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- Game based assessments
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Watson Glaser Critical Thinking Tests
Complex and challenging critical thinking tests, including the Watson-Glaser, are used mostly by law firms.
About critical thinking tests and how they work, free practice critical thinking tests, the watson glaser critical thinking appraisal, what is measured by a watson glaser critical thinking test, what should i know before taking a watson glaser critical thinking test, major publishers' critical thinking tests, advice for all critical thinking tests, assessmentday's practice tests can help you to prepare for a critical thinking test, one final point, other test publishers.
Updated: 08 September 2022
Critical thinking tests, or critical reasoning tests, are psychometric tests used in recruitment at all levels, graduate, professional and managerial, but predominantly in the legal sector. However, it is not uncommon to find companies in other sectors using critical thinking tests as part of their selection process. This is an intense test, focusing primarily on your analytical, or critical thinking, skills. Some tests are still conducted by paper and pen, but, just like other psychometric tests, critical thinking tests are mostly administered online at home or on a computer at a testing center.
The questions are multiple choice, and these choices and the style of questions are explained in more detail further down the page. The tests will often follow these two common timings:
- 30 questions with a 40 minute time limit
- 80 questions with a 60 minute time limit
Critical Thinking can be defined in many ways and an exact description is disputed, however, most agree on a broad definition of critical thinking, that 'critical thinking involves rational, purposeful, and goal-directed thinking...by using certain cognitive skills and strategies.' An absence or lack of critical thinking skills at times may lead us to believe things which aren't true, because we haven't sufficiently analysed and criticized the information we've received or used this to formulate and independently test our own theories, arguments and ideas. These are all examples of critical thinking skills put into practice. Glaser (An Experiment in the Development of Critical Thinking, 1941) stated that to think critically involved three key parts:
- An attitude of being disposed to consider in a thoughtful way the problems and subjects that come within the range of one's experiences
- Knowledge of the methods of logical inquiry and reasoning
- Some skill in applying those methods
Note: AssessmentDay and its products are not affiliated with Pearson or TalentLens. Our practice tests are for candidates to prepare for the Watson Glaser Critical Thinking Appraisal; we do not sell tests for employers to select candidates.
Free Critical Thinking Test
Here, we have a full critical thinking test for you to practice for free. You can dive straight in and practice the full test (in blue at the bottom), or tackle each individual section one at a time.
All answers and explanations are included at the end of the test, or alternatively you can download the Solutions PDF. Each test has been given a generous time limit.
Critical Thinking Test 1
- 40 questions
Critical Thinking Test 2
Critical thinking test 3, critical thinking test 4.
TalentLens' Watson Glaser Critical Thinking Appraisal (WGCTA) is the most common critical thinking test. You can visit their official site here: Watson Glaser . Most other critical thinking tests are based on the Watson Glaser format. More than 90 years' of experience have led to many modifications and improvements in the test.
The Watson Glaser Critical Thinking Appraisal is widely regarded as a good predictor of work productivity and at identifying candidates with a good potential to become managers and occupy other positions as a senior member of staff. The latest edition of the Watson Glaser Critical Thinking Test has improved its validity, appealed more to businesses by focusing on business-relevant topics, switched to the Item Response Theory (IRT) for its scoring, updated norm groups, and integrated anti-cheat measures by having an online retest, which can be used to validate results.
Developed by Goodwin Watson and Edward Glaser, the Watson Glaser test is favored by law firms , keen to measure people's abilities to reason, reach conclusions and know when leaps in logic have been made. Skills which are required in the legal sector. The questions in each of the 5 sections aims to evaluate the candidate's ability to:
- 1. Arrive at correct inferences
- 2. Identify when an assumption has been made
- 3. Use deductive reasoning
- 4. Reach logical conclusions
- 5. Evaluate the effectiveness of arguments
Did You Know
The most recent revision of the W-GCTA was published in 2011 with notable improvements being better face validity and business-relevant items, scoring based on Item Response Theory (IRT), updated norm groups, and an online retest which can be used to validate a paper and pencil test result.
A Critical thinking tests assesses your ability in 5 key areas mentioned above; assumptions, arguments, deductions, inferences and interpreting information. Often in this order. A short paragraph of text a few sentences long or a single sentence is used as a starting point. This passage will contain information which you will base your answer to the question on. Another sentence is then presented to you and you will be asked to judge something about this sentence based on the information in the short paragraph. The five sections are explained in more detail here:
- Assumptions - You are being asked to state whether the information in the second set of text you are presented is an assumption made in the first paragraph. Quite a tricky concept to get your head around at first. In a nutshell, when people speak or make arguments, there are underlying assumptions in those arguments. Here you are presented with some assumptions and are asked to judge if that is being made in the original statement. For example in the statement "only people earning a high salary can afford a fast car," what's being assumed is that fast cars are expensive because only people who are earning a lot of money can buy one, however, what's not being assumed is that people without high salaries aren't legally allowed to buy a fast car. You are asked to choose whether an assumption has been made or has not been made.
- Arguments - You are presented with an argument, such as "Should college fees be abolished?" Regardless of your own opinions and thoughts on the argument, you are then presented with statements related to this original argument. You are asked to say whether the responses to the original argument of "Should college fees be abolished?" make for strong or weak arguments. Arguments are considered strong if they are related to the topic such as, "Yes, many people who would benefit from a college education do not because they cannot afford it. This hurts the country's economic growth." The argument presented is sound, related to the original question. Compare this with a weak argument, "No, I do not trust people who read a lot of books." It is clear that the second argument bears very little relation to the subject of the abolition of college tuition fees. This is not to say that an argument against the original argument will always be a weak one, or that an argument in favor will always be a strong one. For example, "Yes, I like people that read books," is in favor of the abolition as indicated by "yes," but that person's like or dislike of others that read books isn't related, or hasn't been explained how it's related to removing the fees. Carefully considering what is being said, remove it from your own personal opinions and political views to objectively analyse what someone else has put forward.
- Deductions - A few sentences of information are presented to you. Another separate short statement will also be shown to you, which is supposed to represent a conclusion that someone has reached. You will have to determine whether this conclusion logically follows from the information given to you. Can the statement be deduced from the information available>? If so, and without a doubt, then the conclusion follows, if not, then the conclusion does not follow. Your decision must be based on the information given and not from your own knowledge.
- Inferences - A short scenario is described to you, followed by possible inferences. The inferences are short statements. Imagine that these are what people have said is inferred from the scenario. Use your judgement and the short scenario to assess whether what's being said has actually been inferred from the passage and the likelihood of this inference. You are asked to rank each inference as either 'true,' 'false,' 'possibly true,' 'possibly false.' For some proposed inferences there isn't enough information to say either 'true' or 'false' so a fifth option is included; 'more information required.' You can only select one option from the five.
- Interpreting Information - Following a similar format to the previous four sections, a short passage of information and then a series of statements are shown to you. You are asked to judge whether the information in the passage can be interpreted as the statements suggest. The answer options are straightforward here; you either select 'conclusion follows,' or 'conclusion does not follow,' depending on whether or not you believe that the statement can be logically reached from the information given. Again, for this section and all others, you are to base your choice of answer on what you're given, not on any specialized knowledge you might have.
If a watson glaser critical thinking test is used in the early stages of the application process it's likely to be used as a screening tool. This puts some pressure on candidates to meet a minimum pass mark, which will allow them to be selected to go on to the next stage of the selection process. If it's used at a later stage in the process, the results from this will be combined with performance in other assessments, tests, exercises and interviews. All the information you need to answer the questions will be in the test. Below the details of a few companies' critical thinking tests are pointed out.
Here is a list of critical reasoning tests on the market at present, which candidates may be likely to encounter for recruitment, selection or development.
- W-GCTA - The Watson Glaser Critical Thinking Appraisal as it is formally called is the most ubiquitous critical thinking test out there. This is the one that you are most likely to encounter.
- GMAT - The general management aptitude test, used by business schools and colleges test students' critical thinking ability. The critical thinking questions are written in a business or finance context.
- SHL - SHL have produced the Critical Reasoning Test Battery composed of 60 critical reasoning questions with a strict time limit of 30 minutes.
- Cornell - Cornell have developed a critical thinking test to be used in educational environments. The two levels, X and Z, are aimed at children and adults, respectively.
- Area-specific - There are tests which focus on either numerical critical reasoning skills and verbal critical reasoning skills. These tests will ask only numerical or only verbal questions to assess your skills in a specific area.
Here is some general advice to help you perform to the best of your ability for your critical reasoning test.
- No prior knowledge - The key point here is that critical reasoning tests are measuring your ability to think, or the method that you use to reach a conclusion. You should therefore not rely on prior knowledge to answer the question. Questions will be written so that you do not need to know any specialist knowledge to answer the question. For example, you will not be expected to know mathematical formulas or laws of nature and to answer questions with that information. If you are given the formula and its description in the questions, you are expected to use that information to reach the answer.
- Carefully read the instructions - There are 5 sections to most critical thinking tests and each will assess a slightly different skill. Make sure you have read the instructions and understand what it is you are expected to do to answer the questions for this section. There is quite a difference between the Assumptions section and the Deductions section for example. Applying the rules of one to the other would lead to just guessing the answers and making many mistakes.
- Keep your eye on the timer - These tests are complex. You might find yourself fixated on answering one question and taking up a lot of the time you are allowed. Checking how much time you have every so often can help you to more evenly distribute your time between the questions. This is done to avoid spending too much time on one question when that time would be better spent answering more or checking your answers. This time management applies to all tests, but is particularly important with Critical Thinking tests, as many people believe they have such a large amount of time, but underestimate the number of questions they have to answer.
- Logical fallacies - Identifying logical fallacies is key to many parts of this test, and researching the difference between sound and fallacious logic will prove helpful in a critical reasoning test. A fallacy is an error in reasoning due to a misconception or a presumption, and an argument which employs a formal fallacy, logical fallacy or a deductive fallacy in its reasoning becomes an invalid argument. Researching the different types of fallacy (i.e. red herring argument, straw man argument, confusing correlation and causation etc.) can help you spot these in the test and correctly answer the question.
The practice tests that we have cover all of the sections of the Watson Glaser Critical Thinking test and these overlap with many of the variations in Critical Thinking tests produced by major publishers. practice helps to increase your confidence, gives you a chance to learn from your mistakes in a risk-free environment, and can reduce stress before an exam.
The best place to get advice on taking a critical thinking tests is the test publisher's website, for example this one for the Watson Glaser .
If you have already successfully passed a few initial stages of the application process, it's unlikely that companies will focus solely on your results in the Watson Glaser Critical Thinking test when deciding whether or not to hire you. This type of selection by results on one test is more likely if it is part of the early stages of the process. However, towards the later stages the company will look at your results across interviews, group exercises, other aptitude tests and your résumé and will collate all of this information before reaching a decision. If you have been invited to undertake a critical reasoning test then the organisation clearly has an interest in hiring you, let that fact inspire confidence and perform to the best of your ability on your test, good luck!
You may also be interested in these popular tests sections.
Watson-Glaser Critical Thinking Appraisal, Short Form
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Watson Glaser Test
This practice package will help you prepare for the Watson Glaser Critical Thinking Test. All exercises are based on the questions that are used in the assessments of the major assessment companies.
Watson Glaser Test Free Practice Test
We recommend that you first take a free practice test without time pressure. That way you can first see what kind of questions occur and how to solve them.
Assessment Practice pack
Parts of the watson glaser test practice pack, watson glaser test explanation.
The Watson Glaser Critical Thinking Test assesses your skills in reading, analyzing and interpreting text.
Critical thinking can be defined as 'the ability to consider a range of information derived from many different sources, to process this information in a creative and logical manner, challenging it, analysing it and arriving at considered conclusions which can be defended and justified’ (Moon, 2008).
