Physical Review Letters

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Volume 92, Issue 21

28 may 2004.

physical review letters 92

On the Cover

Plot of momentum correlation in the multiphoton double ionization of neon. The horizontal and vertical axes show, respectively, the component of the momentum in the polarization direction for each of the emitted electrons; the tendency is for both to be emitted in the same direction, in contrast to the back-to-back emission seen in single-photon double ionization.

From the article:

Fully Differential Rates for Femtosecond Multiphoton Double Ionization of Neon M. Weckenbrock, D. Zeidler, A. Staudte, Th. Weber, M. Schöffler, M. Meckel, S. Kammer, M. Smolarski, O. Jagutzki, V. R. Bhardwaj, D. M. Rayner, D. M. Villeneuve, P. B. Corkum, and R. Dörner Phys. Rev. Lett. 92 , 213002 (2004)

General Physics

Gravitation and astrophysics, nuclear physics, atomic, molecular, and optical physics, nonlinear dynamics, fluid dynamics, classical optics, etc., plasma and beam physics, condensed matter: structure, etc., condensed matter: electronic properties, etc., interdisciplinary physics: biological physics, quantum information, etc., exact decoherence to pointer states in free open quantum systems is universal, jens eisert, phys. rev. lett. 92 , 210401 (2004) – published 26 may 2004, show abstract, observation of half-quantum defects in superfluid he 3 − b, yu. mukharsky, o. avenel, and e. varoquaux, phys. rev. lett. 92 , 210402 (2004) – published 27 may 2004, realization of the einstein-podolsky-rosen paradox using momentum- and position-entangled photons from spontaneous parametric down conversion, john c. howell, ryan s. bennink, sean j. bentley, and r. w. boyd, phys. rev. lett. 92 , 210403 (2004) – published 28 may 2004, evolution of wave-packet spread under sequential scattering of particles of unequal mass, l. s. schulman, phys. rev. lett. 92 , 210404 (2004) – published 28 may 2004, continuous melting of compact polymers, jesper lykke jacobsen and jané kondev, phys. rev. lett. 92 , 210601 (2004) – published 28 may 2004, numerical simulation of orbiting black holes, bernd brügmann, wolfgang tichy, and nina jansen, phys. rev. lett. 92 , 211101 (2004) – published 24 may 2004, deflagrations and detonations in thermonuclear supernovae, vadim n. gamezo, alexei m. khokhlov, and elaine s. oran, phys. rev. lett. 92 , 211102 (2004) – published 28 may 2004, measuring the small-scale power spectrum of cosmic density fluctuations through 21 cm tomography prior to the epoch of structure formation, abraham loeb and matias zaldarriaga, phys. rev. lett. 92 , 211301 (2004) – published 25 may 2004, dynamical approach to the cosmological constant, shinji mukohyama and lisa randall, phys. rev. lett. 92 , 211302 (2004) – published 28 may 2004, in-medium effects on charmonium production in heavy-ion collisions, loïc grandchamp, ralf rapp, and gerald e. brown, phys. rev. lett. 92 , 212301 (2004) – published 28 may 2004, quantum phase transitions in mesoscopic systems, f. iachello and n. v. zamfir, phys. rev. lett. 92 , 212501 (2004) – published 26 may 2004, relativistic and qed corrections for the beryllium atom, krzysztof pachucki and jacek komasa, phys. rev. lett. 92 , 213001 (2004) – published 25 may 2004, fully differential rates for femtosecond multiphoton double ionization of neon, m. weckenbrock, d. zeidler, a. staudte, th. weber, m. schöffler, m. meckel, s. kammer, m. smolarski, o. jagutzki, v. r. bhardwaj, d. m. rayner, d. m. villeneuve, p. b. corkum, and