Hypertension Journal Articles
Find additional information about hypertension (high blood pressure) in these peer-reviewed journal articles authored by CDC researchers.
- Vaughan AS, Coronado F, Casper M, Loustalot F, Wright JS. County-Level Trends in Hypertension-Related Cardiovascular Disease Mortality-United States, 2000 to 2019 external icon . J Am Heart Assoc. 2022;11(7):e024785.
- Shantharam SS, Mahalingam M, Rasool A, Reynolds JA, Bhuiya AR, Satchell TD, et al. Systematic Review of Self-Measured Blood Pressure Monitoring With Support: Intervention Effectiveness and Cost external icon . Am J Prev Med. 2022;62(2):285-298.
- Rivera M, Johnson M, Choe HM, Durthaler JM, Elmi J, Fulmer E, et al. Evaluation of a Pharmacists’ Patient Care Process Approach for Hypertension, American Journal of Preventive Medicine external icon . Am J Prev Med. 2022;62(1):100-104.
- Hannan JA, Commodore-Mensah Y, Tokieda N, Smith AP, Gawlik KS, Murakami L, et al. Improving hypertension control and cardiovascular health: An urgent call to action for nursing external icon . Worldviews Evid Based Nurs . 2022;19(1):6-15.
- MacLeod KE, Ye Z, Donald B, Wang G. A Literature Review of Productivity Loss Associated with Hypertension in the United States external icon . Popul Health Manag. 2022 Feb 3. Epub ahead of print.
- Li R, Kuklina EV, Ailes EC, Shrestha SS, Grosse SD, Fang J, et al. Medical expenditures for hypertensive disorders during pregnancy that resulted in a live birth among privately insured women external icon . Pregnancy Hypertens. 2021;23:155-162.
- Meador M, Hannan J, Roy D, Whelihan K, Sasu N, Hodge H, Lewis JH. Accelerating Use of Self-measured Blood Pressure Monitoring (SMBP) Through Clinical-Community Care Models external icon . J Community Health. 2021;46(1):127-138.
- Fang J, Luncheon C, Patel A, Ayala C, Gillespie C, Greenlund KJ, Loustalot F. Self-Reported Prevalence of Hypertension and Antihypertensive Medication Use Among Asian Americans: Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System 2013, 2015 and 2017 external icon . J Immigr Minor Health. 2021;23(1):26-34.
- Mpofu JJ, Robbins CL, Garlow E, Chowdhury FM, Kuklina E. Surveillance of Hypertension Among Women of Reproductive Age: A Review of Existing Data Sources and Opportunities for Surveillance Before, During, and After Pregnancy external icon . J Womens Health (Larchmt). 2021;30(4):466-471.
- Fang J, Luncheon C, Wall HK, Wozniak G, Loustalot F. Self-measured blood pressure monitoring among adults with self-reported hypertension in 20 US states and the District of Columbia, 2019 external icon . Am J Hypertens. 2021;hpab091.
- Oetgen WJ, Wright JS. Controlling Hypertension: Our Cardiology Practices Can Do a Better Job external icon . J Am Coll Cardiol. 2021;77(23):2973-2977.
- Hartnett KP, Kite-Powell A, Patel MT, Haag BL, Sheppard MJ, Dias TP, et al. Syndromic Surveillance for E-Cigarette, or Vaping, Product Use-Associated Lung Injury external icon . N Engl J Med. 2020;382(8):766-772.
- Meador M, Lewis JH, Bay RC, Wall HK, Jackson C. Who are the undiagnosed? Disparities in hypertension diagnoses in vulnerable populations external icon . Fam Community Health. 2020;43(1):35–45.
- Ritchey MD, Hannan J, Wall HK, George MG, Sperling LS. Notes from the Field: Characteristics of Million Hearts Hypertension Control Champions, 2012–2019 . 2020;69(7):196–197.
- Campbell NRC, He FJ, Tan M, Cappuccio FP, Neal B, Woodward M, et al. The International Consortium for Quality Research on Dietary Sodium/Salt (TRUE) position statement on the use of 24-hour, spot, and short duration (<24 hours) timed urine collections to assess dietary sodium intake external icon . J Clin Hypertens (Greenwich). 2019;21(6):700–709.