Critical thinking skills include the ability to structure sound, solid argumentation, analyze available information, and make assumptions and inferences. Critical thinking is also about being able to evaluate available information and draw correct conclusions.
By far the most common form of critical thinking test is the Watson-Glaser Critical Thinking Appraisal (W-GCTA) published by TalentLens. You can visit their official site here: Watson Glaser. You will see that the questions in the practice package below correspond very well with the practice questions available at TalentLens.
The test consists of 5 parts. By first studying the components separately, you will ultimately score better on your assessment. All lessons contain a short explanation, three detailed example assignments and 3 exercises.
Watson Glaser Test assessments
We recommend that you do at least 3 practice sets with time pressure. At the end of each exercise set, we indicate how your score relates to the norm group and whether you need to work faster or more precisely to get the highest possible score on your assessment. This way you know exactly when you are optimally prepared.
Watson Glaser Test Evaluation of your results
View the results of the assessments you have completed to determine whether you are optimally prepared for the Watson Glaser Test. By clicking on an assessment, you will see more detailed results with personalized advice based on your results compared to the reference group.
Free Watson Glaser Test Practice: 2023 Prep Guide
Few hours of practice make all the difference.
Ace that Test!
The Watson Glaser Critical Thinking Appraisal Test (WGCTA) assesses your critical thinking skills. Your potential employer will be able to evaluate your ability to recognize assumptions, evaluate arguments, and draw conclusions based on the given information, so your best approach is to familiarize yourself with the test’s format and challenges and practice as much as you can.
Did you know?
The Watson Glaser Test is divided into five sections: (1) inferences, (2) recognition of assumptions, (3) deduction, (4) interpretation, and (5) evaluation of arguments. While every company treats scores differently, a 75% score will give you the best chance to be hired by a top law firm. Candidates who do well are those who are able to think critically and move through the different test sections quickly.
The newest version of the Watson Glaser test—Watson Glaser III—is a timed test. You will have to complete 40 questions in 30 minutes. Along with sample questions, which are introduced before each part of the test, the administration time may extend to 40 minutes. Watson Glaser is divided into 5 sections—inferences, recognition of assumptions, deductions, interpretations, and evaluation of arguments.
Watson Glaser test is a critical thinking test and to pass the test, you need to have strong problem solving and analytical skills, and you should be able to find a quick solution after examining all aspects of a problem. These aspects can be improved by simulating accurate Watson Glaser practice tests, more so if these are followed by detailed solutions and solving methods, like the practice tests offered by iPrep.
Watson Glaser Navigation Pad
Question types explained, preparation strategies, test features, results scale & interpretations, frequently asked questions, administration, test provider, watson glaser question types explained.
There are 40 questions on the Watson Glaser Critical Thinking Appraisal Test (WGCTA).
The test is divided into 5 sections, each assessing a different aspect of critical thinking. The sections are presented on the test in this order:
All questions are multiple-choice (five choices in inference and two choices in all the rest of the questions).
Between each section, you will have a short break in which the type of questions of the next questions is introduced. Do not count on resting as each of these introductions takes 2-3 minutes at most.
The five distinct types of questions on the Watson Glaser test are introduced in sections in the same order as the sections below. Read more about each of them and try a sample question. iPrep’s Watson Glaser practice tests cover these questions and these questions only, focusing you on the format that you will encounter on test day.
In these questions, you are given a short passage containing textual and sometimes statistical information. Two or three inferences are offered for each passage. Your task is to rate the probability of the truth of inferences based on the information given. You should not assume anything else besides the given information. There are five options to choose from:
- True – the inference is definitely true and can be completely drawn based on the passage. This is equivalent to an answer such as: “After examining this information, what you’re saying must be true!”
- Probably True – the inference is in line with the information presented, but there is not enough evidence for you to be completely sure that it is true. This is equivalent to an answer such as: “I see what you are trying to prove, and it makes sense; yet, you cannot be sure about it.”
- Insufficient Data – The information in the passage provides no evidence to either support or undermine the inference. This is equivalent to the answer: “Based on what you have told me, I have no idea if it is true or false.”
- Probably False – the inference deviates from the information provided and interprets it in a way that seems unlikely. Yet, there is a slim chance that it is true after all. This is equivalent to an answer such as: “What you are saying seems so far-fetched based on the evidence we have. It is really unlikely that it is correct.”
- False – the inference is definitely false as the information in the passage directly contradicts it. This is equivalent to answering: “The data says one thing and you say exactly the opposite! This cannot be true!”
A Winning Inference Tip:
Though there are five possible options, you should not expect that each of the inferences will fall under one of the five options. You can definitely expect that one or two answers will appear more than once. Therefore, consider each inference anew and do not rely on previous answers you have given.
Try an Inference Sample Question
A worldwide study shows that there are behavioral shifts among consumers. 41% said that they are “increasingly looking for ways to save money.” Consumers are largely brand loyal but shop around for the best prices. Only 12% of consumers have traded down to buy cheaper brands (such as bottled water), with 11% trading up (with products such as cosmetics). There has been a big shift towards online shopping.
None of those who trade down also trade up.
- Probably True
- Insufficient Data
- Probably False
The correct answer is Insufficient Data.
We cannot tell from the evidence of those who trade down (12% of consumers) and those who trade up (11% of consumers), what relationship there is between the two in terms of whether there is any overlap between the two groups. Though it might seem highly unlikely that there would be an overlap, the statements allow for this with the reference to the different products (bottled water, cosmetics). Even if the word “none” had been replaced by “few” or “many,” we would still have insufficient data to draw the inference.
- Recognition of Assumptions
In these questions, a quote or a short statement is presented. In most cases, even if the assumption is not explicitly stated, the speaker or provider of the information must have a couple of things he or she takes for granted or considers as necessarily true to justify the statement. Your goal is to judge whether the suggested assumption is made by the author or not. There are only two options to choose from:
- Assumption Made – the author clearly assumed the suggested assumption because, without the assumption, the statement does not make sense.
- Assumption Not Made – the author does not have to assume a proposed assumption as it either undermines the statement or is irrelevant for the justification of the statement.
A Winning Recognition of Assumptions Tip:
To assess whether an assumption is necessary and important, try for a moment to assume the complete opposite. A contradictory/negative assumption may shed light on the necessity of the original assumption. A more in-depth view of this “negative assumption” solving method is included within iPrep’s guide.
Try a Recognition of Assumptions Sample Question
Statement: “Getting a highly paid position in a top law firm is difficult, so young lawyers need to get lots of experience in the law.”
Proposed Assumption: Getting a highly paid position in a top law firm is possible.
- Assumption made
- Assumption not made
This assumption is made.
Though the statement indicates that it “is difficult” to get “a highly paid position in a top law firm,” it must be possible to do this, otherwise, the “so” part of the statement could not be given.
Check this answer, using the negative test.
Getting a highly paid position in a top law firm is not possible.
Since this does not fit with the statement (even going as far as challenging the claim that getting this type of position is “difficult”), the assumption must be made.
In these questions, you must apply pure logic to conclude whether a proposed conclusion is definitely true based on the provided evidence/premises, or not. The evidence must be considered as utter truth, even if it is debatable in the real world. There are only two options to answer the question:
- Conclusion Follows – the conclusion definitely follows from the evidence/premises. If the premises are true, then the conclusion must be true.
- Conclusion Does Not Follow – this answer should be chosen in any other case: if the evidence contradicts, does not support, or even leaves a shred of a doubt regarding the correctness of the conclusion, choose this answer.
A Winning Deduction Tip:
Remember that the premises must be considered complete truth. In addition, remember that you cannot generalize the premises or extend their claim to areas that encompass more cases than those the premises refer to. For example, if a premise refers to accountancy firms, banks, and investment companies, you cannot generalize it to “financial institutions.”
Try a Deduction Sample Question
Some producers of renewable energy rely heavily on government subsidies. All companies that rely heavily on government subsidies will one day have to manage without them. Therefore…
Some producers of renewable energy will one day need to operate without government subsidies.
- Conclusion follows
- Conclusion does not follow
This conclusion follows the premises.
If we look at the structure of the premises in a simplified form, we get “Some A are B. All B are C.”
This diagram represents a plausible organization of groups A, B, and C:
So, it must follow that some A are C.
In these questions, like the deduction questions, you also need to decide whether a proposed conclusion follows or not. This time, though, the standard is not “definite truth” as it is in the deduction section, but “beyond reasonable doubt.” This criterion is a strong one but it is weaker than the one used in deduction. To arrive at your conclusion, you must only consider the information provided in the passage, which for the purpose of the test is considered as true. To summarize, you must choose between two options:
- Conclusion Follows – the conclusion follows from the evidence/premises beyond a reasonable doubt, which means that it is very unlikely that it will not be true, eventually. You may be able to describe a situation in which the conclusion does not follow, but this scenario is rather unusual.
- Conclusion Does Not Follow – this answer should be chosen if the information clearly contradicts the conclusion; if there is no sufficient information to prove or undermine the conclusion; and even if there is a much greater chance that the conclusion follows but there is still a reasonable scenario in which the conclusion doesn’t follow.
A Winning Interpretation Tip:
Each passage is followed by two or three proposed conclusions. These conclusions may seem related to one another. However, when you make a decision as to whether a conclusion follows or not, you should only take into account the information presented in the passage and not any conclusions that were presented before the conclusion you currently examine. Do not let your decisions regarding previous conclusions mislead you.
Try an Interpretation Sample Question
It is predicted that, by 2055, half of today’s work activities could be automated. The activities most susceptible to automation are physical ones in highly structured and predictable environments and those involved in the collection and processing of data. In advanced economies, such activities make up 51% of all economic activities.
Half of today’s jobs will disappear by 2055.
This conclusion does not follow beyond a reasonable doubt from the premises.
The prediction given in the evidence is that “by 2055, half of today’s work activities could be automated.” This is not necessarily equivalent to half of today’s jobs disappearing since jobs could change to fit with the change in “work activities.”
- Evaluation of Arguments
In these questions, you are presented with a business or social dilemma: “Should Measure X be taken?” Usually, two arguments follow each dilemma. Each argument may either advocate in favor or against the proposed action. Either way, your goal is not to justify the arguments but to analyze them and decide whether the argument is weak or strong:
- Argument Strong – for an argument to be strong, it must be both important and directly related to the question. An important argument provides social/moral/financial justification for the action. A directly related argument deals precisely with the subject and the main issue at stake. It does not over-generalize it or deal with a secondary issue.
- Argument Weak – an argument is weak if it is of minor importance or if it is related only to trivial aspects of the question. It is weak even if it is of general great importance but not directly related to the question.
A Winning Evaluation of Arguments Tip:
You must remember that your personal agreement with the argument is irrelevant in this case. As in many fields, such as state politics and social welfare, there might be strong arguments in favor or against almost any proposal. You may think of a proposal as the most ethical and reasonable solution, or condemn it wholeheartedly. On the test, however, you must disregard your emotions and perceptions and refer only to the criteria for strong and weak arguments.
Try an Evaluation of Arguments Sample Question
Should tariffs on foreign goods be used as a way of protecting domestic jobs?
No; some domestic jobs are created as a result of importing foreign goods.
- Argument strong
- Argument weak
This argument is strong.
This provides both a relevant and important challenge to the question. If the focus is on the protection of domestic jobs, then risking the reduction of foreign imports through tariffs (by consequent price-increases) could reduce the number of jobs in some domestic industries.
Watson Glaser Preparation Strategies
There are many general tips on how to prepare for a test. The following preparation strategies, however, are customized for the Watson Glaser test. Follow them, and ensure yourself a better chance of passing the test.
Forget What You Know About Logic – Learn Watson-Glaser’s Logic
Many people who are getting ready to take the Watson-Glaser test have learned about logic and critical thinking at some time in their life. Paradoxically, this might be a threat. The Watson Glaser test is criticized by many critical thinking professors for not being in line with common logic practices. This should not interest you one bit.