r. dörner, phys. rev. lett. 92 , 213002 (2004) – published 28 may 2004, energy loss by kev ions in silicon, h. o. funsten, s. m. ritzau, r. w. harper, j. e. borovsky, and r. e. johnson, phys. rev. lett. 92 , 213201 (2004) – published 24 may 2004, mutual projectile-target ionization via the two-center dielectronic interaction in relativistic ion-atom collisions, a. b. voitkiv, b. najjari, and j. ullrich, phys. rev. lett. 92 , 213202 (2004) – published 27 may 2004, single-photon generation from stored excitation in an atomic ensemble, c. w. chou, s. v. polyakov, a. kuzmich, and h. j. kimble, phys. rev. lett. 92 , 213601 (2004) – published 25 may 2004, chaos in practically isolated microcavity lasers, sebastian wieczorek and weng w. chow, phys. rev. lett. 92 , 213901 (2004) – published 27 may 2004, self-similar evolution of parabolic pulses in a laser, f. ö. ilday, j. r. buckley, w. g. clark, and f. w. wise, phys. rev. lett. 92 , 213902 (2004) – published 27 may 2004, beyond the diffusing-wave spectroscopy model for the temporal fluctuations of scattered light, r. carminati, r. elaloufi, and j.-j. greffet, phys. rev. lett. 92 , 213903 (2004) – published 28 may 2004, shear band formation in granular media as a variational problem, t. unger, j. török, j. kertész, and d. e. wolf, phys. rev. lett. 92 , 214301 (2004) – published 28 may 2004, beam-beam limit in e + e − circular colliders, k. ohmi, m. tawada, y. cai, s. kamada, k. oide, and j. qiang, phys. rev. lett. 92 , 214801 (2004) – published 26 may 2004, nature of the isotope effect on transport in tokamaks, m. z. tokar, d. kalupin, and b. unterberg, phys. rev. lett. 92 , 215001 (2004) – published 28 may 2004, quantum size effects in the polarizability of carbon fullerenes, g. k. gueorguiev, j. m. pacheco, and david tománek, phys. rev. lett. 92 , 215501 (2004) – published 25 may 2004, fracture of silicate glasses: ductile or brittle, jean-pierre guin and sheldon m. wiederhorn, phys. rev. lett. 92 , 215502 (2004) – published 27 may 2004, universality in the vibrational spectra of single-component amorphous clusters, subir k. sarkar, gurpreet s. matharoo, and akhilesh pandey, phys. rev. lett. 92 , 215503 (2004) – published 27 may 2004, harmonic lattice behavior of two-dimensional colloidal crystals, p. keim, g. maret, u. herz, and h. h. von grünberg, phys. rev. lett. 92 , 215504 (2004) – published 27 may 2004, exceptional ideal strength of carbon clathrates, x. blase, philippe gillet, a. san miguel, and p. mélinon, phys. rev. lett. 92 , 215505 (2004) – published 28 may 2004, spectroscopic evidence of polymorphism in vitreous b 2 o 3, jason nicholas, stanislav sinogeikin, john kieffer, and jay bass, phys. rev. lett. 92 , 215701 (2004) – published 25 may 2004, in situ observation of carbon-nanopillar tubulization caused by liquidlike iron particles, toshinari ichihashi, jun-ichi fujita, masahiko ishida, and yukinori ochiai, phys. rev. lett. 92 , 215702 (2004) – published 25 may 2004, semiconducting surface reconstructions of p -type si(100) substrates at 5 k, l. perdigão, d. deresmes, b. grandidier, m. dubois, c. delerue, g. allan, and d. stiévenard, phys. rev. lett. 92 , 216101 (2004) – published 27 may 2004, ultrafast laser excitation of co / pt ( 111 ) probed by sum frequency generation: coverage dependent desorption efficiency, frédéric fournier, wanquan zheng, serge carrez, henri dubost, and bernard bourguignon, phys. rev. lett. 92 , 216102 (2004) – published 27 may 2004, emergence of supersteps on kh 2 po 4 crystal surfaces, t. n. thomas, t. a. land, w. h. casey, and