- Chang TE, Ritchey MD, Park S, Chang A, Odom EC, Durthaler J, et al. National rates of nonadherence to antihypertensive medications among insured adults with hypertension, 2015 external icon . Hypertension . 2019;74(6):1324–1332.
- Fang J, Zhang Z, Ayala C, Thompson-Paul AM, Loustalot F. Cardiovascular health among non-Hispanic Asian Americans: NHANES, 2011–2016 external icon . J Am Heart Assoc. 2019;8(13):e011324.
- Ferguson JM, Costello S, Neophytou AM, Balmes JR, Bradshaw PT, Cullen MR, et al. Night and rotational work exposure within the last 12 months and risk of incident hypertension external icon . Scand J Work Environ Health. 2019;45(3):256–266.
- He FJ, Ma Y, Campbell NRC, MacGregor GA, Cogswell ME, Cook NR. Formulas to estimate dietary sodium intake from spot urine alter sodium-mortality relationship external icon . 2019;74(3):572–580.
- Jackson SL, Ayala C, Tong X, Wall HK. Clinical implementation of self-measured blood pressure monitoring, 2015–2016 external icon . Am J Prev Med. 2019;56(1):e13–e21.
- Overwyk KJ, Dehmer SP, Roy K, Maciosek MV, Hong Y, Baker-Goering MM, et al. Modeling the health and budgetary impacts of a team-based hypertension care intervention that includes pharmacists external icon . Med Care. 2019;57(11):882–889.
- Ahuja R, Ayala C, Tong X, Wall HK, Fang J. Public awareness of health-related risks from uncontrolled hypertension . Prev Chronic Dis. 2018;15:E40.
- Chang TE, Ritchey MD, Ayala C, Durthaler JM, Loustalot F. Use of strategies to improve antihypertensive medication adherence within United States outpatient health care practices, DocStyles 2015–2016 external icon . J Clin Hypertens (Greenwich). 2018;20(2):225–232.
- Ciemins EL, Ritchey MD, Joshi VV, Loustalot F, Hannan J, Cuddeback JK. Application of a tool to identify undiagnosed hypertension — United States, 2016 . 2018;67(29):798–802.
- Fang J, Gillespie C, Ayala C, Loustalot F. Prevalence of self-reported hypertension and antihypertensive medication use among adults aged ≥18 years — United States, 2011–2015 . 2018;67(7):219–224.
- Heisey-Grove DM, Wall HK, Wright JS. Electronic clinical quality measure reporting challenges: findings from the Medicare EHR Incentive Program’s Controlling High Blood Pressure Measure external icon . J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2018;25(2):127–134.
- Jackson SL, Zhang Z, Wiltz JL, Loustalot F, Ritchey MD, Goodman AB, et al. Hypertension among youths — United States, 2001–2016 . 2018;67(27):758–762.
- Park S, Gillespie C, Baumgardner J, Yang Q, Valderrama AL, Fang J, et al. Modeled state-level estimates of hypertension prevalence and undiagnosed hypertension among US adults during 2013–2015 external icon . J Clin Hypertens (Greenwich). 2018;20(10):1395–1410.
- Patel P, Speight C, Maida A, Loustalot F, Giles D, Phiri S, et al. Integrating HIV and hypertension management in low-resource settings: lessons from Malawi external icon . PLoS Med . 2018;15(3):e1002523.
- Reboussin DM, Allen NB, Griswold ME, Guallar E, Hong Y, Lackland DT, et al. Systematic review for the 2017 ACC/AHA/AAPA/ABC/ACPM/AGS/APhA/ASH/ASPC/NMA/PCNA Guideline for the Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Management of High Blood Pressure in Adults: a report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Clinical Practice Guidelines external icon [published correction appears in Hypertension . 2018 Jun;71(6):e145]. 2018;71(6):e116–e135.
- Ritchey MD, Gillespie MS, Wozniak G, Shay CM, Thompson‐Paul AM, Loustalot F, et al. Potential need for expanded pharmacologic treatment and lifestyle modification services under the 2017 ACC/AHA Hypertension Guideline external icon . J Clin Hypertens . 2018 September; 20(10):1377–1391.