In order to do well on the Watson Glaser test, you should only stick to its logic. To do that, study the specific test format and test concepts very well. Also, use a guide that is dedicated to the Watson Glaser test. General critical thinking guides or guides that claim that they cover all the critical thinking tests, including the Watson Glaser test, will not help you do well. Such guides are likely to teach you concepts that you do not need or even concepts that contradict Watson-Glaser’s logic.
Finally, take Watson Glaser practice tests and learn from their solutions. Do not settle for general critical thinking practice tests.
Get Used to Relying Only On The Provided Information
It is very difficult not to rely on your previous knowledge. The new versions of the Watson Glaser test also deal with contemporary issues about which you are already familiar and about which you may have strong opinions. You must put all that aside.
As part of its attitude towards assessing critical thinking, the WGCTA states that all the information that is provided as preliminary information for the questions (arguments, statements, premises, statistics) must be considered as utter truth. Even if you are certain there are inaccuracies in it. This information is the only source from which you must glean your judgments before choosing the correct answer—not what you learned on the internet, not what your parents taught you, and not even what your moral compass is telling you.
This is an intentional feature of the test, as the creators believe that it better assesses the person’s ability to be detached from biases and emotions while making a decision. As a crucial aspect of the test, many people lose points because they provide “external” justifications to their choices. Don’t fall into that trap!
Learn The Differences Between The Three Types Of Conclusions On The Watson Glaser Test
In three types of questions—inference, deduction, and interpretation—you may want to mark a conclusion/inference as “follows/true.” The conditions for the conclusion to follow (or not to follow) in each of these three are somewhat different. To be well-prepared for the test, you must fully understand the differences between the categories and establish three sets of reasoning that you can apply on demand. The question-type descriptions on this page provide some insight into this, and the guides and practice questions of the course explain it well.
Practice Timed Simulations
The Watson Glaser is now a timed test, unlike most of the other critical thinking tests and the practice tests which are available online. This is a very significant step taken by the test publisher as time pressure adds to the test’s difficulty, and it poses a challenge to those who are less confident taking tests under time constraints. Overall, the time constraint (40 questions in 30 minutes) is not considered severe but it adds to the general stress level and may result in careless mistakes.
This is why it is important to practice using Watson Glaser tests that are timed. Familiarizing yourself with the time pressure will reduce its adverse impact while you take the actual test. You may even gain a few time-saving tips along the way.
Develop Your Specialized Toolbox of Solving Techniques
The Watson Glaser test doesn’t only assess your general ability to disseminate information. It may also include bits of information that are meant to confuse you and make you choose incorrect answers.
However, to avoid such mistakes, there are plenty of solving techniques that can be used to solve each of the types of Watson Glaser questions. If you choose courses that are aware of these solving techniques, and share them with you, you will find that they are invaluable in helping you earn points and save time.
The iPrep preparation course introduces such techniques to help you wisely solve each type of question. For example, it teaches you how to evaluate an assumption from contradictory perspectives to understand if it is necessary or not. It also teaches you logic that will help you manipulate the premises in the deduction questions in a way that will make it easier to evaluate the conclusions.
Even if you do not have access to a preparation guide for the Watson Glaser test, try to create your own toolbox of solving methods and repeatedly apply them to make them more intuitive for you.
Fast facts (tl;dr).
- Total of 40 questions.
- The test has a 30-minute time limit.
- Question types: inferences, recognition of assumptions, deductions, interpretations, and evaluation of arguments.
- Three types of questions are evaluated on a single “drawing conclusions” scale—inference, deduction, and interpretation.
Watson Glaser III was introduced in the US in 2018, and a short time later, it started to be administered in the UK. The newest version of the Watson Glaser Critical Thinking Test introduces some old and some new features.
Three Scoring Scales – The RED Model
Since the introduction of Watson Glaser II, the results of the test have been reported according to a three-scale model—the RED Model of critical thinking:
- Recognition of Assumptions – this scale is based solely on the second section of the test, which has the same name. It reports how sensitive you are to assumptions and presuppositions in the information. If you do it well, it means that you are likely to reveal information gaps or unfounded logic.
- Evaluating Arguments – this scale is based solely on the fifth section of the test, which also has the same name. If you do it well, you are skilled in analyzing information objectively and accurately. This means that you won’t let emotions and biases obscure your judgment.
- Drawing Conclusions – this scale is based on three types of questions, which all deal with the art of drawing conclusions from information—inference, deduction, and interpretation. It is a prominent scale, which is based on 16 questions rather than 12 questions in the first two scales. If you do it well, it means that you have a good sense of judgment and that you will know how to weigh data and information and arrive at solid conclusions that do not overgeneralize or misread the information.
Watson Glaser – Now a Timed Test
Watson Glaser II is proctored and untimed. It is recommended to complete it within 30-40 minutes, though, because your time is registered by the proctors.
Watson Glaser III introduces a new approach—all tests are timed. You have 30 minutes total (excluding instructions that are given in between) to answer 40 questions. The justification for this is that making informed decisions under time constraints is more demanding.
Item Bank Instead of Fixed Forms
Watson Glaser II is based on two carefully established fixed forms—form D and form E. These became so prevalent that people started sharing information about these forms online.
The new, and now the most prevalent form—Watson Glaser III—no longer suffers from this problem and poses a greater challenge to the test takers. It is based on a bank of carefully selected items that are randomly pulled during the test. The item bank is large enough to ensure that no candidate encounters the same test, yet it maintains a normalized level of difficulty.
The iPrep Watson Glaser practice tests are also different from one another and make sure that you face a broad variety of items and are not surprised by the various items that may appear on the real test.
Used Primarily by Business and Financial Oriented Organizations
Many legal firms, banks, and other financial institutions use this logical thinking test as a part of their selection process for ensuring they have only the most talented people on board. This trend was acknowledged by the Watson Glaser developers, which gradually changed the topics of the informational passages on the test from general topics to business-oriented topics.
Watson Glaser II Vs. Watson Glaser III
The Watson Glaser test saw some significant changes over the years, adapting it to modern conditions and its business-oriented market.
Two versions of the Watson Glaser Test Two are currently available:
- Watson Glaser II forms D & E (computerized or pen & paper)
- Watson Glaser III (only computerized)
The main differences between the two versions is that Watson Glaser III is based on an item bank of questions, does not need a test proctor, and has a time limit of 30 minutes. The following table depicts the differences in detail:
Watson Glaser – an international test
The Watson Glaser Critical Thinking Appraisal Test is published by Pearson Assessments, an international company with offices in 14 countries. The test features critical reasoning questions and is available in dozens of languages and countries around the world including the United States, United Kingdom, and Canada. The test is identical no matter where it is administered.
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Results Scale and Interpretations
Watson Glaser test results are broken down into two different reports, a profile report and a development report, which are provided to the prospective employer. Some organizations may share results with test takers, especially if the test was given for developmental purposes.
There is no penalty for guessing the wrong answer on the Watson Glaser test. Since most questions have only two answers to choose from, the raw score is generally rather high and above 50%; therefore, it is usually considered a good score if you get at least 75% of the questions right, which means answering 30 questions out of 40 questions correctly.
The profile report rates you with an overall percentile score, which is further broken down into the candidate percentile in three subscales:
- Recognize Assumptions: This test is all about understanding what the question states and analyzing whether the info mentioned is correct, or whether there’s any evidence that backs the stated information.
- Evaluate Arguments: Evaluating arguments means logically working with a problem and critically evaluating it. It is about symmetrically analyzing the argument and the evidence provided.
- Draw Conclusions: Candidates need to come to a logical conclusion based on the evidence provided. A candidate with strong critical thinking skills will be able to draw conclusions that would then lead to another conclusion.
While the Profile Report does include the raw number of correct answers, the percentile rank is more important. The percentile scoring system of WG-III accounts for question difficulty. It not only factors in the number of correct answers, but the difficulty of those questions as well. It also takes into account the norm group of the candidate, which provides different score distribution by occupation, position, and level of education.
For instance, here is a sample score report for a candidate for a managerial position. It reports the overall critical thinking percentile and three subscale scores according to the RED model. It portrays an overall average candidate with a high skill of evaluating arguments, average skill of drawing conclusions, and low skill of recognizing assumptions.
Contrary to Watson Glaser III, the WGCTA-II Profile Report also shows employers your raw scores in the three different categories, as seen below. However, this version of the test becomes less and less common, so you are not likely to encounter such a breakdown.
Watson Glaser Passing Score – by Norm Groups
Your raw score is important but it is not the deciding factor for determining whether you pass the test or not. The Watson Glaser score can be interpreted with several established norm groups – either by occupation (accountant, consultant, engineer, etc.), by position type/level (executive, manager, entry-level, etc.), or by educational background (high school, college, graduate, etc.). It is up to the recruiting company to decide which norm group to use when assessing your score. Customized norms may also be created for large organizations.
The development report demonstrates the strengths of their employees. When given to the candidates/employees, it also guides them as to how to further explore specific skill areas and improve their skills.
Candidates with skilled behavior in the area will identify what is being taken for granted, and explore diverse viewpoints on the subject. Identifying the assumptions will help you reveal information gaps and enhance your understanding of the subject.
If you scored “Strength To Leverage” in this skill area, it means you possess strong skills in recognizing assumptions.
Candidates who can objectively and accurately evaluate arguments are likely to be hired by many organizations. Such candidates can overcome confirmation bias and also possess the capability to analyze an argument’s reasoning and supporting evidence, and explore counter-arguments even when doing so is controversial. When evaluating controversial arguments, emotions can play a negative role, as they can cloud your evaluation capabilities.
If you scored “Further Exploration” in this parameter it means that your skills are average when compared to other candidates.
Drawing conclusions means reaching the conclusion which logically follows the evidence available for a particular problem. Furthermore, reaching a conclusion means evaluating information from diverse sources, and even changing your position on a subject when warranted by the available evidence.
If you scored “Opportunity For Development” in this parameter, it means that you are expected to improve your scores and that your skills are average when compared to other candidates.
Watson Glaser FAQs
There are two current versions of the test. The Watson Glaser II Critical Thinking Appraisal (WGCTA II) forms D & E and Watson Glaser III (WG III). While both versions of the test measure the same type of skills, there are some differences. WG III, which is the newest version, draws its questions from a large bank of items. Since every instance of the test is different, candidates can take the test without supervision. WG III is almost always timed (with an exception in the US to allow reasonable test accommodations). WG II, on the other hand, requires a proctor, and is not timed. Watson Glaser I forms A, B, C, and S (Short) are obsolete and are no longer used in most cases.
A good score on the Watson Glaser Test is usually 75%-85%. Each company that administers the test has different standards, and may compare your score against established norm groups. For example, a score of 75% or higher will give you the best chance to be selected by a top law firm, but to become a director in a financial corporation, you are expected to score about 85%. Note that the scoring system takes into account the level of difficulty of each question—incorrectly answering easy questions or correctly answering difficult ones has higher significance on the final score.
The Watson-Glaser test is difficult, especially for individuals who aren’t familiar with the question types in the test. Familiarizing oneself with the test through practice tests will make it easier to move through the test quickly, and the tips and tricks available through most practice test companies will help you quickly answer questions.
The most important thing you can do to pass a critical thinking test is to take a practice test beforehand. The practice test will familiarize you with the type of questions you can expect to see on the test, and help you understand what the test is measuring.
The test will measure your ability to do the following: 1. Draw Inferences 2. Recognize assumptions 3. Think critically and logically interpret information 4. Draw conclusions based on given facts 5. Evaluate arguments as weak or strong
The test is divided into 5 sections: 1. Inferences: In this section, you will be provided with a list of possible inferences which you will be asked to rate as true or false. 2. Recognition of assumptions: In this section, you will encounter assumptions-based questions. 3. Deductions: You will be asked to make deductions using the information from the passage. Given a few proposed conclusions, you will be asked to decide for each if it “follows,” or “does not follow” the passage’s logic. 4. Interpreting information: In this section, you will need to interpret information from the questions to decide if each conclusion is based on the given information or not. Your answer should be based solely on the provided information and not on prior knowledge which may mislead you. 5. Analyzing arguments: To examine arguments, you will have to assess whether the provided statement is strong or weak.
