider concepts beyond what we observe physically. Recognizing patterns, analyzing ideas, synthesizing information, solving problems, and creating things all involve abstract thinking.

The ability to think abstractly develops as we mature, and we can intentionally improve our abstract thinking ability by improvising and playing with puzzles, models, and language.

Striking a healthy balance between abstract and concrete thinking is important for maintaining good mental health and daily functioning.

Last medically reviewed on September 5, 2019

How we reviewed this article:

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What Is Logical Thinking in the Workplace?

Zoe Kaplan

Woman thinking while looking at sheet of paper

Forage puts students first. Our blog articles are written independently by our editorial team. They have not been paid for or sponsored by our partners. See our full  editorial guidelines .

Logical thinking isn’t just for solving riddles; employers are actively looking for candidates with this valuable skill. Logical thinkers approach work problems critically and provide actionable solutions to help the company succeed. In this guide, we cover:

What Is Logical Thinking?

Logical thinking examples, logical thinking skills, how to show logical thinking skills on a job application, 4 ways to improve your logical thinking, why is logical thinking important in 2022.

The logical thinking definition is analyzing a situation or problem using reason and coming up with potential solutions. Logical thinkers gather all the information they can, assess the facts, and then methodically decide the best way to move forward.

Logical thinking is an essential tool in the workplace to help analyze problems, brainstorm ideas, and find answers. Employers want employees who can come up with the right solutions that are financially reasonable, probable, and actionable.

Logical thinking is an umbrella term for different ways to reach a factual, reasonable conclusion. Examples of types of logical thinking include:

Inferencing happens when we assume something new based on facts we already know. For example:

inference example

When you infer, you’re drawing the line between two factual dots.

Inductive Reasoning

Inductive reasoning is a type of reasoning that moves from specific to general. You start with a specific observation and pattern recognition, then come to a general conclusion.

Not all conclusions are correct in this type of logical thinking because specific circumstances don’t always apply to a general rule. However, you’ll end with a general conclusion that you can then further research. For example:

inductive reasoning example

In this example, the general conclusion isn’t necessarily true. However, it’s a theory you can now test with further research and surveying.

Deductive Reasoning

Contrary to deductive reasoning, this type of logical thinking moves from the general to the specific. You start with a general premise and then apply it to a specific premise. Take these two examples:

deductive reasoning example 1

Like conclusions from inductive reasoning, not every conclusion from deductive reasoning is necessarily sound. You’ll need a true general premise, a true specific premise, and a valid, logical argument between the two premises to come to a sound conclusion.

In example one, Marissa may work four-day workweeks, and Julia may work five-day workweeks, but saying Marissa is happier only because of her work schedule is not a sound argument because the conclusion doesn’t logically follow. On the other hand, example two is a sound argument because both premises are true, and there is clear, valid logic between the premises and the conclusion.

Logical thinking requires multiple skills you’ll need to exercise at various points when solving problems. These skills include:


The goal of logical thinking is to problem solve. Problem-solving has three parts: identifying why the problem’s happening, brainstorming solutions, and deciding which solution to move forward with. This skill requires both analysis and creativity, as a strong problem-solver analyzes the facts and finds creative solutions.

Critical Thinking

People often consider critical thinking synonymous with logical thinking, yet critical thinking comes into play most at the beginning of the problem-solving process. Critical thinkers analyze problems to get to the bottom of the facts and evidence. They are objective, free of bias, and focused on accuracy.

When we think of the word “logical,” we might not think of creativity — yet it’s creativity that allows logical thinkers to think outside the box and come up with innovative solutions. Logical thinking isn’t just about following the facts but also figuring out how to connect them and unearth them in expected ways.

Reasoning is the ability to assess things logically and rationally. Reasoning typically comes in the later stages of the logical thinking process, when you’re deciding between multiple ways to move forward. Then, you can use reasoning to compare solutions for their benefits and disadvantages.

On a Resume

You don’t have to list “logical thinking” on your resume to prove you’re a logical thinker; instead, you can show your logical thinking skills through hobbies or extracurricular activities you include on your resume.

“If a candidate mentions their hobbies that they play chess, board games, or strategic video games, it always makes me think they are logical thinkers,” Maciej Kubiak, head of people at PhotoAiD, says. “These interests require analysis and deductive reasoning to find a viable solution.”

Learn the other top skills to include on a resume .

In an Interview

While your resume can show you’re a logical person, describing your work methodology in an interview is the best way to show off this skill. Be specific and prescriptive when describing what steps you took to overcome a work problem or what steps you would take in a potential scenario.

Logical Thinking Interview Questions

Employers looking for this skill in an interview often won’t use the term “logical thinking.” Instead, they’ll often ask you about the steps you took or would take to solve a problem. Examples of these interview questions include:

It’s okay if you’re initially stumped when the interviewer asks you to show your logical thinking skills; take your time and think through your answer before saying anything.