- Ritchey MD, Wall HK, Owens PL, Wright JS. Vital Signs : state-level variation in nonfatal and fatal cardiovascular events targeted for prevention by Million Hearts 2022 . 2018;67:974–982.
- Va P, Luncheon C, Thompson-Paul AM, Fang J, Merritt R, Cogswell ME. Self-reported receipt of advice and action taken to reduce dietary sodium among adults with and without hypertension — nine states and Puerto Rico, 2015 . 2018;67(7):225–229.
- Wright JS, Wall HK, Ritchey MD. Million Hearts 2022: small steps are needed for cardiovascular disease prevention external icon . 2018;320(18):1857–1858.
- Young A, Ritchey MD, George MG, Hannan J, Wright J. Characteristics of health care practices and systems that excel in hypertension control . Prev Chronic Dis. 2018;15(6):E73.
- Zheutlin AR, Hu H, Weisskopf MG, Sparrow D, Vokonas PS, Park SK. Low-level cumulative lead and resistant hypertension: a prospective study of men participating in the Veterans Affairs Normative Aging Study external icon . J Am Heart Assoc. 2018;7(21):e010014. doi:10.1161/JAHA.118.010014
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Harvard Referencing: Journal articles
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- Harvard Referencing: journal articles (video)
- Basic format to reference a journal article
Referencing journal articles: Examples
Video transcript, related links within this guide.
- The in-text reference The basics of using in-text references in Harvard.
- The Reference List The format for a Reference List in Harvard.
- How to use quotes in Harvard How to include short and long quotes in your work.
- Secondary Sources What to do if you want to reference a quote that someone else has referenced?
- Useful Library resources
Harvard Referencing: journal articles
Harvard Referencing: journal articles from Victoria University Library on Vimeo .
Basic format to reference journal articles
The basics of a Reference List entry for a journal article:
- Author or authors. The surname is followed by first initials.
- Year of publication of the article.
- Article title (in single inverted commas).
- Journal title (in italics).
- Volume of journal.
- Issue number of journal.
- Page range of article.
Example: Gray, L 2018, 'Exploring how and why young people use social networking sites', Educational Psychology in Practice , vol. 34, no. 2, pp. 175-194.
Video Transcript: Harvard: Journal Articles
This introductory video will demonstrate how to reference journal articles using the Victoria University Harvard Style.
A journal article retrieved from a library database can be referenced as though it were a print journal. The essential elements you require to create a journal article reference include: Author or authors including surname and initial. [ Call out: include the second initial if available ]; Year of publication, Title of article. [ Call out: Note: no capital after the colon for the article subtitle ]; Title of journal; A lower case ‘vol.’ followed by the volume number; A lower case ‘no.’ followed by the issue number; A lower case ‘pp.’ followed by the start and end pages of article.
The use of correct punctuation is another important element of Harvard Style. And notice the use of single quotation marks around the article title, and that the title of the journal is in italics.
The Library Search or database record for a journal article should give all the information required to create a reference. Alternatively, you will find the essential information contained in the article itself. Please note that you may need to use both the database entry and the article PDF to get all the necessary pieces of information. [ Call out: Note: you may need to scroll through the PDF to get the page range ].
Taking the key details from the database entry and article, this is the correct reference for this article.
In addition to the reference list entry, you are required to include in-text references in the main body of your work. This is an example of the in text reference when paraphrased and as a direct quote.
All author names are given in the reference list entry. When giving in-text citations for articles with more than three authors, only give the first author’s surname, followed by ‘et al.’ [ Call out: Note: the full stop after ‘et al.’ ]
Remember all in-text references should be listed in full in the reference list at the end of your document, presented alphabetically on a separate page titled “References”.
For further assistance, refer to the VU Harvard Referencing Guide. Contact the Victoria University Library through ‘Ask a Librarian’ chat or email or ask for help at any library service point.
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- Journal article
Leeds Harvard: Journal article
Include the full title of the journal in your reference. Abbreviated titles are not used in the Leeds Harvard style.
Use p. to reference a single page, and pp. for a range of pages.