There will be 40 multiple choice questions that you need to complete in only 30 minutes in the timed version.
Watson Glaser is a critical thinking test. Critical thinking is considered a crucial factor because candidates who possess this trait are often good decision-makers and arrive at informed, precise, and objective conclusions instantly. Solid decision making, problem-solving skills, and strategic thinking set the foundation for a successful candidate, organizations use these to screen and hire talented people. Companies utilize the Watson Glaser test to hire strong, dedicated employees who will go on to become future leaders. Taking Watson Glaser practice tests will help to effectively use information and make the right decision. This, in turn, will ensure passing the test.
No, yet the Watson Glaser critical thinking test is a very common recruitment phase in many leading law firms, especially in the United Kingdom, even more so for recent university graduates. If you would like to practice law at Hogan Lovells, Clifford Chance, Linklaters, CMS, or Freshfields, you will need to do well on the Watson Glaser and score at least 80%. The test is also the basis for the UK’s BCAT exam.
Yes. Watson Glaser believes that it is essential for employee assessment to analyze and make decisions under pressure, which is why the test is timed. In the timed version, you will only have 30 minutes to complete the test.
The best way to prepare for the Watson Glaser test is with the types of questions you will find on the real test. You should use a prep course, such as iPrep, that will prepare you for the critical thinking questions that appear on the Watson Glaser test, and not on general critical thinking tests, as they differ.
The best way to beat the Watson Glaser test is to prepare yourself in advance, using a similar environment to best simulate the experience. If you are taking the timed version, make sure to time yourself so you can figure out which questions you need more time to answer and which questions you can breeze through.
Many different companies and law firms use the Watson Glaser to evaluate potential employees. They include, but are not exclusive to, the following: Bank of England, BCAT, Deloitt, Dentons, Linklaters, Simmons & Simmons.
Watson Glaser Test Tips
1. answer strictly based on the provided info.
Answer each question solely based on the conditions and facts provided in the question, and not by using your own industry knowledge.
2. Read each question carefully and don’t skip paragraphs or sentences
You might encounter long questions which you may be tempted to skim through. Don’t! By quickly scanning the question, you may miss valuable information you will need to get the right answer. Read thoroughly and then make your decision.
3. Try finding logic in the statements
Answering each question in the Watson Glaser test requires finding a logical connection between the statements. Analyze the statements and try to find logic between them.
4. Learn to manage the time
Since there will be both long and short questions, the time spent on each question is difficult to assess in advance. However, through practice, you should know how to manage time without skipping any question. Learn to pace and compete with time.
5. Plan and practice
Lastly, to ace any test, precise planning and continuous practice are a must! Therefore, practice as many questions as you can beforehand.
- Test Location: The Watson-Glaser test is either administered online at home by accessing a link sent to the candidate or by the hiring company, typically in their office.
- Test Schedule: The test generally takes place following at least an initial interview.
- Test Format: Multiple choice questions delivered either online (Watson Glaser II) or in pen-paper format (Watson Glaser II forms D & E only)
- Test Materials: Computer or pen & paper.
- Cost: Usually covered by the recruiting organization.
- Retake Policy: Determined by each employer.
The Watson-Glaser test is owned and published by Pearson, one of the largest educational organizations in the world. It is part of the Pearson Talent-Lens portfolio, which focuses on pre-employment talent assessment and employee growth. The test was initially developed by Goodwin Watson and Edward Glaser.
With more than 80 years of experience in the assessment field, Pearson’s Clinical Assessment group offers innovative and comprehensive products and services. Some of the company’s brands include the Wechsler and Kaufman families of products, MMPI, BASC, OLSAT, CELF, and PLS. Pearson serves 300,000 customers in the U.S. with assessments for psychologists, speech-language, pathologists, occupational therapists, and related professionals.
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Disclaimer – All the information and prep materials on iPrep are genuine and were created for tutoring purposes. iPrep is not affiliated with Pearson’s Clinical Assessment Group, which is the owner of the Watson-Glaser test.
Get to know what the Watson Glaser Critical Thinking Appraisal Test (WGCTA) will be like by taking this free Watson Glaser Practice test:
Question 1 of 5
First Type – Inference
There are three general groups of countries that show the relationship between personal income and happiness levels. In some countries (such as Germany), both personal incomes and happiness levels have increased at the same rate over the past 10 years. In others (such as China), personal incomes have doubled over the past decade, but average happiness has increased by only 0.43 points. In 43 countries (including India and the US), incomes have risen, but happiness levels have declined.
Inference – The happiness level in some countries can be higher or lower than in others with the same personal income levels.
The correct answer is Probably True.
Given that the relationship between personal incomes and happiness levels is shown to have three different correlations, it is probably true that countries with the same personal income levels can be correlated with both those with higher and lower happiness levels. Though one cannot infer this with complete certainty, given that the evidence does not enable such as definite inference, there is sufficient evidence here of the three different correlations between income levels and happiness to make it probably true that these correlations include the possibility given here.
Question 2 of 5
Second Type – Recognition of Assumptions
Statement: “Those companies that are especially vulnerable to high levels of cyberattacks should invest more in data security, either internally or by bringing in external experts.”
Proposed Assumption – Companies that are especially vulnerable to high levels of cyberattacks do not invest in data security.
This assumption is not made.
The recommendation of the need to “invest more in data security” does not require the belief that companies do not already invest. It is just that they need to invest more.
The negative test shows that, since the negative version isn’t a problem for the statement, this is not assumed.
Companies that are especially vulnerable to high levels of cyberattack do invest in data security.
Question 3 of 5
Third Type – Deduction
Premises: If resources are used to limit future global warming, then spending on current welfare is reduced. If we reduce spending on current welfare, then people’s well-being will be lower. So, if we use current resources to limit future global warming, …
Conclusion – The risk of global warming will be reduced.
- Conclusion follows
- Conclusion does not follow
This conclusion does not follow the premises.
The structure of the premises is “If A, then B. If B, then C. So, if A…” This must lead to “…then C.”
“The risk of global warming will be reduced” is not equivalent to C, being a further claim, such that it becomes D.
Question 4 of 5
Fourth Type – Interpretation
Economic forecasters tend to perform well with three-four-month predictions, but become much less successful beyond this timescale, especially with 22 months or more. The biggest errors occur ahead of economic contractions. This is because, though economies normally have steady but slow growth, when they contract, they do so sharply.
Conclusions – Not considering economic contractions risks overstating the possible growth of economies.
This conclusion follows beyond a reasonable doubt from the premises.
Given the explanations for why errors in economic forecasting are made, the evidence is sufficient for this conclusion to be drawn, since economic predictions based on the normal “steady and slow growth” of economies will be inaccurate unless contractions are taken into account. In this way, the evidence is sufficient for this conclusion to be drawn beyond a reasonable doubt.
Question 5 of 5
Fifth Type – Evaluation of Arguments
Question: Should all those aged 22-45 be required to save at least 5% of their income in a public savings plan?
No; people aged over 45 would also benefit from saving.
- Argument strong
- Argument weak
This argument is weak.
This does not give a relevant reason against the proposal as such but is more of a reason to extend it. As such, it is not an important issue for the argument itself.
You have completed the Sample Questions section.
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About the course
Welcome to iPrep’s Watson Glaser Critical Thinking Appraisal (WGCTA) Course.
This course will help you boost your skills and, with it, your confidence towards your upcoming Watson Glaser test. The course will provide you with the following tools and benefits:
- You will become familiar with Watson Glaser’s five types of questions— Inference, Recognition of Assumptions, Deductions, Interpretations, and Evaluation of Arguments, get guidance per each section, and have the chance to practice test-level questions before attempting the simulations.
- You will be given four full-length 40-question Watson-Glaser-style simulation tests . These simulations include similar questions to those you will encounter on the real test with the same level of difficulty. They also have the same estimated time limit as on the real test. Experiencing the test’s time pressure will ensure it will not come as a surprise on test day.
- You will be provided with a great variety of helpful tips and solving methods for the different types of questions. Some of the tips are in the guidance sections and additional ones in the detailed explanations that follow each question.
By the end of this course, you will be more knowledgeable and comfortable with the Watson Glaser Test. Knowledge and familiarity with the test are the two most significant factors that can help you maximize your score and improve your chances of success.
The course comprises two parts—guidance and test simulations. In the guidance section, we will review each type of question, its purpose, and its underlying logical mechanism. You will also have a chance to practice several test-level questions before approaching the test simulation to get a feel for the challenge ahead.
Afterwards, you will proceed to the simulation of full-length tests that accurately follow the structure and concepts of the Watson Glaser. Once done, you will be able to see full question explanations and even see how well you performed in comparison with other people who have taken the test.
Wishing you an enjoyable learning experience!
Skills you will learn
- Course Introduction
- Test-Taking Tips
- Full-Length Watson-Glaser-Style Simulations
- Course Conclusion
About the author
Dr. Roy van den Brink-Budgen
Co-founder and Director of Studies of the Centre for Critical Thinking
Dr. Roy van den Brink-Budgen has been working in the field of critical thinking for over thirty years. His experience has included the development of various assessments in critical thinking, and teaching the subject to a wide range of groups (students from primary to postgraduate, teachers from primary to college, juvenile offenders, and business managers). He has also written seven books on the subject, many journal articles, and online courses for secondary students and MBA students (as well as having produced a critical thinking card game). He has given presentations to various international conferences on critical thinking and creative thinking.
His work in critical thinking has taken him to many countries (including France, India, Malaysia, New Zealand, Spain, the UK, and Singapore – where he is the Director of Studies at the Centre for Critical Thinking). He serves as a consultant on critical thinking to PocketConfidant, an international company that is developing AI for personal coaching. In addition, he runs a company that provides various services in critical thinking – if…then ltd – based in the UK.
I am 100% sure that working through the examples & reading the explanations provided by iPrep has improved my scores!
June 12, 2019 at 12:37 PM
January 3, 2023 at 6:34 PM
The lessons provided have helped me to see how important it is to think carefully about what is being said in the statements and then how to ensure that I am assessing it with the right questions in mind.
December 19, 2022 at 3:16 AM
I wish I could rave about the program, but so many of the explanations don't feel coherent, such as the negative test. I wish they had better explanations.
December 14, 2022 at 9:33 PM
it is really helpful! the instruction and tips provided are practical and useful. half way through the exam preparation, and I am not regret of purchasing the iprep!
December 13, 2022 at 1:47 PM
I liked the exposure to questions and the instant feedback. I feel a lot more comfortable for taking the test.
October 24, 2022 at 2:26 PM
This has been the best course. I looked at many options and I am glad I settled on iPREP. It has helped me to be more confident and better understand the finer details of the Watson Glaser test. The practice tests are very valuable and help one to be more confident when that day arrives to take the test. Worth every penny.
Watson-Glaser Critical Thinking Appraisal (WGCTA)
The Watson-Glaser Critical Thinking Appraisal (WGCTA) contains 80 reading passages presenting problems, statements, arguments, and interpretations, each requiring the application of analytic reasoning skills. Its five exercises cover Drawing Inferences, Recognizing Assumptions, Argument Evaluation, Deductive Reasoning, and Logical Interpretation. Developed in 1937, the WGCTA has undergone many modifications and developments, including internationalization.