j. j. deyoreo, phys. rev. lett. 92 , 216103 (2004) – published 28 may 2004, critical role of surface steps in the alloying of ge on si(001), j. b. hannon, m. copel, r. stumpf, m. c. reuter, and r. m. tromp, phys. rev. lett. 92 , 216104 (2004) – published 28 may 2004, shear at twin domain boundaries in yba 2 cu 3 o 7 − x, w. a. caldwell, n. tamura, r. s. celestre, a. a. macdowell, h. a. padmore, t. h. geballe, g. koster, b. w. batterman, and j. r. patel, phys. rev. lett. 92 , 216105 (2004) – published 28 may 2004, effect of particle-hole asymmetry on the mott-hubbard metal-insulator transition, d. o. demchenko, a. v. joura, and j. k. freericks, phys. rev. lett. 92 , 216401 (2004) – published 28 may 2004, orbital-selective mott transitions in the degenerate hubbard model, akihisa koga, norio kawakami, t. m. rice, and manfred sigrist, phys. rev. lett. 92 , 216402 (2004) – published 28 may 2004, de haas–van alphen effect across the metamagnetic transition in sr 3 ru 2 o 7, r. a. borzi, s. a. grigera, r. s. perry, n. kikugawa, k. kitagawa, y. maeno, and a. p. mackenzie, phys. rev. lett. 92 , 216403 (2004) – published 28 may 2004, climbing the entropy barrier: driving the single- towards the multichannel kondo effect by a weak coulomb blockade of the leads, s. florens and a. rosch, phys. rev. lett. 92 , 216601 (2004) – published 26 may 2004, detection of quantum confined states in au nanoclusters by alkali ion scattering, g. f. liu, z. sroubek, and j. a. yarmoff, phys. rev. lett. 92 , 216801 (2004) – published 25 may 2004, variable range hopping conduction in semiconductor nanocrystal solids, dong yu, congjun wang, brian l. wehrenberg, and philippe guyot-sionnest, phys. rev. lett. 92 , 216802 (2004) – published 25 may 2004, polarization surface-charge density of single semiconductor quantum rods, rishikesh krishnan, megan a. hahn, zhiheng yu, john silcox, philippe m. fauchet, and todd d. krauss, phys. rev. lett. 92 , 216803 (2004) – published 27 may 2004, evidence for luttinger-liquid behavior in crossed metallic single-wall nanotubes, b. gao, a. komnik, r. egger, d. c. glattli, and a. bachtold, phys. rev. lett. 92 , 216804 (2004) – published 27 may 2004, fast initial decay of molecular excitations at insulator surfaces, neng-ping wang, michael rohlfing, peter krüger, and johannes pollmann, phys. rev. lett. 92 , 216805 (2004) – published 28 may 2004, spatial structure of an individual mn acceptor in gaas, a. m. yakunin, a. yu. silov, p. m. koenraad, j. h. wolter, w. van roy, j. de boeck, j.-m. tang, and m. e. flatté, phys. rev. lett. 92 , 216806 (2004) – published 28 may 2004, spontaneous supercurrent induced by ferromagnetic π junctions, a. bauer, j. bentner, m. aprili, m. l. della rocca, m. reinwald, w. wegscheider, and c. strunk, phys. rev. lett. 92 , 217001 (2004) – published 26 may 2004, giant nernst effect in cecoin 5, r. bel, k. behnia, y. nakajima, k. izawa, y. matsuda, h. shishido, r. settai, and y. onuki, phys. rev. lett. 92 , 217002 (2004) – published 27 may 2004, systematic effects of carbon doping on the superconducting properties of mg ( b 1 − x c x ) 2, r. h. t. wilke, s. l. bud’ko, p. c. canfield, d. k. finnemore, raymond j. suplinskas, and s. t. hannahs, phys. rev. lett. 92 , 217003 (2004) – published 27 may 2004, direct relation between the low-energy spin excitations and superconductivity of overdoped high- t c superconductors, s. wakimoto, h. zhang, k. yamada, i. swainson, hyunkyung kim, and r. j. birgeneau, phys. rev. lett. 92 , 217004 (2004) – published 28 may 2004, thermoinduced