If you are referencing a journal article which you have read online (on a website or as a PDF), you do not need to include [online], the URL or the access date in your reference. This is different from all other online items.
Family name, INITIAL(S). Year. Title of article. Journal Title . Volume (issue number), page numbers.
Example: Pajunen, K. 2008. Institutions and inflows of foreign direct investment: a fuzzy-set analysis. Journal of International Business Studies. 39 (4), pp.652-669.
Family name, INITIAL(S) and Family name, INITIAL(S). Year. Title of article. Journal Title . Volume (issue number), page numbers.
Example: Gencturk, B. and Hosseini, F. 2015. Evaluation of reinforced concrete and reinforced engineered cementitious composite (EGC) members and structures using small-scale testing. Canadian Journal of Civil Engineering. 42 (3), pp.164-177.
More than two authors
Family name, INITIAL(S), Family name, INITIAL(S), Family name, INITIAL(S) and Family name, INITIAL(S). Year. Title of article. Journal Title . Volume (issue number), page numbers.
Example: MacNaughton, S.J., Stephen, J.R., Venosa, A.D. and Chang, Y.J. 1999. Microbial population changes during bioremediation of an experimental oil spill. Applied and Environmental Microbiology . 65 (8), pp.3566-3574.
Articles that use article numbers
Family name, INITIAL(S). Year. Title of article. Journal Title . Volume , article no: article number [no pagination]
Example: Chou, C.L., Teherani, A., Masters, D.E., Vener, M., Wamsley, M. and Poncelet, A. 2014. Workplace learning through peer groups in medical school clerkships. Medical Education Online . 19 , article no: 25809 [no pagination]
Articles published in supplements
Some journals publish “supplements”, which are occasional extra issues of a volume which fall outside the normal publishing schedule. These are usually indicated by a different issue number eg “S1” or “Supp”, and may have different page numbers eg “S1-S24” or “E335-E400”. There could be more than one supplement in one volume of a journal.
Family name, INITIAL(S). Year. Title of article. Journal Title . Volume (Supp. number if more than one), page numbers.
Example: Ruth, B.J. and Marshall, J.W. 2017. A history of social work in public health. American Journal of Public Health . 107 (Supp. 3), pp. S236-S242.
Pre-print and post-print articles
A pre-print is an journal article that has not yet undergone peer review. A post-print is an article that has been peer reviewed in preparation for publication in a journal. You will often find these articles in online repositories or archives.
Pre-print article Family name, INITIAL(S). Year written. [Pre-print]. Title of article. Journal Title .
Example: Grachev, A.A., Leo, L.S., Di Sabatino, S., Fernando, H.J.S., Pardyjak, E.R. and Fairall, C.W. 2014. [Pre-print]. Structure of turbulence in katabatic flows below and above the wind-speed maximum. Boundary-Layer Meteorology .
Post-print article Family name, INITIAL(S). Year written. [Post-print]. Title of article. Journal Title .
Example: Almukhtar, A., Khambay, B.S., Ayoub, A., Ju, X., Al-Hiyali, A., Macdonald, J., Jabar, N. and Goto, T. 2015. [Post-print]. "Direct DICOM slice landmarking" A novel research technique to quantify skeletal changes in orthognathic surgery. PLoS One .
Author and date.
When the author name is not mentioned in the text, the citation consists of the author’s name and the year of publication in brackets.
It was emphasised that citations in the text should be consistent (Jones, 2017).
If you have already named the author in the text, only the publication year needs to be mentioned in brackets.
Jones (2017) emphasised that citations in the text should be consistent.
Three or more authors
If a source has three or more authors, the name of the first author should be given, followed by the phrase "et al."
It was emphasised that citations in a text should be consistent (Jones et al., 2017).
Jones et al. (2017) emphasised that citations in a text should be consistent.
Leeds Harvard does not use ibid to refer to previously cited items. If you are citing the same item twice in a row (i.e. you do not cite any other items in the text between the two citations) you must write the full citation again. As usual, if you are directly quoting or paraphrasing specific ideas, you should include a page number (if there is one).