The Standard Version takes about 60 minutes to administer. Forms A & B are parallel forms of the assessment for use in pre and post-assessment. Over 40 norm groups are available for the Standard Version, including norms for industries like Financial Services, Banking, Insurance, Manufacturing/Production, Retail/Wholesale, Health Care, Information Technology, High-Tech Industries, Telecommunications, Education, Government/Public Service/Defense; and positions like Director, Executive, Manager, Professional, Sales Supervisor.
The Short Form contains 40 items including the same sections and question types as the Standard Version, and takes about 30 minutes to administer. Over 20 norm groups are available for the short form.
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Watson and Glaser 1937
Obtaining the WGCTA
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Dissertations Using the Watson-Glaser Critical Thinking Appraisal
Below is a list of dissertations that use the WGCTA. The full version of these dissertations can be found on ProQuest.
Adams, L. (2008). Critical thinking skills of baccalaureate nursing students. Capital University).
Ferrara, L. R. (2008). Relationship of work experience to clinical and leadership competence of advanced practice nursing students. University of Phoenix).
Aebersold, M. L. (2008). Capacity to rescue: Nurse behaviors that rescue patients. University of Michigan).
Belinsky, S. B. (2000). The effect of a peer to peer strategy within radiation therapy and nursing clinical settings on the development of critical thinking skills. University of Massachusetts Lowell).
Nathan, Y. H. (1997). Critical thinking: Impact on two classes of nursing students in an academic year. Columbia University Teachers College).
Notarianni, M. A. (1991). An investigation of the critical thinking ability of associate and baccalaureate degree nursing students. Widener University School of Nursing).
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The Watson Glaser Critical Thinking Test 2023
Updated January 18, 2023
Modern employers have changed the way that they recruit new candidates. They are no longer looking for people who have the technical skills on paper that match the job description.
Instead, they are looking for candidates who can demonstrably prove that they have a wider range of transferrable skills.
One of those key skills is the ability to think critically .
Firms (particularly those in sectors such as law, finance, HR and marketing ) need to know that their employees can look beyond the surface of the information presented to them.
They want confidence that their staff members can understand, analyze and evaluate situations or work-related tasks. There is more on the importance of critical thinking later in this article.
This is where the Watson Glaser Critical Thinking test comes into play.
What Is the Watson Glaser Critical Thinking Test?
The Watson Glaser critical thinking test is a unique assessment that provides a detailed analysis of a participant’s ability to think critically.
The test lasts 30 minutes and applicants can expect to be tested on around 40 questions in five distinct areas :
The questions are multiple-choice and may be phrased as true/false statements in a bid to see how well the participant has understood and interpreted the information provided.
Who Uses the Watson Glaser Test and Why?
Employers around the world use it during recruitment campaigns to help hiring managers effectively filter their prospective candidates .
The Watson Glaser test has been used for more than 85 years; employers trust the insights that the test can provide.
In today’s competitive jobs market where every candidate has brought the best of themselves, it can be increasingly difficult for employers to decide between applicants. On paper, two candidates may appear identical, with a similar level of education, work experience, and even interests and skills.
But that does not necessarily mean both or either of them is right for the job.
There is much information available on creating an effective cover letter and resume, not to mention advice on making a good impression during an interview.
As a result, employers are increasingly turning to psychometric testing to look beyond the information that they have.
They want to find the right fit: someone who has the skills that they need now and in the future. And with recruitment costs rising each year, making the wrong hiring decision can be catastrophic.
This is where the Watson Glaser test can help.
It can provide hiring managers with the additional support and guidance they need to help them make an informed decision.
The Watson Glaser test is popular among firms working in professional services (such as law, banking and insurance) . It is used for recruitment for junior and senior positions and some of the world’s most recognized establishments are known for their use of the test.
The Bank of England, Deloitte, Hiscox, Linklaters and Hogan Lovells are just a few employers who enhance their recruitment processes through Watson Glaser testing.
Why Is It So Important to Be a Critical Thinker?
Critical thinking is all about logic and rational thought. Finding out someone’s critical thinking skill level is about knowing whether they can assess whether they are being told the truth and how they can use inferences and assumptions to aid their decision-making.
If you are working in a high-pressure environment, having an instinctive ability to look beyond the information provided to the underlying patterns of cause-and-effect can be crucial to do your job well.
Although it is often thought of concerning law firms and finance teams, it is easy to see how critical thinking skills could be applied to a wide range of professions.
For example, HR professionals dealing with internal disputes may need to think critically. Or social workers and other health professionals may need to use critical thinking to assess whether someone is vulnerable and in need of help and support when that person does not or cannot say openly.
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Critical thinking is about questioning what you already know . It is about understanding how to find the facts and the truth about a situation or argument without being influenced by other people’s opinions .
It is also about looking at the bigger picture and seeing how decisions made now may have short-term benefits but long-term consequences.
For those working in senior managerial roles, this ability to think objectively can make a big difference to business success.
What Is the Watson Glaser RED Model?
As part of the critical thinking assessment, the Watson Glaser Test focuses on the acronym, 'RED':
- R ecognize assumptions
- E valuate arguments
- D raw conclusions
Put simply, the RED model ensures you can understand how to move beyond subconscious bias in your thinking. It ensures that you can identify the truth and understand the differences between fact and opinion.
To recognize assumptions , you must understand yourself and others: what your thought patterns and past experiences have led you to conclude about the world.
Evaluating arguments requires you to genuinely consider the merits of all options in a situation, and not just choose the one you feel that you ‘ought’ to.
Finally, to draw an accurate and beneficial conclusion you must trust your decision-making and understanding of the situation.
How Is Critical Thinking Assessed Within a Watson Glaser Test ?
As mentioned earlier, the Watson Glaser Test assesses five core elements. Here, they will be examined in more depth:
This part of the test is about your ability to draw conclusions based on facts . These facts may be directly provided or may be assumptions that you have previously made.
Within the assessment, you can expect to be provided with a selection of text. Along with the text will be a statement.
You may need to decide whether that statement is true, probably true, insufficient data (neither true nor false), probably false or false.
The test looks to see if your answer was based on a conclusion that could be inferred from the text provided or if it is based on an assumption you previously made.
Watson Glaser Practice Test
500 students recently attended a voluntary conference in New York. During the conference, two of the main topics discussed were issues relating to diversity and climate change. This is because these are the two issues that the students selected that are important to them.
Many people make decisions based on assumptions. But you need to be able to identify when assumptions are being made.
Within the Watson Glaser test , you will be provided with a written statement as well as an assumption.
You will be asked to declare whether that assumption was made in the text provided or not .
This is an important part of the test; it allows employers to understand if you have any expectations about whether things are true or not . For roles in law or finance, this is a vital skill.
We need to save money, so we’ll visit the local shops in the nearest town rather than the local supermarket
As a core part of critical thinking, 'deduction' is the ability to use logic and reasoning to come to an informed decision .
You will be presented with several facts, along with a variety of conclusions. You will be tasked with confirming whether those conclusions can be made from the information provided in that statement.
The answers are commonly in a ‘Yes, it follows/No, it does not follow’ form.
It is sometimes sunny on Wednesdays. All sunny days are fun. Therefore…
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Critical thinking is also about interpreting the information correctly. It is about using the information provided to come to a valuable, informed decision .
Like the deduction questions, you will be provided with a written statement, which you must assume to be true.
You will also be provided with a suggested interpretation of that written statement. You must decide if that interpretation is correct based on the information provided, using a yes/no format.
A study of toddlers shows that their speech can change significantly between the ages of 10 months and three years old. At 1 year old, a child may learn their first word whereas at three years old they may know 200 words
Evaluation of Arguments
This final part requires you to identify whether an argument is strong or weak . You will be presented with a written statement and several arguments that can be used for or against it. You need to identify which is the strongest argument and which is the weakest based on the information provided.
Should all 18-year-olds go to college to study for a degree after they have graduated from high school?
How to Pass a Watson Glaser Test
There are no confirmed pass/fail scores for Watson Glaser tests; different sectors have different interpretations of what is a good score .
Law firms, for example, will require a pass mark of at least 75-80% because the ability to think critically is an essential aspect of working as a lawyer.
As a comparative test, you need to consider what the comparative ‘norm’ is for your chosen profession. Your score will be compared to other candidates taking the test and you need to score better than them.
It is important to try and score as highly as you possibly can. Your Watson Glaser test score can set you apart from other candidates; you need to impress the recruiters as much as possible.
Your best chance of achieving a high score is to practice as much as possible in advance.
How to Prepare for a Watson Glaser Test
Everyone will have their own preferred study methods, and what works for one person may not necessarily work for another.
However, there are some basic techniques everyone can use, which will enhance your study preparation ahead of the test:
Step 1. Pay Attention to Online Practice Tests
There are numerous free online training aids available; these can be beneficial as a starting point to your preparation.
However, it should be noted that they are often not as detailed as the actual exam questions.
When researching for online test questions, make sure that any questions are specific to the Watson Glaser Test , not just critical thinking.
General critical thinking questions can help you improve your skills but will not familiarize you with this test. Therefore, make sure you practice any questions which follow the ‘rules’ and structure of a Watson Glaser Test .
Step 2. Paid-for Preparation Packs Can Be Effective
If you are looking for something that mimics the complexity of a Watson Glaser test , you may wish to look at investing in a preparation pack.
There are plenty of options available from sites such as JobTestPrep . These are often far more comprehensive than free practice tests.
They may also include specific drills (which take you through each of the five stages of the test) as well as study guides, practice tests and suggestions of how to improve your score.
Psychologically, if you have purchased a preparation pack, you may be more inclined to increase your pre-test practice/study when compared to using free tools, due to having invested money.
Step 3. Apply Critical Thinking to All Aspects of Your Daily Routine
The best way to improve your critical thinking score is to practice it every day.
It is not just about using your skills to pass an exam question; it is about being able to think critically in everyday scenarios. Therefore, when you are reading the news or online articles, try to think whether you are being given facts or you are making deductions and assumptions from the information provided.
The more you practice your critical thinking in these scenarios, the more it will become second nature to you.
You could revert to the RED model: recognize the assumptions being made, by you and the author; evaluate the arguments and decide which, if any, are strong; and draw conclusions from the information provided and perhaps see if they differ from conclusions drawn using your external knowledge.
Prepare for Watson Glaser Test
Nine Top Tips for Ensuring Success in Your Watson Glaser Test
If you are getting ready to participate in a Watson Glaser test, you must be clear about what you are being asked to do.
Here are a few tips that can help you to improve your Watson Glaser test score.
1. Practice, Practice, Practice
Critical thinking is a skill that should become second nature to you. You should practice as much as possible, not just so that you can pass the test, but also to feel confident in using your skills in reality.
2. The Best Success Is Based on the Long-Term Study
To succeed in your Watson Glaser test , you need to spend time preparing. Those who begin studying in the weeks and months beforehand will be far more successful than those who leave their study to the last minute.
3. Acquaint Yourself With the Test Format
The Watson Glaser test has a different type of question to other critical thinking tests. Make sure that you are aware of what to expect from the test questions. The last thing you want is to be surprised on test day.
4. Read the Instructions Carefully
This is one of the simplest but most effective tips. Your critical thinking skills start with understanding what you are being asked to do. Take your time over the question. Although you may only have 30 minutes to complete the test, it is still important that you do not rush through and submit the wrong answers. You do not get a higher score if you finish early, so use your time wisely.
5. Only Use the Information Provided in the Question
Remember, the purpose of the test is to see if you can come to a decision based on the provided written statement. This means that you must ignore anything that you think you already know and focus only on the information given in the question.
6. Widen Your Non-Fictional Reading
Reading a variety of journals, newspapers and reports, and watching examples of debates and arguments will help you to improve your skills. You will start to understand how the same basic facts can be presented in different ways and cause people to draw different conclusions. From there, you can start to enhance your critical thinking skills to go beyond the perspective provided in any given situation.