“Do not say the very first thought that springs to mind,” David Bitton, co-founder and CMO at DoorLoop, recommends. “While you don’t want to take too long, pausing and thinking for a few moments can help. If you are unable to provide a suitable and confident answer, do not be hesitant to ask clarifying questions.”

When you do answer, it’s okay — and even encouraged — to give multiple solutions.

Yet it’s vital to strike the right balance between being thorough and succinct, especially when explaining your thought process.

“Be able to describe how you solved a problem with steps, although be mindful of time,” software engineer Adeena Mignogna says. “When I’m interviewing someone, there’s nothing worse then them going on and on. Learn to concisely explain and answer.”

If you can respond concisely, you’ll also prove to the hiring manager that you can communicate complex ideas and information to others — which is another valuable soft skill .

While logical thinking is a soft skill, it’s easy to practice and improve tangibly, like most hard skills you may learn in class. In addition, you don’t need to be faced with a workplace problem to work on your logical thinking; there are ways to build this skill in your personal life.

1. Build Creative Habits

“Spend more time on creative hobbies such as playing music, solving riddles, and reading,” Christian Velitchkov, co-founder of Twiz, says. “These are some hobbies that can stimulate your mind and promote logical thinking in a better manner. Creative thinking naturally comes from practicing more problem-solving hobbies. The more you challenge your minds to answer and solve different problems at work, the better you get at your logical thinking skills over time.”

Word games, painting, drawing, and crafting are other creative habits to try.

2. Learn a New Skill

Learning a new skill requires patience, time, effort, and focus — all things you need when trying to solve a new problem. However, you don’t need to learn how to code or practice software engineering to improve work-related logical thinking skills. Learning how to crochet or play a new instrument, for example, will help you flex logical thinking as you develop your new skill.

3. Practice Breaking It Down

If you’re a big picture thinker, it can be hard to look at all the details before diving in and trying to offer solutions. However, a crucial part of logical thinking is breaking down individual facts and connecting them to a reasonable conclusion. Start by breaking down a task you must do in your everyday life. For example, if your task is “get ready for work,” break this down into tasks like “brush my teeth,” “take a shower,” and “get dressed.” This practice will help develop a habit of zooming into smaller components of bigger issues.

4. Observe Others

We can be limited in how we approach problems; for example, we may try to approach a problem the way we’ve always done because it generally works out for us. Yet we might miss other paths and solutions that we’d never even consider.

Be aware of how others tackle problems and what strategies they use, whether in a work meeting, class lecture, or group project. Get curious about why they’re making specific choices and moving in a particular direction.

According to Monster’s The Future of Work: 2022 Global Report, problem-solving — a critical aspect of logical thinking — is one of the top three skills employers are looking for. Yet this same skill is also where employers see the most significant skill gap between what they need from a candidate and the candidate’s skill level.

So get ahead in the job search by continually improving your logical thinking skills and showing them off with concise but methodical answers to interview questions. You got this — and if you need more help leveling up your professional skills, try out Two Sigma’s Professional Skills Development Program .

Image Credit: Karolina Grabowska / Pexels

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    logical thinking: 1 n thinking that is coherent and logical Synonyms: abstract thought , reasoning Types: show 31 types... hide 31 types... analysis , analytic thinking the abstract separation of a whole into its constituent parts in order to study the parts and their relations argument , argumentation , line , line of reasoning , logical ...

  15. Logical thinking

    Noun 1. logical thinking - thinking that is coherent and logical abstract thought, reasoning cerebration, intellection, mentation, thinking, thought process, thought - the process of using your mind to consider something carefully; "thinking always made him frown"; "she paused for thought"

  16. Logic Definition & Meaning

    logic: [noun] a science that deals with the principles and criteria of validity of inference and demonstration : the science of the formal principles of reasoning. a branch or variety of logic. the formal principles of a branch of knowledge. a particular mode of reasoning viewed as valid or faulty. relevance, propriety. interrelation or ...

  17. Logical thinking definition and meaning

    Logical thinking definition: In a logical argument or method of reasoning , each step must be true if the step before... | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples

  18. Understanding Abstract Thinking: Development, Benefits & More

    The difference between collecting data and understanding its meaning is the difference between concrete and abstract thinking. ... Abstract thinking is considered a higher-order reasoning skill ...

  19. What Is Logical Thinking in the Workplace?

    The logical thinking definition is analyzing a situation or problem using reason and coming up with potential solutions. Logical thinkers gather all the information they can, assess the facts, and then methodically decide the best way to move forward.

  20. Logical Thinking at Work

    Logical thinking is a skill that involves using reasoning in a way that allows an individual to come to a viable solution. This skill allows someone to accurately analyze a situation, make any connections between data, and use the information gathered to solve the problem.