Jones et al. (2017, p.24) emphasised that citations in a text should be consistent and argued that referencing is a key part of academic integrity (2017, p.27). Furthermore, having a broad range of references in a text is an indicator of the breadth of a scholar's reading and research (Jones et al., 2017, p.14).
If the item is produced by an organisation, treat the organisation as a "corporate author". This means you can use the name of the organisation instead of that of an individual author. This includes government departments, universities or companies. Cite the corporate author in the text the same way as you would an individual author.
According to a recent report, flu jabs are as important as travel vaccines (Department of Health, 2017).
When to include page numbers
You should include page numbers in your citation if you quote directly from the text, paraphrase specific ideas or explanations, or use an image, diagram, table, etc. from a source.
"It was emphasised that citations in a text should be consistent" (Jones, 2017, p.24).
When referencing a single page, you should use p. For a range of pages, use pp.
p.7 or pp.20-29.
If the page numbers are in Roman numerals, do not include p. before them.
(Amis, 1958, iv)
When you're referencing with Leeds Harvard you may come across issues with missing details, multiple authors, edited books, references to another author's work or online items, to name a few. Here are some tips on how to deal with some common issues when using Leeds Harvard.
Skip straight to the issue that affects you:
- Online items
- URL web addresses
- Multiple authors
- Corporate author(s) or organisation(s)
- Multiple publisher details
- Editions and reprints
- Missing details
- Multiple sources with different authors
- Sources written by the same author in the same year
- Sources with the same author in different years
- Two authors with the same surname in the same year
- The work of one author referred to by another
- Anonymising sources for confidentiality
Have a language expert improve your writing
Run a free plagiarism check in 10 minutes, automatically generate references for free.
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- Harvard Referencing for Journal Articles | Templates & Examples
Harvard Referencing for Journal Articles | Templates & Examples
Published on 20 May 2020 by Jack Caulfield . Revised on 7 November 2022.
In Harvard style, to reference a journal article, you need the author name(s), the year, the article title, the journal name, the volume and issue numbers, and the page range on which the article appears.
If you accessed the article online, add a DOI (digital object identifier) if available.
Scribbr’s free Harvard reference generator can instantly create accurate references for a wide variety of source types:
Harvard Reference Generator
Table of contents
Online-only journal articles, articles with multiple authors, referencing a whole issue of a journal, referencing a preprint journal article, frequently asked questions about referencing journal articles in harvard style.
To reference an online journal article with no print version, always include the DOI if available. No access date is necessary with a DOI. Note that a page range may not be available for online-only articles; in this case, simply leave it out, as in this example.
Online-only article with no DOI
When you need to reference an online-only article which doesn’t have a DOI, use a URL instead – preferably the stable URL often listed with the article. In this case, you do need to include an access date.
Note that if an online article has no DOI but does have a print equivalent, you don’t need to include a URL. The details of the print journal should be enough for the reader to locate the article.
Journal articles often have multiple authors. In both your in-text citations and reference list, list up to three authors in full. Use the first author’s name followed by ‘ et al. ’ when there are four or more.
Prevent plagiarism, run a free check.
When you want to reference an entire issue of a journal instead of an individual article, you list the issue editor(s) in the author position and give the title of the issue (if available) rather than of an individual article.
When you reference an article that’s been accepted for publication but not yet published, the format changes to acknowledge this.
If it’s unknown where or whether the article will be published, omit this information:
In Harvard referencing, up to three author names are included in an in-text citation or reference list entry. When there are four or more authors, include only the first, followed by ‘ et al. ’
In Harvard style , when you quote directly from a source that includes page numbers, your in-text citation must include a page number. For example: (Smith, 2014, p. 33).
You can also include page numbers to point the reader towards a passage that you paraphrased . If you refer to the general ideas or findings of the source as a whole, you don’t need to include a page number.
Cite this Scribbr article
If you want to cite this source, you can copy and paste the citation or click the ‘Cite this Scribbr article’ button to automatically add the citation to our free Reference Generator.
Caulfield, J. (2022, November 07). Harvard Referencing for Journal Articles | Templates & Examples. Scribbr. Retrieved 6 March 2023, from https://www.scribbr.co.uk/referencing/harvard-journal-article-reference/
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- Number of authors
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Journal - electronic, journal - article numbers, preprint articles, journal - print.