7. Be Self-Aware
We all have our own biases and prejudices whether we know them or not. It is important to think about how your own opinions and life experiences may impact how you perceive and understand situations. For example, someone who has grown up with a lot of money may have a different interpretation of what it is like to “go without”, compared to someone who has grown up in extreme poverty. It is important to have this self-awareness as it is important for understanding other people; this is useful if you are working in sectors such as law.
8. Read the Explanations During Your Preparation
To make the most of practice tests, make sure you read the analysis explaining the answers, regardless of if you got the question right or wrong. This is the crux of your study; it will explain the reasoning why a certain answer is correct, and this will help you understand how to choose the correct answers.
9. Practice Your Timings
You know that you will have five sections to complete in the test. You also know that you have 30 minutes to complete the test. Therefore, make sure that your timings are in sync within your practice, so you can work your way through the test in its entirety. Time yourself on how long each section takes you and put in extra work on your slowest.
Frequently Asked Questions
What score do you need to pass the watson glaser test.
There is no standard benchmark score to pass the Watson Glaser test . Each business sector has its own perception of what constitutes a good score and every employer will set its own requirements.
It is wise to aim for a Watson Glaser test score of at least 75%. To score 75% or higher, you will need to correctly answer at least 30 of the 40 questions.
The employing organization will use your test results to compare your performance with other candidates within the selection pool. The higher you score in the Watson Glaser test , the better your chances of being hired.
Can you fail a Watson Glaser test?
It is not possible to fail a Watson Glaser test . However, your score may not be high enough to meet the benchmark set by the employing organization.
By aiming for a score of at least 75%, you stand a good chance of progressing to the next stage of the recruitment process.
Are Watson Glaser tests hard?
Many candidates find the Watson Glaser test hard. The test is designed to assess five different aspects of logical reasoning skills. Candidates must work under pressure, which adds another dimension of difficulty.
By practicing your critical thinking skills, you can improve your chances of achieving a high score on the Watson Glaser test .
How do I prepare for Watson Glaser?
To prepare for Watson Glaser , you will need to practice your critical thinking abilities. This can be achieved through a range of activities; for example, reading a variety of newspapers, journals and other literature.
Try applying the RED model to your reading – recognize the assumptions being made (both by you and the writer), evaluate the arguments and decide which of these (if any) are strong.
You should also practice drawing conclusions from the information available to you.
Online Watson Glaser practice assessments are a useful way to prepare for Watson Glaser. These practice tests will give you an idea of what to expect on the day, although the questions are not usually as detailed as those in the actual test.
You might also consider using a paid-for Watson Glaser preparation pack, such as the one available from JobTestPrep . Preparation packs provide a comprehensive test guide, including practice tests and recommendations on how to improve your test score.
How long does the Watson Glaser test take?
Candidates are allowed 30 minutes to complete the Watson Glaser test . The multiple-choice test questions are grouped into five distinct areas - assumptions, deduction, evaluation, inference and interpretation.
Which firms use the Watson Glaser test?
Companies all over the world use the Watson Glaser test as part of their recruitment campaigns.
It is a popular choice for professional service firms, including banking, law, and insurance. Firms using the Watson Glaser test include the Bank of England, Hiscox, Deloitte and Clifford Chance.
How many times can you take the Watson Glaser test?
Most employers will only allow you to take the Watson Glaser test once per application. However, you may take the Watson Glaser test more than once throughout your career.
What is the next step after passing the Watson Glaser test?
The next step after passing the Watson Glaser test will vary between employers. Some firms will ask you to attend a face-to-face interview after passing the Watson Glaser test, others will ask you to attend an assessment center. Speak to the hiring manager to find out the process for the firm you are applying for.
Start preparing in advance for the Watson Glaser test
The Watson Glaser test differs from other critical thinking tests. It has its own rules and formations, and the exam is incredibly competitive. If you are asked to participate in a Watson Glaser test it is because your prospective employer is looking for the ‘best of the best’. Your aim is not to simply pass the test; it is to achieve a higher score than anyone else taking that test .
Therefore, taking the time to prepare for the Watson Glaser test is vital for your chances of success. You need to be confident that you know what you are being asked to do, and that you can use your critical thinking skills to make informed decisions.
Your study is about more than helping you to pass a test; it is about providing you with the skills and capability to think critically about information in the ‘real world’ .
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Watson Glaser Tests
- 228 questions
Watson Glaser tests are a form of psychometric assessment that fall under the category of critical thinking tests. They are designed to determine how well an individual can process information from a logical perspective, and then evaluate, analyse and make sound judgements. As such, they are commonly used in the recruitment process for professions that rely on these skills.
What is a Watson Glaser test?
Watson Glaser test is a comprehensive psychometric assessment that falls under the category of critical thinking tests. It is designed to determine how well an individual can process information from a logical perspective, and then evaluate, analyze and make sound judgments. Watson Glaser test is commonly used in the recruitment process for professions that rely on these skills.
Watson Glaser tests have been around since 1925 when they were first developed by American psychologists Goodwin Watson and Edwin Glaser. Subject to many revisions and improvements over the years, they are now produced by test publisher TalentLens and are considered one of the most trusted methods of evaluating critical reasoning.
Critical thinking is a complex skill that requires the ability to interpret information, differentiate fact from fallacy, draw evidence-based conclusions and identify sound arguments, all while remaining objective.
Like many critical thinking tests , the Watson Glaser test measures these skills through verbal information: that is, statements or passages of text from which an individual is required to make deductions and inferences, pinpoint assumptions needed to validate a proposition, and weigh up the strength of an argument.
These are inherent skills, more prominent in some than others. The Watson Glaser test, therefore, requires no prior knowledge. Success relies on existing knowledge being put to one side, the sole focus being the evidence laid out in each question.
You may be asked to sit a Watson Glaser test by the potential employer if applying for a graduate, professional or managerial level position in a sector where critical thinking is a prerequisite. Watson Glaser Critical Thinking Appraisal is most commonly used in the legal sector, but also the selection process of organizations like the Bank of England.
The test may be used for screening purposes in the initial stages of the hiring process, or at a later date as part of an assessment day .
What is the format of a Watson Glaser test?
The Watson Glaser test is a timed, multiple-choice assessment, the most recent version of which consists of 40 critical reasoning questions with a 30-minute time constraint.
Questions are split across five areas of logical reasoning ability:
To draw inferences is essential to make an educated guess based on the evidence in front of you, without being swayed by any pre-existing knowledge or subconscious bias.
You’ll be presented with a short paragraph, followed by a set of inferred statements. Potential employees need to critically analyse the information in the given paragraph to determine if these statements are true, probably true, false, probably false, or if there is insufficient proof to determine either way.
Assumptions relating to what we understand to be true without needing solid proof. They are the underlying facts that give an argument its validity.
In this section of the test, you’ll be presented with a statement and a set of assumptions. If the statement relies on the assumption being true, you would mark it as ‘assumption made’.
If the assumption is irrelevant to the statement or bears no weight on its validity, you would mark it as ‘assumption not made.
Deductive reasoning is the act of arriving at a fact-based conclusion through a logical thought process. A deduction differs from an assumption in that it is what we take away from an argument, as opposed to the facts on which an argument needs to stand.
Based solely on the evidence presented in a statement or short paragraph, you’ll need to determine if a list of conclusions does or does not logically follow the information in front of you.
The interpretation section of the Watson Glaser test is similar to the deduction section, in that you’ll be asked to determine whether a given conclusion can logically be drawn from an argument.
However, with these questions, you’ll need to be able to identify significant pieces of information and decide if a logical interpretation can be applied in support of the conclusion in question.
This last section looks at your ability to separate a weak argument from a strong one. It is designed to test your impartial evaluation of arguments, not your personal opinion.
A question will be posted, followed by a set of arguments on either side of the debate. You’ll need to decide if an argument is relevant and challenging, and therefore strong, or vague and unrealistic, and therefore weak.
What skills does it look to measure?
The five sections combined to give an overall picture of your performance in key areas, and measure your ability to:
Define a problem
Select key points of information to formulate a solution
Understand when an assumption has been made, and when it has not
Hypothesise, or select an applicable hypothesis based on limited evidence
Draw fact-based conclusions
Determine the probability of an inference
What is a passing score on the Watson Glaser tests?
The results of your Watson Glaser test will be assessed against a norm group: individuals of a comparative educational background or professional standing – within a relevant field – that have previously sat the exam.
It is therefore difficult to state an exact pass score on the test since it depends entirely on the performance of your peers. Ideally, you’d look to reach 75% and above to give yourself a competitive edge.
Which professions use Watson Glaser tests, and why?
Watson Glaser tests are used to assess suitability for several occupations including those in the medical profession, marketing, and education. Those critical reasoning tests are most common in law firms and professional services sectors.
Many positions in law, banking, and finance, for example, require that an individual make informed decisions that can be justified, are rooted in fact, and are free from bias. Since critical thinking is an essential skill here, employers use Watson Glaser tests to determine how well-suited a candidate is for these professions.
How to prepare for a Watson Glaser test
Practice is the first port of call when preparing for your Watson Glaser test. Although critical thinking is an inherent skill, it can be nurtured and improved upon.
Watson Glaser tests are built around a model known as RED . Try to keep this in mind as you approach both practice tests and daily tasks.
The components associated with the RED model are:
Recognising assumptions . Instead of simply taking things at face value, such as the news or a part of a conversation with a friend or co-worker, ask yourself if what you’re hearing can be classified as true, and what the facts are that back it up. Are they evidential, or based on assumptions?
Evaluating arguments . We’re all guilty of seeking out information that confirms our perspective. Instead, actively look for opinions that contradict your own and assess them from an objective point of view. The better you become at seeing both sides of a story, the more prepared you’ll be to critically evaluate arguments in your Watson Glaser test.
Drawing conclusions . Try to get used to drawing fact-based conclusions, rather than those based on emotional reactions or subconscious bias. These conclusions may not align with your perspective, but a Watson Glaser test requires that you conclude impartially – and as with most things in life, practice makes perfect here.
The tests were well suited to the job that I’ve applied for. They are easy to do and loads of them.
Tips for Watson Glaser tests
Study the practice questions.
In the official test, you’ll have the opportunity to complete practice questions. These are there for a reason, so use them wisely. Each section of the test differs slightly in its approach, and the more comfortable you are with what is being asked of you, the more clearly you’ll be able to approach the problem.
Leave instinct and intuition at the door
To succeed on a Watson Glaser test, you need to go against human nature and ignore everything you think you know. Each question will contain all the relevant information you need. Whether you believe it to be true, agree with it, or not, is irrelevant. For the sake of the test, evaluate only the information given. Any outside knowledge should temporarily be forgotten.
Examine each question carefully
The key to strategic critical thinking is to fully understand what is being presented. You cannot draw a valid conclusion, or understand what assumptions support an argument, if you do not fully comprehend what is put forward. You may feel the need to rush under the time pressure, but attention to detail is vital.
Look for keywords and phrases
The statement, proposition or paragraph of text at the start of each question will inevitably include keywords or phrases that relate directly to the assumptions, inferences or conclusions given. These are your clues. Identify them, and you’ll find it much easier to analyse each scenario objectively.
Split your time evenly
Remember, you have a set amount of time to work through all five sections of the test. Split this evenly across the board before you start, and keep track of how much time you spend on each question. It may seem counterintuitive to add to the pressure, but in setting yourself a time frame, you eliminate the risk of dedicated excessive attention to any one part of the test.
For further advice, check out our full set of tips for Watson Glaser tests .
Practice Aptitude Tests is not associated with Watson Glaser. We provide preparation services for Watson Glaser psychometric tests. Our tests are not designed to be identical to any style, employer or industry. Visit https://www.talentlens.co.uk/product/watson-glaser/ to find out more.
Watson Glaser Tests FAQs
How does watson glaser define critical thinking.