magnetization in nanoparticles of antiferromagnetic materials, steen mørup and cathrine frandsen, phys. rev. lett. 92 , 217201 (2004) – published 26 may 2004, intrinsic susceptibility and bond defects in the novel two dimensional frustrated antiferromagnet ba 2 sn 2 zncr 7 p ga 10 − 7 p o 22, d. bono, p. mendels, g. collin, and n. blanchard, phys. rev. lett. 92 , 217202 (2004) – published 27 may 2004, self-healing of cdse nanocrystals: first-principles calculations, aaron puzder, a. j. williamson, françois gygi, and giulia galli, phys. rev. lett. 92 , 217401 (2004) – published 25 may 2004, nanodot-cavity electrodynamics and photon entanglement, wang yao, renbao liu, and l. j. sham, phys. rev. lett. 92 , 217402 (2004) – published 27 may 2004, light-induced gaps in semiconductor band-to-band transitions, q.  t. vu, h. haug, o.  d. mücke, t. tritschler, m. wegener, g. khitrova, and h.  m. gibbs, phys. rev. lett. 92 , 217403 (2004) – published 27 may 2004, how to observe high-dimensional two-photon entanglement with only two detectors, s. s. r. oemrawsingh, a. aiello, e. r. eliel, g. nienhuis, and j. p. woerdman, phys. rev. lett. 92 , 217901 (2004) – published 24 may 2004, qubits versus bits for measuring an integral of a classical field, lev vaidman and zion mitrani, phys. rev. lett. 92 , 217902 (2004) – published 25 may 2004, entanglement as a precondition for secure quantum key distribution, marcos curty, maciej lewenstein, and norbert lütkenhaus, phys. rev. lett. 92 , 217903 (2004) – published 27 may 2004, reconstruction of protein structures from a vectorial representation, markus porto, ugo bastolla, h. eduardo roman, and michele vendruscolo, phys. rev. lett. 92 , 218101 (2004) – published 28 may 2004, multichromophoric förster resonance energy transfer, seogjoo jang, marshall d. newton, and robert j. silbey, phys. rev. lett. 92 , 218301 (2004) – published 25 may 2004, universal behavior in a generalized model of contagion, peter sheridan dodds and duncan j. watts, phys. rev. lett. 92 , 218701 (2004) – published 24 may 2004, scaling of directed dynamical small-world networks with random responses, chen-ping zhu, shi-jie xiong, ying-jie tian, nan li, and ke-sheng jiang, phys. rev. lett. 92 , 218702 (2004) – published 27 may 2004, organization of ecosystems in the vicinity of a novel phase transition, igor volkov, jayanth r. banavar, and amos maritan, phys. rev. lett. 92 , 218703 (2004) – published 28 may 2004, comment on “electron correlation effects in resonant inelastic x-ray scattering of nav 2 o 5 ”, michel van veenendaal and a. j. fedro, phys. rev. lett. 92 , 219701 (2004) – published 26 may 2004, zhang et al. reply:, g. p. zhang, t. a. callcott, g. t. woods, l. lin, brian sales, d. mandrus, and j. he, phys. rev. lett. 92 , 219702 (2004) – published 26 may 2004, exchange model for oscillatory interlayer coupling and induced unidirectional anisotropy in [ pt / co ] 3 / nio / [ pt / co ] 3 multilayers, m. ye. zhuravlev, e. y. tsymbal, and s. s. jaswal, phys. rev. lett. 92 , 219703 (2004) – published 26 may 2004, erratum: stochastic modeling approach to the incubation time of prionic diseases [phys. rev. lett. 90 , 198101 (2003)], a. s. ferreira, m. a. a. da silva, and j. c. cressoni, phys. rev. lett. 92 , 219901 (2004) – published 25 may 2004, publisher’s note: supersymmetric patterns in the pseudospin, spin, and coulomb limits of the dirac equation with scalar and vector potentials [phys. rev. lett. 92 , 202501 (2004)], a. leviatan, phys. rev. lett. 92 , 219902 (2004) – published 28 may 2004.