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The format of a citation varies with the number of authors of the work, ensure you check the formatting is correct for the number of authors of the resources you are citing.
Author, AA year of publication, 'Title of article', Title of Journal , vol. no, issue no, pp. xx-xx, viewed Date Month Year, DOI:xx.xxx/xxxxxx.
Author, AA year of publication, 'Title of article', Title of Journal , vol. no, issue no, pp. xx-xx, viewed Date Month Year, <URL>.
Oxford, RL, Griffiths, C, Longhini, A, Cohen, AD, Macaro, E & Harris, V 2014, 'Experts' personal metaphors and similes about language learning strategies', System , vol. 43, pp. 11-29, viewed 7 July 2014, DOI:10.1016/j.system.2014.01.001.
Reinke, NB, Llewelyn, T & Firth, N 2014, 'Developing discipline-specific study skills for pharmacy students learning anatomy and physiology', International Journal of Innovation in Science and Mathematics Education , vol. 22, no. 1, pp. 57-66, viewed 12 June 2014, < http://sydney.edu.au/iisme/research/journal.shtml >.
NB: In the Oxford et al. example, the journal does not use issue numbers. If the journal does not have a volume or an issue number, you skip to the next part of the pattern.
Oxford et al. (2014, p. 12) state that "metaphor may be as old as language."
The use of figurative language can give an insight into the attitudes of professionals towards their profession (Oxford et al. 2014).
Some electronic journals do not have page numbers, but instead use article numbers.
Author, AA Year of publication, 'Title of article', Title of Journal , Volume, article no: article number [no pagination], viewed Date Month Year, DOI: xx.xxx/xxxxxx.
Author, AA Year of publication, 'Title of article', Title of Journal , Volume, article no: article number [no pagination], viewed Date Month Year, <URL>.
Example: Chou, CL, Teherani, A & Masters, D 2014, 'Workplace learning through peer groups in medical school clerkships', Medical Education Online , 19, article no: 25809, viewed 15 Jun 2015, DOI:10.3402/meo.v19.25809.
Chou, CL, Teherani, A & Masters, D 2014, 'Workplace learning through peer groups in medical school clerkships', Medical Education Online., 19, article no: 25809, viewed 15 Jun 2015, <https://www.tandfonline.com/toc/zmeo20/19/1?nav=tocList>.
For articles that have been made available online but not yet published "Advanced online publications"
Author, AA year of publication, 'Title of article', Title of Journal , Preprint, viewed Date Month Year, DOI: xx.xxx/xxxxxx. or <URL>.
Jones, P, Smith, A & Rigby, R 2018, ‘Aerobic capacity for athletes’, Journal of Strength and Conditioning, Preprint, viewed 15 June 2018, DOI:10.125894/426579.
In their conclusion, Jones et al. (2018 p. 1) points out ...
Some have argued (Jones et al. 2011, p. 1) that ...
Author, AA year of publication, 'Title of article', Title of Journal , vol. volume number, no. issue number, pp. xx-xx.
Gorringe, S 2011, ' Honouring our strengths: moving forward ', Education in Rural Australia , vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 21-37.
In her conclusion, Gorringe (2011, p. 33) points out ...
Some have argued (Gorringe 2011, p. 33) that ...
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Write it Right - A guide to Harvard referencing style
- Referencing & Citing
- Reference List & Bibliography
- Elements in References
- Journal articles
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Journal article from TUS online databases
Journal article from a website, online magazine, journal on a vle (moodle).
- Newspaper articles
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- Government and legal publications
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For journal articles where you have all the required elements for the reader to track the article down, you should simply cite and reference the article as in the examples above.
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UQ Harvard referencing style
- About UQ Harvard Style
- Additional referencing information
- In-text citations
- Direct quotations
- Indirect citation or secondary source
- Reference list
- Book (including author information)
- Book chapter
- ChatGPT and other generative AI tools
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Print/online journal article with page numbers, print/online journal article, no author, online journal article without page numbers.