According to the methodology behind Watson Glaser tests, critical thinking is the ability to observe a scenario and consider it from various perspectives, whilst identifying what is fact, what is assumed and what is mere opinion. In doing so, you should be able to draw logical conclusions and use these for informed decision making.
How can I improve my critical thinking skills?
Critical thinking is a part of our daily lives; we’re just not always aware that we’re doing it. To improve your skills, tune in to the world around you, ask questions, read actively and look for evidence in every statement or argument you come across. Take practice tests regularly to assess your progress.
Is the Watson Glaser test hard?
Watson Glaser tests are considered among the most challenging of all critical thinking assessments, since they test five separate aspects of logical reasoning ability . Time constraints also add to the pressure. That said, they are typically no harder than the careers for which they test your suitability, and with dedicated practice, you can hone your skills and make critical thinking second nature.
Where can I practice Watson Glaser tests?
There are multiple online resources available to help you prepare for your Watson Glaser test, including free practice tests here on this website. We recommended you work through all of these to familiarise yourself with the format and improve your critical thinking skills.
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Reviews of our Watson Glaser tests
What our customers say about our Watson Glaser tests
April 05, 2022
Doesn't cover all aspects of Watson-Glaser tests but useful
The WGCTA uses more categories to assess critical thinking, but this was useful for the inference section.
April 01, 2022
Just practicing for an interview
Good information and liked that it had a countdown clock, to give you that real feel in the test situation.
March 31, 2022
It was OK, I didn't understand personally whether or not the "cannot say" option was acceptable or not in a lot of the questions, as it may have been a trick option.
March 15, 2022
I like the test because the platform is simple and engaging while the test itself is different than most of the Watson Glaser tests I've taken.
March 02, 2022
Some of the ratios were harder than I thought!
I like how clear the design and layout is - makes things very easy (even if the content itself is not!)
February 17, 2022
I enjoyed the fact that there were multiple questions pertaining to one passage of information, rather than multiple passages. However I would've appreciated a more varied question type.
February 16, 2022
Analytics are the best questions
I like the test because of its time schedule. The way the questions are prepared makes it easy to crack the original test.
February 02, 2022
I haven't done something like this for ages. Very good for the brain - although I certainly experienced some fog whilst doing it.
January 04, 2022
Population/exchange rates were the hardest
Great test as it felt a bit time pressured. Very different types of questions in terms of difficulty.
January 02, 2022
More attention to detail + be more time conscious
It was asking about daily stuff we all deal with, but as an assessment it's scrutinising how we approach these problems.
Watson Glaser Test Practice 2023: Free Sample Test & Full Tests
- A Watson Glaser introduction test
- 2 full-length Watson-Glaser practice tests
- 23 additional practice drills (by section)
- 8 PDF study guides
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Watson Glaser Test Practice 2023: Free Sample Test & Full Tests
The Watson Glaser test assesses your critical thinking ability in 40 multiple-choice questions, distributed over 5 sections .
The following guide will give you the most comprehensive, up-to-date information about the Watson Glaser critical thinking test.
With the difference between an average score and a passing score can be as little as 2-3 questions, you need an accurate, professional Watson Glaser practice plan that REALLY teaches you how to approach the test and ace it, including:
- A Watson Glaser introduction test - to get an initial familiarity with the test structure and to know where you stand in each section.
- 2 full-length Watson Glaser practice tests - to become familiar with the Watson Glaser time constraints, formatting, and content.
- 23 additional practice drills (by section) - to thoroughly practice the topics you are weaker on, as revealed in the introduction test.
- 5 PDF study guides - to give you a professional grasp of the theory behind each test section and the best ways to solve questions.
Want to try it for yourself? Take a free sample Watson Glaser test now.
JobTestPrep has been providing accurate preparation for the Watson Glaser test since 2014 and is currently the official prep provider of Oxford and Cambridge universities. For any questions about the test or the preparation, feel free to contact us .
Shlomik , Watson Glaser Test specialist at JobTestPrep.
What Is the Watson Glaser Test?
The Watson Glaser Critical Thinking Appraisal (WGCTA) is a pre-employment test designed to assess candidates’ reasoning and critical thinking skills.
The test contains 40 multiple-choice questions to be solved in 30 minutes, covering 5 sections:
- Inference – 5 questions
- Recognition of Assumptions – 12 questions
- Deduction – 5 questions
- Interpretation – 6 questions
- Evaluation of Arguments – 12 questions
In the following section, we will give an overview of each section, including a free sample question for each. You can check out our free Watson Glaser practice test for more.
The Watson Glaser test comes in two main versions – Watson Glaser III and Watson Glaser II. The WG-II, in turn, comes in two forms – D and E. Below you can read more about Watson Glaser test versions and forms .
The Most Professional Watson Glaser Prep Course on the Market!
The Complete Watson Glaser Test Preparation includes focused and tailored practice drills for each of the 5 test sections.
Covering all test versions and forms: WG-II Form D and Form E, and WG-III.
Watson Glaser Test - 5 Sample Questions Solved [Video]
Watson Glaser Assessment Sample Test Questions
Watson Glaser Sample Question #1 – Inference
The Watson Glaser Inference section will present you with a statement followed by a series of inferences (conclusions). Your task is to determine how true or false each inference is .
James is a human rights activist who was fined £60 on three different days during the past month for smoking in public at his workplace. On each of the occasions, he admitted to the act peacefully, telling policemen that he is unwilling to conform to such a breach of people's right to privacy. James paid the three fines shortly after receiving them.
James has spent at least a couple of hundreds of pounds in his struggle to oppose violations of civil liberties this year.
You know that James had paid 180 pounds in the past month alone. You also know he is a human rights activist who is willing to spend money for his cause, based on his actions and testimony.
As such, even though it is not explicitly mentioned in the text, it is safe to assume that sometime in the year James had spent at least 20 more pounds on his activism, smoking-related or otherwise.
The “Probably True” and “Probably False” answer choices are unique to the Watson Glaser and are considered the main challenge of the inference section.
Learn more about the Inference Section.
Watson Glaser Sample Question #2 – Recognition of Assumptions
The Watson Glaser Assumptions section will present you with a statement followed by a proposed assumption. Your task is to decide whether a person, in making the given statement, is making the proposed assumption.
Complaints were raised against the town's sole French teacher for using her monopoly to charge more than her late predecessor. In fact, however, she does not earn more money on each lesson than she would have before, because she lives out of town and her fee reflects higher transportation costs than those of her predecessor, who lived in town.
Service providers who spend more on transportation are more expensive.
This is a generalisation of what happened in the town. This statement is a logical rule—it refers to all service providers in the world.
The author might think this is true, but he doesn't have to assume it in order for the passage to make sense. Therefore, it is not assumed.
The Recognition of Assumptions section is considered by most candidates as the hardest section of the Watson Glaser test.
Learn more about the Recognition of Assumptions Section.
Watson Glaser Sample Question #3 – Deduction
In the Watson Glaser Deduction section , you will be presented with a premise followed by a suggested conclusion. Your task is to determine whether the conclusion ABSOLUTELY AND NECESSARILY follows the premise.
Some citizens pay taxes. Many citizens receive income support.
More citizens receive income support than citizens who pay taxes.
Let's solve this question with the safest possible method for solving deduction questions - Letter Coding.
Citizens = A, pay taxes = B, receive income support = C. According to the premises, (A+B)some, and (A+C)many.
The conclusion states (A+C) > (A+B).
Some refer to a portion - a quantity between 1 to everything, while many others refer to multiplicity – at least 2 and up to everything. However, you have no grounds to infer an accurate quantity of either statement; therefore, the conclusion does not necessarily follow.
In other words:
This one is tricky. Although there is a hierarchy between words that indicate a quantity, and “many” is more than “some”, that is only true when discussing the same group .
For example, if the conclusion was “there are some citizens who receive income support”, it would follow, because you can infer “some” from “many”. However, you cannot compare the quantities of two different groups this way.
The Deduction section does not allow the use of common sense.
Learn more about the Deduction Section.
Watson Glaser Sample Question #4 – Interpretation
In the Watson Glaser Interpretation section , you will be presented with a premise followed by a suggested conclusion. Your task is to determine whether the conclusion follows the premise BEYOND A REASONABLE DOUBT.
In the years 2011-12, 32% of pupils entitled to free school meals (an indicator of low socioeconomic status) achieved five GCSE passes at grade C or above. This is compared to 65% of pupils who were not entitled to free school meals.
Most of the pupils who were not entitled to a free school meal achieved five GCSE passes at grade C or above.
The logic behind this answer is mathematical: the passage states that 65% of the pupils who were not entitled to a free school meal achieved five GCSE passes at a minimum of a C grade.
Since 65% is greater than 50%, we can conclude that they are the majority.
The “beyond a reasonable doubt” element is a common source of confusion for candidates, making this section substantially more difficult than the Deduction section.
Learn more about the Interpretation Section.
Watson Glaser Sample Question #5 – Evaluation of Arguments
In the Watson Glaser Arguments section , you will be presented with a yes/no question, followed by an argument. Your task is to determine whether the argument is strong or weak in answering the question.
Should parents put their children in preparation courses for gifted tests, in order for them to reach their full potential?
Yes. Parents are responsible for their children’s future and should do whatever they can to help them succeed in life.
This argument, although of great general importance, is not directly related to the question. The question specifically asked about preparation courses for gifted tests, and the arguments do not even mention them.
If, for example, the argument made the connection between preparation courses and success, the argument would have been strong. Since it does not, it is weak.
The most common type of mistake in the Evaluation of Arguments section is letting your own personal views and opinions affect your judgement.
Learn more about the Evaluation of Arguments Section.
For more sample questions, check out the Watson Glaser free practice test .
- Accurate - Watson Glaser mock tests that EXACTLY simulate the real test's rules, format, and difficulty level.
- Personalized - additional practice tests and study guides for each section, to focus your practice on your personal weak spots.
- Trusted - the official preparation kit for Oxford and Cambridge law students.
Covering all test versions and forms: WG-II Form D and Form E, and WG-III .
Watson Glaser Test Versions and Forms
There are two main versions of the Watson Glaser test – Watson Glaser II and Watson Glaser III.
For you as a test-taker, there is no practical difference between the two versions. Both versions have the same content, the number of questions, and time limit. Let's briefly explain the definitions of Watson Glaser versions and forms.
Watson Glaser II
The Watson Glaser II (WG-II) is the traditional format of the test and is divided into two forms – D and E. Form E is considered slightly more difficult, but the content and formatting of both forms are identical.
Watson Glaser III
The Watson Glaser III (WG-III) is a revision of the WG-II test. The main difference is that the WG-III can be taken in an unsupervised setting, due to the "item-bank" from which questions are randomly selected.
What Is A Good Score on the Watson Glaser Critical Thinking Test?
The Watson Glaser doesn't have a pre-determined pass mark. Each employer and every industry have a different passing mark.
However, as a rule, you should aim for a score of above 80% of the test-takers in your norm group. This means different scores for different positions.
For instance, a Watson Glaser test score of 28/40 is better than 79% of the general population, 69% of managers, but only 49% of law graduates!
To rank in the top 80% of the most desirable positions like managers and lawyers, it is recommended to get a Watson Glaser test score of at least 33-34.
Watson Glaser Test Tips and Preparation Guidelines
A challenging, competitive test such as the Watson Glaser critical thinking test requires an accurate, focused preparation designed specifically for the test.
That goes both for your preparation methods for the Watson Glaser Test and for your behavior on the actual Watson Glaser test day .
Here are 4 Watson Glaser test preparation tips and 3 test-day tips that will maximize your score:
4 Watson Glaser Test Tips
Watson Glaser Preparation Tip #1 – Know the Rules Inside Out
Knowing the rules is important in any test you take, but it is especially important on the Watson Glaser critical thinking test.
- The Watson Glaser test has its own set of rules , unparalleled by any other critical thinking test.