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Physical Review Letters

Superlubricity of Graphite

Martin dienwiebel, gertjan s. verhoeven, namboodiri pradeep, joost w. m. frenken, jennifer a. heimberg, and henny w. zandbergen, phys. rev. lett. 92 , 126101 – published 24 march 2004.

Using a home-built frictional force microscope that is able to detect forces in three dimensions with a lateral force resolution down to 15 pN, we have studied the energy dissipation between a tungsten tip sliding over a graphite surface in dry contact. By measuring atomic-scale friction as a function of the rotational angle between two contacting bodies, we show that the origin of the ultralow friction of graphite lies in the incommensurability between rotated graphite layers, an effect proposed under the name of “superlubricity” [M. Hirano and K. Shinjo, Phys. Rev. B 41 , 11 837 (1990) ].



©2004 American Physical Society

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Reducing Friction without Oil

Phys. rev. focus 13 , 14 (2004), article text (subscription required), references (subscription required).

Vol. 92, Iss. 12 — 26 March 2004

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Physical Review Letters

Physical Review Letters (PRL) is the worlds premier physics letter journal and the American Physical Societys flagship publication. Since 1958 it has contributed to APSs mission to advance and diffuse the knowledge of physics by publishing seminal research by Nobel Prizewinning and other distinguished researchers in all fields of physics. Read Less

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physical review letters 92

Physical Review Letters

Anomalous Underscreening in the Restricted Primitive Model

Andreas härtel, moritz bültmann, and fabian coupette, phys. rev. lett. 130 , 108202 – published 9 march 2023.

Underscreening is a collective term for charge correlations in electrolytes decaying slower than the Debye length. Anomalous underscreening refers to phenomenology that cannot be attributed alone to steric interactions. Experiments with concentrated electrolytes and ionic fluids report anomalous underscreening, which so far has not been observed in simulation. We present Molecular Dynamics simulation results exhibiting anomalous underscreening that can be connected to cluster formation. A theory that accounts for ion pairing confirms the trend. Our results challenge the classic understanding of dense electrolytes impacting the design of technologies for energy storage and conversion.



© 2023 American Physical Society

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Vol. 130, Iss. 10 — 10 March 2023

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Phase diagram of the RPM for (a) the concentration c and Bjerrum length λ B and (b) for reduced temperature T * = σ / λ B and total number density ρ * = 2 ρ s σ 3 . Each symbol marks a parameter set for which we have run MD simulations. The data points for c = 0.1     mol / L and λ B = 0.1 , … , 5.0  nm are highlighted by an orange rectangle. Special symbols show the sets used in a previous theoretical study (DFT) [ 24 ] and in experiments [ 5 ] with NaCl in water (NaCl), [C4C1Pyrr][NTf2] in propylene carbonate (C4mix), and an ionic liquid (IL) (further details in the Supplemental Material [ 46 ]). Horizontal lines mark the region of liquid-gas phase coexistence [ 63 ]; see Ref. [ 64 ] for further phases.

Charge-correlation function h cc ( r ) in a representation that shows the decay length as the slope of the graph. This function was sampled by a MD simulation with c = 0.1     mol / L , λ B = 5     nm , and σ = 0.3     nm . The pole fits have the analytical form of Eq. ( 1 ), respectively (see Supplemental Material [ 46 ] for further details on the fits).

Decay lengths λ 1 and λ 2 obtained by fitting ∑ i = 1 n H i ( r ) , n ∈ { 1 , 2 , 3 } to bulk charge-correlation functions sampled from our MD simulations of the RPM as exemplarily shown in Fig.  2 . λ 1 represents decay lengths of the structural decay and λ 2 represents decay lengths of the long-ranged monotonic decay (compare poles 1 and 2 in Fig.  2 ). Note that in some cases we used a third pole for the fit [ 46 ]. We show the decay length λ in relation to the Debye length λ D against σ / λ D (depending on λ B and c ), as common in the literature on underscreening [ 11 ]. For each given concentration, we varied only the Bjerrum length. Large black circles represent data from experiments on an ionic liquid ( | ), NaCl in water ( + ), and [C4C1Pyrr][NTf2] in propylene carbonate ( ⨯ ) [ 5 ]. Dotted lines depict power laws as noted.