- Newspaper or magazine article
- Report from an electronic database
- Dictionary or encyclopaedia
- Other Internet sources
- Table, image or diagram
- Standard, patent and map
- Video or DVD
- Television program
- Lecture notes and slides
- Personal communication
- Social media
- Unpublished material
For guidance on author variations (no author, many authors etc) please consult the section Book (including author information) as the same rules regarding authors will apply.
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Cite A Journal in Harvard style
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- Archive material
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- Edited book
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Use the following template or our Harvard Referencing Generator to cite a journal. For help with other source types, like books, PDFs, or websites, check out our other guides. To have your reference list or bibliography automatically made for you, try our free citation generator .
Place this part in your bibliography or reference list at the end of your assignment.
Place this part right after the quote or reference to the source in your assignment.
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- Magazine article
- Newspaper article
- Online video
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- Television advertisement
- Television programme
- Ancient text
- Book (printed, one author or editor)
- Book (printed, multiple authors or editors)
- Book (printed, with no author)
- Chapter in a book (print)
- Collected works
- Multivolume work
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- Thesis or dissertation
- Translated work
- Census data
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- Mathematical equation
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- Inscription on a building
- Painting or Drawing
- Interview (on the internet)
- Interview (newspaper)
- Interview (radio or television)
- Interview (as part of research)
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- Song lyrics
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- Published report
- Student's own work
- Tutor materials for academic course
- Unpublished report
- Working paper
- Referencing glossary
This guidance can be used for articles from both print and online journals.
To be made up of:
- Author (surname followed by initials).
- Year of publication (in round brackets).
- Title of article (in single quotation marks).
- Title of journal (in italics - capitalise first letter of each word in title, except for linking words such as and, of, the, for).
- Issue information, that is, volume (unbracketed) and, where applicable, part number, month, or season (all in round brackets).
- Page reference.
- DOI (if available).
Skelton, A. (2011). ‘Value conflicts in higher education teaching’, Teaching in Higher Education , 17(3), pp.257-268. doi: 10.1080/13562517.2011.611875.
Pre-publication Journal Article
If you are referencing an article that has not yet been published, follow the same format as for a standard journal article, and add:
- To be published in (if stated).
- [Preprint] (in square brackets).
- Available at: URL.
- (Accessed: date).
(Jones, Kree and Rigby, 2014).
Jones, J., Kree, J. and Rigby, P. (2014). ‘Aerobic capacity’. To be published in Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research [Preprint]. Available at: http://journals.lww.com/jscr/Abstract/2015 (Accessed: 23 June 2015).
Journal Article with Three to Seven Authors
If there are four or more authors cite the first name listed in the source followed by et al. All authors'/editors' names should be listed in your reference.
(Darlow et al., 2013).
Reference List :
Darlow, B., Dowell, A., Baxter, G.D., Mathieson, F., Perry, M. and Dean, S. (2013). 'The enduring impact of what clinicians say to people with low back pain', Annals of Family Medicine , 11(6), pp.527-534.
Journal Article Accessed via Moodle
If you are referencing an article you accessed via Moodle, follow the same format as for a standard journal article, and add:
- Module code: module title (in italics).
- Available at: Moodle’s URL.
(Jacobs et al., 2010)
Jacobs, A., Leach, C. and Spencer, S. (2010) 'Learning Lives and Alumni Voices', Oxford Review of Education , 36(2), pp.219-32. EDPS0013: Archive Research and Oral History in Education. Available at: https://moodle.ucl.ac.uk/mod/url/view.php?id=144138 (Accessed: 13 January 2021).
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Harvard Style Guide: Journal article ePublication (ahead of print)
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- Print journal article, two or three authors
- Print journal article, four or more authors
- eJournal article
- Journal article ePublication (ahead of print)
- Secondary sources
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- Film/ television
- YouTube Film or Talk
- Music/ audio
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- No date of publication
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Journal article epublication (ahead of print)
Reference : Author(s) Last name, Initials. (Year) ‘Article title’, Journal Title (published online ahead of print Day Month). Available at: DOI/URL (Accessed Day Month Year).
Example : Hawke, J., Wadsworth, S., & DeFries, J. (2006) ‘Genetic influences on reading difficulties in boys and girls: the Colorado twin study’, Dyslexia (published online ahead of print 24 September). Available at: http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/cgi-bin/fulltext/112098736/PDFSTART (Accessed 10 October 2006).