- Not only that, but rules vary between sections, and what was correct in the Deduction section will be wrong in the Interpretation section.
- On the actual test, the clock keeps ticking as you read the instructions! Being familiar with them in advance will save you precious time.
Watson Glaser Preparation Tip #2 – Let Go of Your Own Perceptions
In most sections of the Watson Glaser test sections, intuition, prior knowledge and common sense will lead you to the wrong answer.
So, knowing WHEN to use common sense and intuition, and HOW to use them to draw conclusions should be a major part of your preparation plan.
This is where tip number 3 can be extremely helpful.
Watson Glaser Test Preparation Tip #3 – Develop “Critical Thinking Algorithms”
Critical Thinking Algorithms are technical procedures that turn any Watson Glaser question into a series of simple Q&As that will lead you to the correct answer.
These eliminate the use of common sense and intuition, thus minimizing your chances for an error.
Two examples of these algorithms are the ITDN Table and the Negative Test - which you can learn and practice in our Complete Watson Glaser Preparation Course.
Watson Glaser Test Preparation Tip #4 – Personalize Your Watson Glaser Practice
Different people will find different sections of the Watson Glaser test particularly challenging.
Therefore, it is important to know in advance what YOUR weak spots are, and to address them in your preparation. For instance, if you reach a score of 11/12 in the Evaluation of Arguments section, focus your preparation on sections in which you are weaker.
The Most Professional Watson Glaser Test Prep Course on the Market!
- Comprehensive - over 400 practice questions and dozens of practice tests and study guides to get you as prepped as you could possibly be!
- Personalized - tailored solving techniques specifically designed to address the Watson Glaser test rules and format.
3 Watson Glaser Critical Thinking Test Day Tips
Watson Glaser Test Day Tip #1 – Use Your Time Wisely
Unlike other tests, time is not a substantial obstacle on the Watson Glaser critical thinking test.
However, there are two key points you should consider when it comes to time:
- Don't spend too much time on a single question. If you finish the questions before the time is up, you can go back to questions you weren't sure of.
- The time it took you to complete the test does not affect your score – for better or worse. So, make sure to use every minute and answer all the questions.
Watson Glaser Test Day Tip #2 – Out of Options? Guess!
There is no penalty for wrong answers on the Watson Glaser test, so it is better to make an educated guess if you’re running out of time.
Watson Glaser Test Day Tip #3 – Brush on the Test Instructions on the Test Day
As I mentioned earlier, the Watson Glaser test instructions are complex and unique.
Being very well familiar with the test instructions before the real test will have a massive effect on both your score and your ability to finish the test on time.
So, on test day, just before you start your test, make sure you read and understand the instructions perfectly. This will allow you to merely brush over them on the test itself, leaving more time for solving questions.
Remember : On the actual Watson Glaser critical thinking test, the clock does not stop when you read the instructions!
Watson Glaser Critical Thinking Test FAQs
What is a Critical Thinking Test and What Does it Measure?
A critical thinking test, sometimes referred to as critical reasoning test, is an aptitude test that measures your ability to assess a situation through various perspectives. While taking the critical thinking test, you will be asked to acknowledge, extract, and interpret facts, opinions, and assumptions.
Critical thinking tests are usually used in law firms recruitment process, where a major critical thinking ability needed is to make a strong, solid argument. Additional skills measured are being able to analyze verbal information, make accurate assumptions and draw conclusions.
The critical reasoning test measures these critical thinking skills by using paragraphs of text, some short and some very long. Your job is to analyse the text in different ways and show that you understood every aspect of it.
Why Is Critical Thinking Important to Potential Employers?
Critical thinking is important for companies since employees with strong critical thinking can make decisions with limited supervision, allowing them to make independent judgment decisions. Also, this skill helps them solve problems, build strategies, and make them better at their job in general.
Which Professions Use Watson Glaser Tests, and Why?
The following professions use the Watson Glaser test:
- Trainee Solicitors and Solicitors
- Graduate Trainees
- Vacation Scheme
- Public Health Registrars
To succeed in these roles, it’s important to have strong critical thinking skills. That’s why companies use the Watson Glaser critical thinking test which is an accurate assessment tool for measuring this ability.
Is the Watson Glaser critical thinking Test Hard?
The Watson Glaser Critical Thinking Appraisal is considered to be one of the hardest pre-employment tests on the market today, due to its unique and counterintuitive set of rules, as well as its focus solely on critical thinking.
What Is the Difference between Watson Glaser II and III?
The Watson Glaser III is a revision of the common WG-II test. The main difference is that the WG-III can be taken in an unsupervised setting, due to the "item-bank" from which questions are randomly selected.
However, WG-II and WG-III are identical in terms of topics, question number, and allowed time.
Is the Watson Glaser Test Timed?
The Watson Glaser critical thinking test is normally timed and allows you up to 30 minutes to complete all 40 questions. There are also untimed versions for candidates requiring adjustments. Note that every section is timed separately.
What Is the Difference Between Watson Glaser Test Forms D and E?
According to the official Watson Glaser Test Manual , forms D and E are a remnant of the revision the test has gone through in recent years. The older version contained two different forms, named A and B. Practically speaking, for you as a test-taker, both forms are equivalent and share the same difficulty level, structure, and format.
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Watson-Glaser Critical Thinking Appraisal® II
Watson-Glaser Critical Thinking Appraisal® II measures critical thinking ability and decision making in high-potential professionals, new managers, and future leaders.
T his test has been replaced with the Watson-Glaser Version III as of January 1, 2019; please see it here .
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About this Test
The watson-glaser critical thinking appraisal® ii is still available but has been revised and updated..
The Watson-Glaser Critical Thinking Appraisal® II measures critical thinking ability and decision making in high-potential professionals, new managers, and future leaders. The WG-II assess things like:
- Measures thinking, reasoning and intelligence
- Predicts judgment, problem solving, creativity, and more
- Classifies individuals as low, average, and high
- Suggests critical-thinking based job behaviors
This test provides the answers you need to make informed decisions.
Want more information about this test? Get it now. Please REQUEST MORE INFO and we’ll reply promptly.
Not the perfect fit? No problem. We have many similar tests to choose from. See alternatives in the CRITICAL THINKING & REASONING and LEADERSHIP & MANAGEMENT SKILLS category sections of our site.
See the Watson-Glaser Critical Thinking Appraisal – III for the newest version
The Watson-Glaser Critical Thinking Appraisal® II series is the gold standard for measuring critical thinking ability and decision making in high-potential professionals, new managers, and future leaders. Backed by science and decades of research, the assessment is used in organizations as a selection and development tool and in academic settings to assess gains in critical thinking from specific coursework. Watson-Glaser II takes critical thinking and its application in the workplace to a new level.
- More contemporary, global, and business relevant items
- Better face validity and applicability of items for non-U.S. markets
- Questions separate “bright from “exceptional
Two new 40-item forms can be administered in approximately the same time as the previous Short Form (total test time is 35 minutes)
Critical thinking is organized into an easy-to-interpret 3-factor “RED” model:
- Recognize Assumptions: Recognizing assumptions in ideas, statements, and strategies
- Evaluate Arguments: Evaluating the merit of arguments or information that is presented
- Draw Conclusions: Drawing appropriate conclusions based on the evidence available; Brings together Inference, Deduction, and Interpretation subtests
- Profile Report – Provides the score and some predictive behaviors
- Interview Report – Conduct a critical thinking-based behavioral interview (questions include standard and score-based) – DISCONTINUED
- Development Report – Build a custom learning & development plan to enhance the individual’s critical thinking skills
Watson-Glaser Critical Thinking Appraisal® II Features
- Actionable reports – Profile, Interview, and Development
- Simplified 3-factor model: RED
- Long history of use by major corporations, consultants, and schools
- Correlations with leading personality and intelligence tests
- Multi-lingual versions
- Online and paper administrations
- All-in-one test for identifying high potential across many jobs and applications
- Aligns with multiple 21st century skills identified by a public/private consortium
- Percentile and raw scores show you how an individual ranks
- Reveals how someone might act on the job in specific situations
- Three views of individual let you see the score, conduct an interview, and develop skills
- Logically appealing and easy-to-interpret model provides a framework for critical thinking
- Distinguishes across high ability levels to see shades of critical thinking
- Extensive norm groups and validation studies across industries and markets
- A richer picture when used together with other instruments
- Assessment delivered in local language for global workforces
- Flexible administration formats to suit your needs and your test takers
Recognize Assumptions Assumptions are statements that are implied to be true in the absence of proof. Identifying assumptions helps in discovery of information gaps and enriches views of issues. Assumptions can be unstated or directly stated. The ability to recognize assumptions in presentations, strategies, plans, and ideas is a key element in critical thinking. Being aware of assumptions and directly assessing their appropriateness to the situation helps individuals evaluate the merits of a proposal, policy, or practice.
Evaluate Arguments Arguments are assertions that are intended to persuade someone to believe or act a certain way. Evaluating arguments is the ability to analyze such assertions objectively and accurately. Analyzing arguments helps in determining whether to believe them or act accordingly. It includes the ability to overcome a confirmation bias – the tendency to look for and agree with information that confirms prior beliefs. Emotion plays a key role in evaluating arguments as well. A high level of emotion can cloud objectivity and the ability to accurately evaluate arguments.
Draw Conclusions Drawing conclusions consists of arriving at conclusions that logically follow from the available evidence. It includes evaluating all relevant information before drawing a conclusion, judging the plausibility of different conclusions, selecting the most appropriate conclusion, and avoiding overgeneralization beyond the evidence.
- Watson-Glaser™ II Critical Thinking Appraisal (Australia/New Zealand): Profile Report
- Watson-Glaser™ II Critical Thinking Appraisal (Denmark)
- Watson-Glaser™ II Critical Thinking Appraisal (France)
- Watson-Glaser™ II Critical Thinking Appraisal (India)
- Watson-Glaser™ II Critical Thinking Appraisal (Netherlands)
- Watson-Glaser™ II Critical Thinking Appraisal (Norway)
- Watson-Glaser™ II Critical Thinking Appraisal (Sweden)
- Watson-Glaser™ II Critical Thinking Appraisal (UK)
- Watson-Glaser™ II Critical Thinking Appraisal Form D (Spanish): Profile Report
- Watson-Glaser™ II Form D: Development Report
- Watson-Glaser™ II Form D: Profile + Development Reports
- Watson-Glaser™ II Form D: Profile Report
- Watson-Glaser™ II Form E: Profile + Development Reports
- Watson-Glaser™ II Form E: Profile Report
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The Watson Glaser Critical Thinking Appraisal is widely regarded as a good predictor of work productivity and at identifying candidates with a
You are purchasing a product review, not a test. These reviews are descriptions and evaluations of the
booklet so that the words Practice Test Record Form are facing up.
This practice package will help you prepare for the Watson Glaser Critical Thinking Test. All exercises are based on the questions that are used in the
The Watson Glaser Critical Thinking Appraisal Test (WGCTA) assesses your critical thinking skills. Your potential employer will be able to evaluate your
The Watson-Glaser Critical Thinking Appraisal assesses an individual's ability to analyze written information, interpret it, and draw logical conclusions
Its five exercises cover Drawing Inferences, Recognizing Assumptions, Argument Evaluation, Deductive Reasoning, and Logical Interpretation. Developed in 1937
How Is Critical Thinking Assessed Within a Watson Glaser Test? · Inference · Assumptions · Deduction · Interpretation · Evaluation of Arguments.
Watson Glaser test is a comprehensive psychometric assessment that falls under the category of critical thinking tests. It is designed to determine how well
The Watson Glaser Critical Thinking Appraisal (WGCTA) is a pre-employment test designed to assess candidates' reasoning and critical thinking skills.
The Watson-Glaser Critical Thinking Appraisal® II is still available but has been revised and updated. · Measures thinking, reasoning and intelligence · Predicts