Decay lengths represented as in Fig.  3 . (a) Symbols without lines show decay lengths of anomalous underscreening ( λ 2 in Fig.  3 ) as obtained by fitting the charge-correlation functions from our MD simulations of the RPM. Triplets of vertically arranged blue symbols show decay lengths λ MD , f induced by free ions for different connectivity lengths d = 1.5 σ , d = 2 σ , d = 3 σ (from top to bottom) in the cluster search algorithm. Yellow lines show the prediction λ theory of our minimal theory. (b) Directly measured λ 1 and λ 2 obtained by fitting the charge-correlation functions sampled from our MD simulations for parameter pairs ( c , λ B ) as used in the experiments (EX) of [ 5 ]. The experimental data are described in Fig.  3 and also listed in the Supplemental Material [ 46 ]. Blue symbols show the resulting λ MD , f from our cluster analysis for the same parameters. Yellow symbols (line added for clarity) show the corresponding λ theory from our minimal theory.

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pág. 170601

New Nucleosynthesis Constraint on the Variation of G

L. M. Krauss, C. J. Copi, A. N. Davis

pág. 171301

Charged-Particle Decay and Suppression of Primordial Power on Small Scales

K. Sigurdson, M. Kamionkowski

pág. 171302

Cross Sections and Transverse Single-Spin Asymmetries in Forward Neutral-Pion Production from Proton Collisions at ¿s = 200 GeV

pág. 171801

Upper Bound on the Decay tau ¿ mugamma from the Belle Detector

pág. 171802

Evidence for M1 Scissors Resonances Built on the Levels in the Quasicontinuum of ^1^6^3Dy

M. Krticka, J. Honzatko, F. Becvar

pág. 172501

New Approach for Measuring Properties of rp-Process Nuclei

R. R. C. Clement

pág. 172502

Influence of Molecular Structure on Double Ionization of N~2 and O~2 by High Intensity Ultrashort Laser Pulses

pág. 173001

Slowing Heavy, Ground-State Molecules using an Alternating Gradient Decelerator

H. L. Bethlem, M. R. Tarbutt

pág. 173002

Two-Dimensional Bose-Einstein Condensate in an Optical Surface Trap

D. Rychtarik

pág. 173003

Observation of Enhanced Field-Free Molecular Alignment by Two Laser Pulses

M. D. Poulsen, C. Z. Bisgaard

pág. 173004

Coupling of Electron Orbital Motion with Rotation in the High Rydberg States of BH

A. T. Gilkison

pág. 173005

Evaporative Cooling of Helium Nanodroplets with Angular Momentum Conservation

K. K. Lehmann, A. M. Dokter

pág. 173401

Crossed Beam Pump and Probe Dynamics in Metal Clusters

K. Andrae, P.-G. Reinhard

pág. 173402

Excited-State Relaxation of Ag~8 Clusters Embedded in Helium Droplets

P. Radcliffe, A. Przystawik

pág. 173403

Mesoscopic Correlation with Polarization Rotation of Electromagnetic Waves

B. A. van Tiggelen, N. P. Tregoures, A. A. Chabanov

pág. 173901

Impact of Weak Localization in the Time Domain

S. K. Cheung

pág. 173902

Reactive Particles in Random Flows

pág. 174101

Diffusion and Mixing in Gravity-Driven Dense Granular Flows

A. Kudrolli, J. Choi, R. R. Rosales

pág. 174301

Noise, Coherent Fluctuations, and the Onset of Order in an Oscillated Granular Fluid

D. I. Goldman

pág. 174302

Cavitation Inception on Microparticles: A Self-Propelled Particle Accelerator

K. A. Morch, M. Arora, C.-D. Ohl

pág. 174501

Ordering Phenomena in Cooling Granular Mixtures

U. M. B. Marconi, C. Cattuto

pág. 174502

Space-Charge Driven Emittance Growth in a 3D Mismatched Anisotropic Beam

R. D. Ryne, I. Hofmann, J. Qiang

pág. 174801

Strong Reduction of the Degree of Spatial Coherence of a Laser Beam Propagating through a Preformed Plasma

C. Labaune, P. Michel, H. C. Bandulet

pág. 175001

Modeling of a Lower-Hybrid Current Drive by Including Spectral Broadening Induced by Parametric Instability in Tokamak Plasmas