- Author(s) Last name (Year)
- (Author(s) Last name, Year)
- Hawke, Wadsworth and DeFries (2006) argue ….
- Others have shown (Hawke, Wadsworth and DeFries, 2006)....
Note: In the absence of clear guidelines from the title "Cite Them Right", this is how UCD Library have interpreted online advice on referencing ahead of print journal publications.
Still unsure what in-text citation and referencing mean? Check here .
Still unsure why you need to reference all this information? Check here .
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All you need to know about citations
How to cite a journal article in Harvard
To cite a journal article in a reference entry in Harvard style include the following elements:
- Author(s) of the journal article: Give the last name and initials (e. g. Watson, J.) of up to three authors with the last name preceded by 'and'. For four authors or more include the first name followed by et al., unless your institution requires referencing of all named authors.
- Year of publication: Give the year in round brackets.
- Title of the journal article: Give the title of the article in single quotation marks.
- Title of the journal: Give the title in italics and capitalize the first letter of the first word and proper nouns.
- Volume number: Give the volume number.
- Issue number: Give the issue number and, if given, the month or season.
- Page numbers: Give the full page range or page number.
Here is the basic format for a reference list entry of a journal article in Harvard style:
Author(s) of the journal article . ( Year of publication ) ' Title of the journal article ', Title of the journal , Volume number ( Issue number ), pp. Page numbers .
Take a look at our reference list examples that demonstrate the Harvard style guidelines in action:
A journal article with two authors
Langner, M., and Imbach, R . ( 2000 ) ' The University of Freiburg: A Model for a Bilingual University ', Higher Education in Europe , 25 ( 4 ), pp. 461–468 .
<citationexample type="A journal article with two authors"
- <author> Hofman, C. A., and Rick, T. C </author> . ( <year> 2018 </year> ) ' <title> Ancient Biological Invasions and Island Ecosystems: Tracking Translocations of Wild Plants and Animals </title> ', <journal> Journal of Archaeological Research </journal> , <volume> 26 </volume> ( <issue> 1 </issue> ), pp. <pages> 65–115 </pages> .
This citation style guide is based on the Cite Them Right (10 th edition) Harvard referencing guide.
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Article 48 was an amendment to the Weimar Constitution that allowed the president of the Weimar Republic in Germany to work around Parliament to carry out duties that protected the people in times of crisis.
In the finance world, journal is short for journal entry, which is the heart and soul of accounting. It is also short for The Wall Street Journal. In the finance world, journal is short for journal entry. It is also short for The Wall Stree...
View journal articles related to high blood pressure (hypertension) and high blood pressure control. To receive email updates about this page, enter your email address: Division for Heart Disease and Stroke Prevention
Basic format to reference journal articles · Author or authors. The surname is followed by first initials. · Year of publication of the article.
Family name, INITIAL(S) and Family name, INITIAL(S). Year. Title of article. Journal Title. Volume(issue number), page numbers. Example: Gencturk, B. and
In Harvard style, to reference a journal article, you need the author name(s), the year, the article title, the journal name, the volume and
Author, AA Year of publication, 'Title of article', Title of Journal, Volume, article no: article number [no pagination], viewed Date Month Year
Author(s) name, initial(s). (year of publication) Title of article, Title of Journal, Volume(Issue number), [or] (date/month
Author(s) name, initial(s). (year of publication) Title of article, Title of Journal, Volume(Issue number), [or] (date/month
Author(s) of article - family name, initials (no spaces between multiple initials) Year of publication, 'Title of journal article (sentence case)
Author Surname, Author Initial. (Year Published). Title. Publication Title, [online] Volume number(Issue number), p.Pages Used. Available at: http://Website URL
Journal article · Author (surname followed by initials). · Year of publication (in round brackets). · Title of article (in single quotation marks).
Reference: Author(s) Last name, Initials. (Year) 'Article title', Journal Title (published online ahead of print Day Month).
Author(s) of the journal article. (Year of publication) 'Title of the journal article', Title of the journal