R. Cesario, A. Cardinali

pág. 175002

Highly Efficient Relativistic-Ion Generation in the Laser-Piston Regime

S. V. Bulanov, T. Esirkepov, M. Borghesi

pág. 175003

Highly Resolved Fluid Flows: "Liquid Plasmas" at the Kinetic Level

M. Rubin-Zuzic, G. E. Morfill

pág. 175004

Bifurcation and Lorentz-Factor Scaling of Relativistic Magnetized Plasma Expansion

K. Nishimura, E. Liang

pág. 175005

Theory for Explosive Ideal Magnetohydrodynamic Instabilities in Plasmas

S. C. Cowley, H. R. Wilson

pág. 175006

Amplification of Ultrashort Laser Pulses by a Resonant Raman Scheme in a Gas-Jet Plasma

W. Cheng, S. Suckewer, N. J. Fisch, D. S. Clark, Y. Ping

pág. 175007

Excitations of the Orbital Order in RMnO~3 Manganites: Light Scattering Experiments

L. Martín Carrón

pág. 175501

Mechanical Properties of Nanosprings

A. F. da Fonseca

pág. 175502

Stability and Mobility of Mono- and Di-Interstitials in alpha-Fe

C.-C. Fu, F. Willaime

pág. 175503

Driving Force of Stacking-Fault Formation in SiC p-i-n Diodes

J. J. Sumakeris, M. Skowronski, S. Ha

pág. 175504

Metal-to-Semimetal Transition in Supercooled Liquid Silicon

U. V. Waghmare, S. S. Ashwin

pág. 175701

Bridging the Gap between Macro- and Nanotribology: A Quartz Crystal Microbalance Study of Tricresylphosphate Uptake on Metal and Oxide Surfaces

M. Abdelmaksoud

pág. 176101

Nanotube Wires on Commensurate InAs Surfaces: Binding Energies, Band Alignments, and Bipolar Doping by the Surfaces

M. J. Heben, S. B. Zhang, Y.-H. Kim

pág. 176102

Surfactant-Induced Surface Freezing at the Alkane-Water Interface

Colin D. Bain , Q. Lei

pág. 176103

"Hot-Atom" O~2 Dissociation and Oxide Nucleation on Al(111)

L. C. Ciacchi

pág. 176104

Nonunitary Spin-Charge Separation in a One-Dimensional Fermion Gas

M. B. Zvonarev, V. V. Cheianov

pág. 176401

Angular Distribution of Photoluminescence as a Probe of Bose Condensation of Trapped Excitons

P. B. Littlewood, L. S. Levitov, J. Keeling

pág. 176402

Mott Transition and Suppression of Orbital Fluctuations in Orthorhombic 3d^1 Perovskites

A. Poteryaev, S. Biermann, A. I. Lichtenstein, E. Pavarini

pág. 176403

Transition between Quantum States in a Parallel-Coupled Double Quantum Dot

J. C. Chen, M. R. Melloch, A. M. Chang

pág. 176801

Observation of "Partial Coherence" in an Aharonov-Bohm Interferometer with a Quantum Dot

H. Aikawa, K. Kobayashi

pág. 176802

Are Current-Induced Forces Conservative?

M. Di Ventra

pág. 176803

Frequency Scales for Current Statistics of Mesoscopic Conductors

K. E. Nagaev

pág. 176804

Coulomb Blockade of Proximity Effect at Large Conductance

M. A. Skvortsov, M. V. Feigel man, P. M. Ostrovsky

pág. 176805

Nondemolition Measurements of a Single Quantum Spin using Josephson Oscillations

L. Bulaevskii

pág. 177001

Staggered Flux Vortices and the Superconducting Transition in the Layered Cuprates

C. Honerkamp

pág. 177002

Test of the Wiedemann-Franz Law in an Optimally Doped Cuprate

K. Behnia, C. Proust, R. Bel, P. van der Linden

pág. 177003

Thermopower Induced by a Supercurrent in Superconductor-Normal-Metal Structures

P. Virtanen, T. T. Heikkila

pág. 177004

Competition between Helimagnetism and Commensurate Quantum Spin Correlations in LiCu~2O~2

T. Masuda, A. Zheludev

pág. 177201

Ordering and Excitations in the Field-Induced Magnetic Phase of Cs~3Cr~2Br~9

L. P. Regnault, B. Grenier , Y. Inagaki

pág. 177202

Griffiths Phase in Diluted Magnetic Semiconductors

V. M. Galitski

pág. 177203

Time-Resolved Fluorescence of Carbon Nanotubes and Its Implication for Radiative Lifetimes

T. F. Heinz, G. Dukovic, F. Wang, Louis E. Brus

pág. 177401

Femtosecond Study of the Interplay between Excitons, Trions, and Carriers in (Cd,Mn)Te Quantum Wells

P. Kossacki, P. Plochocka

pág. 177402

Generation and Characterization of Werner States and Maximally Entangled Mixed States by a Universal Source of Entanglement

M. Barbieri, F. De Martini

pág. 177901

Efficient Decomposition of Quantum Gates

J. J. Vartiainen

pág. 177902

Tripartite Quantum State Sharing

A. M. Lance

pág. 177903

Magnetic Phase Shifter for Superconducting Qubits

D. S. Golubovic

pág. 177904

Distinguishability and Indistinguishability by Local Operations and Classical Communication

pág. 177905

Exponential Speedup with a Single Bit of Quantum Information: Measuring the Average Fidelity Decay

R. Blume-Kohout, D. Poulin

pág. 177906

Anomalous Diffusion Probes Microstructure Dynamics of Entangled F-Actin Networks

D. R. Reichman, I. Y. Wong, M. L. Gardel

pág. 178101

Dephasing of Solid-State Qubits at Optimal Points

Y. Makhlin, A. Shnirman

pág. 178301

Nonvolatile Memory with Multilevel Switching: A Basic Model

M. J. Rozenberg

pág. 178302

Velocity and Hierarchical Spread of Epidemic Outbreaks in Scale-Free Networks

M. Barthelemy

pág. 178701

Hierarchy Measures in Complex Networks

A. Trusina, P. Minnhagen, S. Maslov

pág. 178702

Comment on "Higher Surface Energy of Free Nanoparticles"

H. M. Lu, Q. Jiang

pág. 179601

Nanda et al. Reply

A. Maisels, F. E. Kruis, K. K. Nanda

pág. 179602

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  1. Le LHE à la une de Physical Review Letters

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  1. Physical Review Letters

    APS is pleased to announce the launch of the newest Physical Review title, PRX Life. PRX Life will offer scientists from a broad range of disciplines—including physics, biology, chemistry, engineering, and medicine—a high impact, fully open access journal dedicated to publishing outstanding research at all scales of biological organization.

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    Physical Review Letters; Physical Review X; PRX Energy; PRX Life; PRX Quantum; Reviews of Modern Physics; Physical Review A; Physical Review B; Physical Review C; Physical Review D; ... Volume 92 January - June 2004. Volume 91 July - December 2003. Volume 90 January - June 2003. Volume 89 July - December 2002.

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    Physical Review Letters™is a trademark of the American Physical Society, registered in the United States, Canada, European Union, and Japan. The APS Physics logoand Physics logoare trademarks of the American Physical Society. Information about registration may be found here. the user has read and agrees to our Terms and

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    Physical Review Letters (PRL) is the worlds premier physics letter journal and the American Physical Societys flagship publication. Since 1958 it has contributed to APSs mission to advance and diffuse the knowledge of physics by publishing seminal research by Nobel Prizewinning and other distinguished researchers in all fields of physics.

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    Underscreening is a collective term for charge correlations in electrolytes decaying slower than the Debye length. Anomalous underscreening refers to phenomenology that cannot be attributed alone to steric interactions.

  20. Physical review letters. 2004, Vol. 92, Nº. 17

    Physical review letters Año 2004, Vol. 92, Número 17 Anomalies of Weakened Decoherence Criteria for Quantum Histories L. Diosi pág.170401 Excitation Spectroscopy of Vortex Lattices in a Rotating Bose-Einstein Condensate L. O. Baksmaty, S. J. Woo pág.170402 Ultracold Fermions and the SU(N) Hubbard Model W. Hofstetter, C. Honerkamp pág.170403